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    Toyota Pick-ups, Land Cruiser, and 4 Runner 1997-00

    Front Axle, Bearing and Seal

    Print

    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    T100 and 199799 Tacoma and 4Runner


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove the dust cap



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    Fig. Remove the cotter pin



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    Fig. Once removed, discard the cotter pin



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    Fig. Before removal, always note the position of the axle shaft nut lock cap



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    Fig. Remove the axle shaft nut by hand, once it has been loosened with a breaker bar4WD models



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    Fig. On 4WD models, the front axle shaft may get stuck in the hub assembly. If this occurs, thread the nut back on and gently tap it with a hammer (preferably plastic)

    1. Loosen the lug nuts.
    2.  
    3. Raise and support the vehicle.
    4.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Exploded view of the front axle hub and components4Runner shown

    1. Remove the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Remove the shock absorber.
    4.  
    5. Pull off the grease cap.
    6.  
    7. Disconnect the driveshaft. Remove the cotter pin and lock cap.
    8.  
    9. With a helper applying the brakes, remove the locknut.
    10.  
    11. On vehicles with ABS, remove the speed sensor and harness from the steering knuckle.
    12.  
    13. Remove the brake line from the knuckle.
    14.  
    15. Remove the caliper and rotor.
    16.  
    17. Remove the bolts retaining the lower ball joint, separate from the vehicle.
    18.  
    19. Remove the cotter pin and loosen the nut on the axle hub. Using a SST, or equivalent, remove the steering knuckle.
    20.  

    To install:

    1. Attach the steering knuckle with hub axle to the vehicle, tighten the hub nut to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Attach the lower ball joint; tighten to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Install the disc and caliper.
    6.  
    7. Place the brake line bracket on the steering knuckle; tighten to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Install the ABS sensor (if equipped) and harness.
    10.  
    11. Install the driveshaft. Tighten the locknut to 174 ft. lbs. (235 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Install the grease cap.
    14.  
    15. Install the shock absorber.
    16.  
    17. Install the wheel, lower the vehicle, and tighten the lug nuts.
    18.  

    2000 Tacoma, 4Runner and Tundra


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front wheel hub4WD components



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    Fig. Front wheel hubPre Runner



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    Fig. Exploded view of the hub nut, locking ring and cotter pin



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    Fig. Removing the snap ring on free wheel hub models



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    Fig. Unfasten the brake hose banjo bolt, and then plug the line



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    Fig. Remove the brake caliper mounting bolts, and then remove the caliper



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    Fig. Unfasten the lower ball joint bolts, and then separate the lower ball joint



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    Fig. You must use a special tool to separate the ball joint from the upper control arm



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    Fig. Remove the lock nut with the Special Service Tool (SST)



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    Fig. Remove the axle hub from the steering knuckle



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    Fig. Use a press to release the bearing from the knuckle assembly

    1. Remove the front wheel.
    2.  
    3. Detach the shock absorber.
    4.  
    5. Disconnect the driveshaft by removing the grease cap and pulling out the cotter pin and lock cap.
    6.  
    7. Apply the brakes to hold the axle from spinning and remove the lock nut.
    8.  
    9. If the vehicle is equipped with antilock brakes, detach the speed sensor and wiring harness clamp from the steering knuckle.
    10.  
    11. Remove the banjo bolt and two gaskets from the caliper.
    12.  
    13. Detach the flexible brake hose from the caliper.
    14.  
    15. Remove the brake caliper and then the rotor.
    16.  
    17. Properly hang the brake caliper (NOT by the brake hose).
    18.  
    19. Detach the lower ball joint.
    20.  
    21. Remove the steering knuckle.
    22.  
    23. Clamp the axle hub in a soft jaw vise.
    24.  

    Close the vise until it holds the hub bolts.

    1. Using the proper seal puller or prytool, remove the oil seal.
    2.  
    3. On vehicles equipped with a free wheel hub and on the 4Runner, use a chisel and hammer to loosen the staked part of the lock nut.
    4.  
    5. Remove the lock nut. A special service tool may be required.
    6.  
    7. Remove the Antilock Brake System (ABS) speed sensor rotor/spacer.
    8.  

    Do NOT scratch the speed sensor rotor.

