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    2006 Honda Civic GX 1.8L CNG SOHC 4cyl

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    2007 Jeep Compass

    Starter

    Print

    Removal & Installation



    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    4.  
    5. Remove the air intake assembly.
    6.  
    7. Remove the starter mounting bolt.
    8.  
    9. Disconnect the throttle body electrical connector.
    10.  
    11. Remove the throttle body. Refer to Throttle Body, removal & Installation.
    12.  
    13. Push the starter under the intake manifold.
    14.  
    15. Tip the nose of the starter toward the cooling module.
    16.  
    17. Disconnect the starter wiring.
    18.  
    19. Pull the starter up and out of the vehicle.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. View of starter location

    20.  

    To install:

    1. Connect the starter wiring. Tighten the battery cable nut to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Install the starter in the vehicle engine compartment and loosely place the starter into position.
    4.  
    5. Install the throttle body and throttle body bracket.
    6.  
    7. Install the starter mounting bolts and tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Connect the throttle body electrical connector.
    10.  
    11. Install the air intake assembly.
    12.  
    13. Connect the negative battery cable.
    14.  

    Solenoid Or Relay Replacement



    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    The starter solenoid is serviced with the starter motor.

    The starter relay is located in the Totally Integrated Power Module (TIPM) in the engine compartment. Refer to the TIPM cover for relay identification and location. The starter relay cannot be repaired or adjusted; if faulty or damaged, it must be replaced.

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    4.  
    5. Remove the cover from the TIPM for relay identification and location.
    6.  
    7. Remove the starter relay from the TIPM.
    8.  
    9. Installation is the reverse of removal.
    10.  

    Testing



    Cold Cranking Test

    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    The battery must be fully charged and load-tested before proceeding.

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Connect a volt-ampere tester to the battery terminals. See instructions provided by the manufacturer of the volt-ampere tester being used. Also, the tester current reading must be taken from the positive battery cable lead that connects to the starter motor.
    4.  
    5. Fully engage the parking brake.
    6.  
    7. Place the gearshift selector lever in the Park position.
    8.  
    9. Verify that all the lamps and accessories are turned OFF.
    10.  
    11. To prevent the engine from starting, remove the Automatic Shut Down (ASD) relay. The relay is located in the Power Distribution Center (PDC). Refer to the label on the PDC cover for the relay location.
    12.  
    13. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position.
      NOTE
      Cranking voltage and current (amperage) draw readings are shown on the volt-ampere tester.

    14.  
    15. If the voltage reads below 9.6 volts, refer to the Starter Motor test. If the starter motor is not OK, replace the faulty starter motor.
    16.  
    17. If voltage reads above 9.6 volts and the current (amperage) draw reads below specifications, refer to the Feed Circuit Test.
    18.  
    19. If the voltage reads 12.5 volts or greater and the starter motor does not turn, refer to Control Circuit Testing.
    20.  
    21. If the voltage reads 12.5 volts or greater and the starter motor turns very slowly, refer to the Feed Circuit Test.
      NOTE
      A cold engine will increase the starter current (amperage) draw reading and reduce the battery voltage reading.

    22.  

    Feed Circuit Test

    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    The starter feed circuit test (voltage drop method) will determine if there is excessive resistance in the high-amperage feed circuit.

    When performing these tests, it is important to remember that the voltage drop is giving an indication of resistance between two points at which the voltmeter probes are attached. Example: When testing resistance of a positive battery cable, touch the voltmeter leads to the positive battery cable clamp and the cable connector at the starter solenoid.

    If you probe the positive battery terminal post and the cable connector at the starter solenoid, you are reading the combined voltage drop in the positive battery cable clamp-to-terminal post connection and the positive battery cable.

    The following operation will require a voltmeter accurate to 0.10 volts. Before performing the tests, be certain that the following procedures are accomplished:



    The battery is fully-charged and load-tested
     
    The parking brake is fully engaged
     
    Place the gearshift selector lever in the Park position
     
    Verify that all lamps and accessories are turned OFF
     
    To prevent the engine from starting, remove the Automatic Shut Down (ASD) relay. The relay is located in Power Distribution Center (PDC). Refer to label on PDC cover for relay location
     

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the negative battery cable terminal post. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the negative battery cable clamp.
    4.  
    5. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position.
    6.  
    7. Observe the voltmeter. If voltage is detected, correct the poor contact between the cable clamp and the terminal post.
    8.  
    9. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the positive battery terminal post. Connect the negative lead of voltmeter to the battery positive cable clamp. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position. Observe the voltmeter. If voltage is detected, correct the poor contact between the cable clamp and the terminal post.
    10.  
    11. Connect the voltmeter to measure between the battery positive terminal post and the starter solenoid battery terminal stud. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position. Observe the voltmeter.
      1. If the reading is above 0.2 volt, clean and tighten the battery cable connection at the solenoid. Repeat the test.
      2.  
      3. If the reading is still above 0.2 volt, replace the faulty positive battery cable.
      4.  

    12.  
    13. Connect the voltmeter to measure between the negative battery terminal post and a good clean ground on the engine block. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position. Observe the voltmeter.
      1. If the reading is above 0.2 volt, clean and tighten the negative battery cable attachment on the engine block. Repeat the test.
      2.  
      3. If the reading is still above 0.2 volt, replace the faulty negative battery cable.
      4.  

    14.  
    15. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the starter housing. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the negative battery terminal post. Rotate and hold the ignition switch in the START position. Observe the voltmeter.
      1. If the reading is above 0.2 volt, correct the poor starter to engine block ground contact.
      2.  
      3. If the reading is above 0.2 volt, clean and tighten the battery cables. Repeat the test.
      4.  
      5. If the reading is still above 0.2 volt, replace the faulty positive battery cable.
      6.  

    16.  

    Starter Motor

    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    Correct starter motor operation can be confirmed by performing the following free running bench test. This test can only be performed with the starter motor removed from the vehicle.


    WARNING
    Permanent magnets are used in the starter. Permanent magnet starters are highly sensitive to hammering, shocks, external pressure, and reverse polarity. This starter motor must never be clamped in a vise by the starter field frame. The starter should only be clamped by a mounting flange. Do not reverse the battery cable connections to the starter motor when testing. The permanent magnets may be damaged and the starter rendered unserviceable if it is subjected to any of these conditions.

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Remove the starter motor from the vehicle.
    4.  
    5. Mount the starter motor securely in a soft-jawed bench vise. The vise jaws should be clamped on the mounting flange of the starter motor. Never clamp on the starter motor by the field frame.
    6.  
    7. Connect a suitable volt-ampere tester and a 12 volt battery to the starter motor in series, and set the ammeter to the 100 ampere scale. See instructions provided by the manufacturer of the volt-ampere tester being used.
    8.  
    9. Install a jumper wire from the solenoid terminal to the solenoid battery terminal. The starter motor should operate. If the starter motor fails to operate, replace the faulty starter motor assembly.
    10.  
    11. Adjust the carburetor on the pile load of a tester to obtain a free running test voltage.
    12.  
    13. Note the reading on the ammeter and compare the reading to the free running test maximum amperage draw.
    14.  
    15. If the ammeter reading exceeds the maximum amperage draw specification, replace the faulty starter motor assembly.
    16.  

    Starter Solenoid Testing

    Specific to:

    Jeep Compass 2007-2009

    Jeep Patriot 2007-2009

    This test can only be performed with the starter motor removed from the vehicle.

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    2.  
    3. Remove the starter motor from the vehicle.
    4.  
    5. Disconnect the wire from the solenoid field coil terminal.
    6.  
    7. Check for continuity between the solenoid terminal and the solenoid field coil terminal with a continuity tester. There should be continuity.
      1. If OK, go to Step 4.
      2.  
      3. If not OK, replace the faulty starter motor.
      4.  

    8.  
    9. Check for continuity between the solenoid terminal and the solenoid case. There should be continuity. If not OK, replace the faulty starter motor.
    10.  

     
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