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    2002 BMW 540I 4.4L EFI DOHC 8cyl

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    Exhaust Pipe

    Inspect/Replace

    To replace a damaged exhaust pipe begin by supporting the converter to keep it from falling. Carefully remove the oxygen sensor if there is one. Remove any hangers or clamps holding the exhaust pipe to the frame. Unbolt the flange holding the exhaust pipe to the exhaust manifold. When removing the exhaust pipe, check to see if there is a gasket. If so, discard it and replace it with a new one. Once the joint has been taken apart, the gasket loses its effectiveness. Disconnect the pipe from the converter and pull the front exhaust pipe loose and remove it.

    CAUTION
    An easy way to break off rusted nuts is to tighten them instead of loosening them. Sometimes a badly rusted clamp of hanger strap will snap off with ease. Sometimes the old exhaust system will not drop free of the body because a large part is in the way, such as the rear end or the transmission support. Use a large cold chisel, pipe cutter, hacksaw, muffler cutter, or chain cutter to cut the old system at convenient points to make the exhaust assembly smaller.

    Although most exhaust systems use flanges or a slip joint and clamps to fasten the pipe to the muffler, a few use a welded connection. If the vehicle's system is welded, cut the pipe at the joint with a hacksaw or pipe cutter. The new pipe need not be welded to the muffler. An adapter, available with the pipe, can be used instead. When measuring the length for the new pipe, allow at least 2 inches (50.8 mm) for the adapter to enter the muffler.

    CAUTION
    Be sure to wear protective goggles to protect your eyes and work gloves to prevent cutting your hands on the rusted parts.

    When trying to replace a part in the exhaust system, you may run into parts that are rusted together. This is especially a problem when a pipe slips into another pipe or the muffler. If you are trying to reuse one of the parts, you should carefully use a cold chisel or slitting tool on the outer pipe of the rusted union.

    Removing a rusted-on muffler.

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