AutoZone 2009 Ford Mustang Shelby GT500 5.4L SFI DOHC SC 8cyl | Repair Guides | Suspension & Steering | Steering | Ford Integral Power Steering Gear | AutoZone.com

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    Ford Pick-ups and Broncos 1987-1996 Repair Guide

    Ford Integral Power Steering Gear

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    See Figure 1



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: Ford integral power steering gear

    The Ford Integral Power Steering Gear is used on all 1987-92 models except the F-Super Duty stripped chassis and motor home chassis.

    ADJUSTMENTS



    Meshload
    1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
    2.  
    3. Matchmark the Pitman arm and gear housing.
    4.  
    5. Set the wheels in a straight-ahead position.
    6.  
    7. Disconnect the Pitman arm from the sector shaft.
    8.  
    9. Disconnect the fluid RETURN line at the pump reservoir and cap the reservoir nipple.
    10.  
    11. Place the end of the return line in a clean container and turn the steering wheel lock-to-lock a few times to expel the fluid from the gear.
    12.  
    13. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the right stop. Place a small piece of masking tape on the steering wheel rim as a reference and rotate the steering wheel 45° from the right stop.
    14.  
    15. Disconnect the battery ground.
    16.  
    17. Remove the horn pad.
    18.  
    19. Using an inch pound torque wrench on the steering wheel nut, record the amount of torque needed to turn the steering wheel 1 / 8 turn counterclockwise. The preload reading should be 4-9 inch lbs. (0.45-1 Nm).
    20.  
    21. Center the steering wheel ( 1 / 2 the total lock-to-lock turns) and record the torque needed to turn the steering wheel 90° to either side of center. On a truck with fewer than 5,000 miles (8050 km), the meshload should be 15-25 inch lbs. (1.7-2.82 Nm) on trucks with 5,000 or more miles, the meshload should be 7 inch lbs. (0.8 Nm) more than the preload torque. On trucks with fewer than 5,000 miles, if the meshload is not within specifications, it should be reset to a figure 14-18 inch lbs. (1.58-2 Nm) greater than the recorded preload torque. On trucks with 5,000 or more miles (8050 km), if the meshload is not within specifications, it should be reset to a figure 10-14 inch lbs. (1.13-1.58 Nm) greater than the recorded preload torque.
    22.  
    23. If an adjustment is required, loosen the adjuster locknut and turn the sector shaft adjuster screw until the necessary torque is achieved.
    24.  
    25. Once adjustment is completed. hold the adjuster screw and tighten the locknut to 45 ft. lbs. (61 Nm).
    26.  
    27. Recheck the adjustment readings and reset if necessary.
    28.  
    29. Connect the return line and refill the reservoir.
    30.  
    31. Install the Pitman arm.
    32.  
    33. Install the horn pad.
    34.  

    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    See Figure 2



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 2: Power steering gear installation

    1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
    2.  
    3. Place the wheels in the straight-ahead position.
    4.  
    5. Place a drain pan under the gear and disconnect the pressure and return lines. Cap the openings.
    6.  
    7. Remove the splash shield from the flex coupling.
    8.  
    9. Disconnect the flex coupling at the gear.
    10.  
    11. Matchmark and remove the Pitman arm from the sector shaft.
    12.  
    13. Support the steering gear and remove the mounting bolts.
    14.  
    15. Remove the steering gear. It may be necessary to work it free of the flex coupling.
    16.  

    To install:
    1. Place the splash shield on the steering gear lugs.
    2.  
    3. Slide the flex coupling into place on the steering shaft. Make sure the steering wheel spokes are still horizontal.
    4.  
    5. Center the steering gear input shaft with the indexing flat facing downward.
    6.  
    7. Slide the steering gear input shaft into the flex coupling and into place on the frame side rail. Install the flex coupling bolt and torque it to 30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Install the gear mounting bolts and torque them to 65 ft. lbs. (88 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Make sure that the wheels are still straight-ahead and install the Pitman arm. Tighten the nut to 230 ft. lbs. (312 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Connect the pressure, then, the return lines. Tighten the pressure line to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    14.  
    15. Snap the flex coupling shield into place.
    16.  
    17. Fill the steering reservoir.
    18.  
    19. Run the engine and turn the steering wheel lock-to-lock several times to expel air. Check for leaks.
    20.  

     
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