AMC Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1975-1988 Repair Information

Shock Absorber

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2 and 3

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Fig. Fig. 1: To remove the shock absorber, unfasten the lower mounting bolts ...



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Fig. Fig. 2: ... then unfasten the upper bracket mounting bolts



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Fig. Fig. 3: Remove the bracket and shock assembly, then separate the shock from the bracket

When installing new shock absorbers, purge them of air by extending them in their normal position and compressing them while inverted. Do this several times. It is normal for there to be more resistance to extension than to compression.

Except Pacer

  1. Remove the two lower shock absorber attaching nuts. Remove the washers and the grommets.
  2.  
  3. Remove the upper mounting bracket nuts and bolts.
  4.  
  5. Remove the bracket, complete with shock.
  6.  
  7. Remove the upper attaching nut and separate the shock from the mounting bracket.
  8.  
  9. For adjustable shocks: To adjust the shock, compress the piston completely. Holding the upper part of the shock, turn the shock until the lower arrow is aligned with the desired setting. A click will be heard when the desired setting is reached.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Fit the grommets, washers, upper mounting bracket and nut on the shock, in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the nut to 8 ft.lb.
  2.  
  3. Fully extend the shock and install two grommets on the lower mounting studs.
  4.  
  5. Lower the shock through the hole in the wheel arch. Fit the lower attachment studs through the lower spring seat.
  6.  
  7. Install the grommets, washers, and nuts. Tighten the nuts to 15 ft.lb.
  8.  
  9. Secure the upper mounting bracket with its attachment nuts and bolts. Tighten them to 20 ft. lbs.
  10.  

Pacer

  1. Remove the shock absorber upper locknut.
  2.  
  3. Raise the car and remove the nuts from the lower shock absorber mounting studs.
  4.  
  5. Remove the shock along with the lower grommet and jounce bumper retainer from the shock absorber piston rod.
  6.  
  7. Install the retainer on the new shock and the lower grommet on the piston rod.
  8.  
  9. Extend the piston to full length and insert the shock through the lower control arm.
  10.  
  11. Install the locknuts on the lower mounting studs and lower the car.
  12.  
  13. Install the grommet, retainer, and locknut on the piston rod, making sure the grommet seats properly in the hole in the crossmember.
  14.  

 
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