    1. Detach the bolts to the dust shield and shift the shield towards the outside of the hub.
    2.  
    3. Remove the axle from the steering knuckle, a special service tool may be required.
    4.  
    5. Remove the dust cover from the steering knuckle.
    6.  
    7. On vehicles without a free wheeling hub, that are 4WD only, remove the bearing spacer and ABS speed sensor rotor spacer.
    8.  
    9. Remove the outside seal by prying it out with a seal puller.
    10.  
    11. Remove the bearing from the steering knuckle by removing the snap ring with a pair of snap ring pliers.
    12.  
    13. Press the bearing from the steering knuckle.
    14.  

    To install:



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Press the new bearing into the steering knuckle



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    Fig. Using a plastic hammer, install the new seal



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    Fig. A Special Service Tool (SST) may be required to install the ABS speed sensor



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    Fig. Install a new lock nut into the hub assembly and tighten to 203 ft. lbs. (274 Nm)



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    Fig. Install the bearing spacer



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    Fig. Install a new inside oil seal using a plastic hammer

    1. Install the new bearing.
    2.  
    3. Install a new oil seal.
    4.  
    5. Install the axle hub to the steering knuckle. Torque the bolts to 13 ft. lbs. (18 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Re-install the ABS speed sensor rotor.
    8.  
    9. On vehicles that are equipped with a free wheel hub, install the bearing spacer.
    10.  
    11. On four wheel drive models, install a new inside oil seal.
    12.  
    13. On the 4Runner, install the grease cap.
    14.  
    15. The remainder of the installation procedure is the reverse of removal.
    16.  

    Land Cruiser
    1. Remove the front wheel.
    2.  
    3. Remove the front brake caliper.
    4.  
    5. Using a flat bladed too and a hammer, remove the grease cap from the flange.
    6.  
    7. Using a snap ring expander, remove the snap ring.
    8.  
    9. Loosen the six mounting nuts.
    10.  
    11. Using a brass bar and a hammer, tap on the bolt heads, then remove the six cone washers, plate washers and nuts.
    12.  
    13. Remove the flange and gasket.
    14.  
    15. Remove the axle hub and disc as follows:
      1. With a flat bladed tool, release the lockwasher.
      2.  
      3. Remove the locknut; this may require SST 09607-60020 or an equivalent socket.
      4.  
      5. Remove the lockwasher.
      6.  
      7. Using SST 09607-60020, or an equivalent socket, remove the adjusting nut and thrust washer.
      8.  
      9. Remove the hub and rotor together with the outer bearing.
      10.  

    16.  
    17. Remove the oil seal and inner bearing from the hub.
    18.  

    To install:

    1. Pack the bearing with multi-purpose grease. Coat the inside of the hub also.
    2.  
    3. Place the inner bearing into the hub.
    4.  
    5. Install the new oil seal into the hub.
    6.  
    7. Place the axle hub with the rotor to the spindle. Install the outer bearing and thrust washer.
    8.  
    9. Adjust the preload, tighten the adjusting nut to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Turn the hub right, and then left, two or three times. Tighten the adjusting nut again to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Loosen the nut until it can be turned by hand. Tighten the nut again to 48 inch lbs. (5 Nm). Re-measure the preload again. It should be 6.412.6 lbs. (2856 N).
    10.  
    11. Install a new lock washer and lock nut. Using SST 09607-60020, tighten the lock nut to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm). Check that the axle hub turns smoothly and the bearing has no play.
    12.  
    13. Using a spring tension gauge, measure the preload. It should be 6.412.6 lbs. (2856 N). If the preload is not within specifications, adjust with the nut after removing the lockwasher and locknut. Secure the locknut by hand one of the lockwasher teeth inward and the other lockwasher teeth outward.
    14.  
    15. Install the flange as follows:
      1. Place a new gasket into position on the axle hub.
      2.  
      3. Apply multi-purpose grease to the inner flange splines.
      4.  
      5. Install the flange to the axle hub.
      6.  
      7. Place the cone washers, plate washers and nuts into position; tighten the nuts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
      8.  
      9. Install the bolt in the axle shaft and pull it out.
      10.  
      11. Using a snap ring expander, install a new snap ring. Remove the bolts.
      12.  
      13. Coat the inside of the cap with grease. Install the cap to the flange.
      14.  

    16.  
    17. Install the caliper and front wheel.
    18.  
    19. Bleed the brake system.
    20.  

     
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