AutoZone 2012 Subaru Outback 2.5i Premium AWD 2.5L SFI SOHC 4cyl | Repair Guides | Engine & Engine Overhaul | Engine Electrical | Starter | AutoZone.com

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    Honda Civic/CRX/del Sol 1984-1995 Repair Guide

    Starter

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    See Figures 1 through 10

    The starter is located on the firewall side of the engine block, adjacent to the flywheel or torque converter housing. Early models, use a direct drive type starter, while the later models use a gear reduction starter. Otherwise, the two units are similar in operation and service. Both starters are 4-pole, series wound, DC units to which an outboard solenoid is mounted. When the ignition switch is turned to the start position, the solenoid armature is drawn in, engaging the starter pinion with the flywheel. When the starter pinion and flywheel are fully engaged, the solenoid armature closes the main contacts for the starter, causing the starter to crank the engine. When the engine starts, the increased speed of the flywheel causes the gear to overrun the starter clutch and rotor. The gear continues in full mesh until the ignition is switched from the start to the on position, interrupting the starter current. The shift lever spring then returns the gear to its neutral position.



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    Fig. Fig. 1: Begin the starter removal by first disconnecting the wires leading to it ...



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    Fig. Fig. 2: ... next unbolt the starter by loosening the through-bolts and sliding them out while supporting the starter with your other hand ...



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    Fig. Fig. 3: Wiggle and pull the starter out to disengage the gears and lift it from the engine for inspection or replacement



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    Fig. Fig. 4: Starter mounting point



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    Fig. Fig. 5: Exploded view of Hitachi starter used on some California carbureted models-1984-87 Civic



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    Fig. Fig. 6: Exploded view of Mitsuba starter used on some 49 state and HI ALT models-1984-87 Civic



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    Fig. Fig. 7: Exploded view of Nippon Denso (ND) starter used on some 49 state and HI ALT models-1988-91



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    Fig. Fig. 8: Exploded view of Mitsuba starter used on some models-1988-91 Civic



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    Fig. Fig. 9: Exploded view of Nippon Denso (ND) starter used on some models-1992-95 Civic



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    Fig. Fig. 10: Exploded view of Mitsuba starter used on some models-1992-95 Civic

    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    1. Disconnect the negative battery terminal and the starter motor cable at the positive terminal.
    2.  
    3. Remove the engine wire harness from the harness clip on the starter motor
    4.  
    5. Disconnect the cable from the B terminal on the solenoid, and the BLK/WHT wire from the S terminal.
    6.  
    7. Remove the starter motor by loosening the two attaching bolts.
    8.  
    9. To install, reverse the removal procedures: re-position the starter in place, replace bolts, tighten the starter-to-engine bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (45 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Make sure that all wires are securely connected.
    12.  

    STARTER DRIVE REPLACEMENT



    Hitachi and Nippondenso Direct Drive Types
    1. Remove the starter from the vehicle. Remove the solenoid by loosening and removing the attaching bolts.
    2.  
    3. Remove the two brush holder plate retaining screws from the rear cover. Also pry off the rear dust cover along with the clip and thrust washer(s).
    4.  
    5. Remove the two through-bolts from the rear cover and lightly tap the rear cover with a mallet to remove it.
    6.  
    7. Remove the four carbon brushes from the brush holder and the brush holder.
    8.  
    9. Separate the yoke from the case. The yoke is provided with a hole for positioning, into which the gear case lock pin is inserted.
    10.  
    11. Pull the yoke assembly from the gear case, being sure to carefully detach the shift lever from the pinion.
    12.  
    13. Remove the armature unit from the yoke casing and the field coil.
    14.  
    15. To remove the pinion gear from the armature, first set the armature on end with the pinion end facing upward and pull the clutch stop collar downward toward the pinion. Remove the pinion stop clip, then, pull the pinion stop and gears from the armature shaft as a unit.
    16.  

    To install:
    1. Install the pinion and gears on the armature. Install the pinion stop clip.
    2.  
    3. Install the armature in the housing. Install new brushes in the brush holder and install the brush holder on the armature.
    4.  
    5. Install the end cover. Install the clutch assembly and install the yoke assembly in the casing.
    6.  
    7. Install the pinion stopper and bushing. Install the torsion spring.
    8.  
    9. Install the front cover and the solenoid on the starter housing.
    10.  
    11. Install the starter in the vehicle and check for proper operation.
    12.  

    Nippondenso Reduction Gear Type

    These starters come in 1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 KW sizes and are used on various models. This type of starter may be identified in two ways. It uses a double reduction set of pinion gears and it has a very wide reduction gear housing. Also, its solenoid is housed entirely within the housing of the starter, rather than in an externally visible unit.

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove the starter from the vehicle.
    2.  
    3. Place the starter in a holding fixture or on a work bench. Remove the solenoid end cover. Pull out the solenoid. There is a spring on the shaft and a steel ball at the end of the shaft.
    4.  
    5. Remove the through-bolts retaining the end frame to the motor and solenoid housing.
    6.  
    7. Remove the end frame. The over-running clutch assembly complete with drive gear can be removed. The idler and motor pinion gears can be removed separately. The idler gear retains five steel roller bearings.
    8.  
    9. The clutch assembly is held together by a circlip. Push down on the gear against the spring inside the clutch assembly and remove the circlip with a circlip expander. Slide the stopper ring, gear, spring and washer out of the clutch assembly.
    10.  
    11. To assemble, reverse the disassembly procedures. Grease all sliding surfaces of the solenoid before reassembly.
    12.  
    13. The stopper ring is installed with the smaller end with the lip towards the clutch. Be sure that the steel ball is in place at the end of the solenoid shaft.
    14.  

    Mitsuba Gear Reduction Type

    This starter may be distinguished from the Nipopondenso gear reduction starter in 2 ways. First, the armature drives the overrunning clutch directly using a very small pinion rather than through a double reduction, making the gear housing cover much narrower than it is on the Nippondenso. Secondly, the solenoid housing forms an obvious bulge that is separate from the field winding housing. It is used on some 1988-95 model engines.

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove the starter from the vehicle.
    2.  
    3. Remove the three solenoid retaining screws from the front of the gear housing cover. First, shift the solenoid away from the plane of the armature to disengage it from the solenoid lever, then, remove it and its gasket. Remove any remaining screws attaching the gear housing cover to the gear housing.
    4.  
    5. Loosen the through-bolts retaining the end frame and armature housing to the gear housing, then, pull off the gear housing cover and gear housing, leaving the armature, brushes and bearings assembled.
    6.  
    7. From the rear, remove the three screws retaining the gear housing cover to the gear housing. Remove the gear housing cover. Now remove the over-running clutch assembly complete with drive gear and the solenoid lever. Be careful not to dislodge and loose the labyrinth tube and it rubber seal.
    8.  
    9. Check the clutch assembly by moving the clutch along the shaft. If movement is not free and smooth or if the clutch does not positively prevent rotation in the counterclockwise direction (looking at the pinion gear end), replace the clutch assembly.
    10.  
    11. To assemble, reverse the disassembly procedures. Grease all sliding surfaces of the solenoid lever before reassembly, using molybednum disulphide grease.
    12.  

     
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