9-3 1999

Timing Belt

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Inspection




NOTE
For manufacturers recommended service interval, refer to the maintenance interval chart located in this manual.

The average replacement interval for a timing belt is approximately 60,000 miles (96,000km). If, however, the timing belt is inspected earlier or more frequently than suggested, and shows signs of wear or defects, the belt should be replaced at that time.


WARNING
Never allow antifreeze, oil or solvents to come into with a timing belt. If this occurs immediately wash the solution from the timing belt. Also, never excessive bend or twist the timing belt; this can damage the belt so that its lifetime is severely shortened.



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Fig. Never bend or twist a timing belt excessively, and do not allow solvents, antifreeze, gasoline, acid or oil to come into contact with the belt

Inspect both sides of the timing belt. Replace the belt with a new one if any of the following conditions exist:



Hardening of the rubber-back side is glossy without resilience and leaves no indentation when pressed with a fingernail
 
Cracks on the rubber backing
 
Cracks or peeling of the canvas backing
 
Cracks on rib root
 
Cracks on belt sides
 
Missing teeth or chunks of teeth
 
Abnormal wear of belt sides-the sides are normal if they are sharp, as if cut by a knife
 

If none of these conditions exist, the belt does not need replacement unless it is at the recommended interval. The belt MUST be replaced at the recommended interval.


WARNING
On interference engines, it is very important to replace the timing belt at the recommended intervals, otherwise expensive engine damage will likely result if the belt fails.



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Fig. Broken tooth may be due to a damaged pulley



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Fig. Back surface worn or cracked from a possible overheated engine or interference with the belt cover



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Fig. Side wear from improper installation



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Fig. Worn teeth from excessive belt tension, camshaft or distributor not turning properly, or fluid leaking on the belt

Removal & Installation



3.0L Engine

WARNING
To avoid damage to the valves, DO NOT rotate the camshafts once the timing belt is removed from the engine. The crankshaft may only be turned between 0-60 degrees Before Top Dead Center (BTDC) when the camshafts are locked in position with the appropriate locking tool.

  1. Remove all necessary components for access to the timing cover, then remove the cover.
    NOTE
    When removing the crankshaft pulley, remove the 6 outer bolts only, DO NOT remove the center bolt.

  2.  
  3. Remove the crankshaft pulley.
  4.  
  5. Rotate the crankshaft to Top Dead Center (TDC) of No. 1 cylinder.
  6.  
  7. The timing marks on the crankshaft and camshafts should be in alignment with their respective marks on the engine. Install camshaft locking tools (such as Saab tools KM-800-1 for camshaft sprockets No. 1 and 2 and KM-800-2 for sprockets No. 3 and 4) and a flywheel locking tool (such as Saab tool 83-94-868).
  8.  
  9. Mark the direction of rotation of the timing belt for reassembly.
  10.  
  11. Release tension from and remove the timing belt. Loosen the timing belt adjuster bolts.
  12.  
  13. Rotate the crankshaft back to 60 degrees BTDC, to prevent damage to the valves.
  14.  
  15. Remove the bracket with the upper timing belt adjuster and tensioner rollers.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Remove the flywheel locking tool and install the flywheel inspection cover.
  2.  
  3. Install the bracket with the upper timing belt adjuster and tensioner pulleys.
  4.  
  5. Install both camshaft locking tools.
  6.  
  7. Rotate the crankshaft forward to just before 0 degrees TDC and install the crankshaft locking tool on the crankshaft. Carefully rotate the engine until the arm of the tool is against the water pump flange. Be sure the crankshaft is at 0 degrees TDC and all timing marks are aligned. Remove the locking tool.
  8.  
  9. If reusing the belt, fit the timing belt according to its marked direction of rotation and timing marks. Adjust the tensioning roller loosely by hand to prevent the belt from slipping out of the cogs. Always adjust counterclockwise.
  10.  
  11. Measure the belt tension with Saab tool 83-93-985.
  12.  
  13. Snug the center bolts of the adjusting rollers. Turn the lower adjusting roller counterclockwise, until a belt tension of 202-220 ft. lbs. (275-300 Nm) is reached. Tighten the adjusting roller center bolts to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
    NOTE
    This is a preliminary adjustment of the belt tension and must not be used as a check when the belt is finally adjusted.

  14.  
  15. Continue to carry out the adjustment by means of the tensioning roller, mark against mark. Remove the locking tool for camshaft sprockets No. 1 and 2. Carry out the final adjustment with the upper center adjusting roller until camshaft sprocket No. 2 moves 0.04-0.08 in. (1-2mm) forward.
  16.  
  17. Remove the locking tool for camshaft sprockets No. 3 and 4 and also remove the crankshaft locking tool.
  18.  
  19. Tighten the tensioning roller to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm). Tighten the upper adjusting roller to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm) and tighten the lower adjusting roller to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  20.  
  21. Rotate the engine 2 complete revolutions to just before 0 degrees TDC and install the locking tool on the crankshaft. Carefully turn the crankshaft until the arm of the locking tool is against the water pump flange and tighten the locking tool. Set Saab tool KM-800-20 into position. Be sure that the timing marks on the camshaft sprockets are aligned with the marks on the tool and that the edge of the timing belt is flush with the edge of the camshaft sprockets.
    NOTE
    Check that the alignment marks on the tensioner pulley are still aligned.

  22.  
  23. If necessary, install the crankshaft pulley and tighten the retaining bolts to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  24.  
  25. Install the timing belt cover, and tighten the bolts to 6 ft. lbs. (8 Nm). Install all of the remaining components in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
  26.  

 
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