Description & Operation
The ASD relay and fuel pump relay are located in the Power Distribution Center (PDC) near the Air Cleaner. The inside top of the PDC cover has a label showing relay and fuse location.
The PCM operates the Automatic Shut Down (ASD) relay and fuel pump relays. The PCM operates them by switching the ground path for the solenoid side of the relays on and off. The ASD relay connects battery voltage to the fuel injectors and ignition coil. The fuel pump relay connects battery voltage to the fuel pump.
A bus bar in the Power Distribution Center (PDC) supplies voltage to the coil side and contact side of the relay. The ASD relay power circuit contains a 25-amp fuse between the buss bar in the PDC and the relay. The fuses are located in the PDC.
|85||K51 18DB/YL||Auto. Shutdown Relay Control|
|87||A142 18DG/OR||Auto. Shutdown Relay Output|
ASD relay pinout information
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) operates the ASD relay by switching the ground path on and off. The ASD relay supplies battery voltage to the fuel injectors, electronic ignition coil and the heating elements in the oxygen sensors.
The PCM controls the relay by switching the ground path for the solenoid side of the relay on and off. The PCM turns the ground path off when the ignition switch is in the OFF position unless the 02 Heater Monitor test is being run. When the ignition switch is in the ON or CRANK position, the PCM monitors the crankshaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor signals to determine engine speed and ignition timing (coil dwell). If the PCM does not receive the crankshaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor signals when the ignition switch is in the RUN position, it will de-energize the ASD relay.Automatic Shutdown (ASD) Sense
The ASD sense circuit informs the PCM when the ASD relay energizes. A 12-volt signal at this input indicates to the PCM that the ASD has been activated. This input is used only to sense that the ASD relay is energized. When energized, the ASD relay supplies battery voltage to the fuel injectors, ignition coils and the heating element in each oxygen sensor. If the PCM does not receive 12 volts from this input after grounding the ASD relay, it sets a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC).