Aspen 2007, Durango 2005-2007

Powertrain Control Module

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Operation



The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) is located in the engine compartment. The PCM is referred to as JTEC.

The PCM operates the fuel system. The PCM is a pre-programmed, triple microprocessor digital computer. It regulates ignition timing, air-fuel ratio, emission control devices, charging system, certain transmission features, speed control, air conditioning compressor clutch engagement and idle speed. The PCM can adapt its programming to meet changing operating conditions.

The PCM receives input signals from various switches and sensors. Based on these inputs, the PCM regulates various engine and vehicle operations through different system components. These components are referred to as Powertrain Control Module (PCM) Outputs. The sensors and switches that provide inputs to the PCM are considered Powertrain Control Module (PCM) Inputs.

The PCM adjusts ignition timing based upon inputs it receives from sensors that react to: engine rpm, manifold absolute pressure, engine coolant temperature, throttle position, transmission gear selection (automatic transmission), vehicle speed and the brake switch.

The PCM adjusts idle speed based on inputs it receives from sensors that react to: throttle position, vehicle speed, transmission gear selection, engine coolant temperature and from inputs it receives from the air conditioning clutch switch and brake switch.

Based on inputs that it receives, the PCM adjusts ignition coil dwell. The PCM also adjusts the generator charge rate through control of the generator field and provides speed control operation.

5-Volt Supplies

Two different Powertrain Control Module (PCM) 5-volt supply circuits are used; primary and secondary.

Ignition Circuit Sense

This circuit ties the ignition switch to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). Battery voltage is supplied to the PCM through the ignition switch when the ignition is in the Run or Start position. This is referred to as the ignition sense circuit and is used to wake up the PCM.

PCM Inputs


A/C request (if equipped with factory A/C)
 
A/C select (if equipped with factory A/C)
 
Auto shutdown (ASD) sense
 
Battery temperature
 
Battery voltage
 
Brake switch
 
CCD bus (+) circuits
 
CCD bus (-) circuits
 
Camshaft position sensor signal
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Data link connection for DRB scan tool
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Fuel level
 
Generator (battery voltage) output
 
Ignition circuit sense (ignition switch in on/off/crank/run position)
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Leak detection pump (switch) sense (if equipped)
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Oil pressure
 
Output shaft speed sensor
 
Overdrive/override switch
 
Oxygen sensors
 
Park/neutral switch (auto. trans. only)
 
Power ground
 
Sensor return
 
Signal ground
 
Speed control multiplexed single wire input
 
Throttle position sensor
 
Transmission governor pressure sensor
 
Transmission temperature sensor
 
Vehicle speed inputs from ABS or RWAL system
 

PCM Outputs


A/C clutch relay
 
Auto shutdown (ASD) relay
 
CCD bus (+/-) circuits for: speedometer, voltmeter, fuel gauge, oil pressure gauge/lamp, engine temperature gauge and speed control warning lamp
 
Data link connection for DRB scan tool
 
EGR valve control solenoid (if equipped)
 
EVAP canister purge solenoid
 
Five volt sensor supply (primary)
 
Five volt sensor supply (secondary)
 
Fuel injectors
 
Fuel pump relay
 
Generator field driver (-)
 
Generator field driver (+)
 
Generator lamp (if equipped)
 
Idle air control (IAC) motor
 
Ignition coil
 
Leak detection pump (if equipped)
 
Malfunction indicator lamp (Check engine lamp); driven through CCD circuits
 
Overdrive indicator lamp (if equipped)
 
Radiator cooling fan (2.5L engine only)
 
Speed control vacuum solenoid
 
Speed control vent solenoid
 
Tachometer (if equipped). Driven through CCD circuits.
 
Transmission converter clutch circuit
 
Transmission 34 shift solenoid
 
Transmission relay
 
Transmission temperature lamp (if equipped)
 
Transmission variable force solenoid
 

Primary 5volt Supplies:


The required 5-volt power source to the Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor.
 
The required 5-volt power source to the Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor.
 
A reference voltage for the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor.
 
A reference voltage for the Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) sensor.
 

Secondary 5volt Supplies:


The required 5-volt power source to the oil pressure sensor.
 
The required 5-volt power source for the Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) (if equipped).
 
The 5-volt power source to the transmission pressure sensor (if equipped with an RE automatic transmission).
 

Ignition Circuit Sense

The ignition circuit sense input tells the PCM the ignition switch has energized the ignition circuit.

Battery voltage is also supplied to the PCM through the ignition switch when the ignition is in the RUN or START position. This is referred to as the ignition sense circuit and is used to wake up the PCM.

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Fig.

PCM Operating Modes



As input signals to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) change, the PCM adjusts its response to the output devices. The PCM will operate in two different modes: Open Loop and Closed Loop.

During Open Loop modes, the PCM receives input signals and responds only according to preset PCM programming. Input from the oxygen (O2S) sensors is not monitored during Open Loop modes.

During Closed Loop modes, the PCM will monitor the oxygen (O2S) sensors input. This input indicates to the PCM whether or not the calculated injector pulse width results in the ideal air-fuel ratio. This ratio is 14.7 parts air-to-1 part fuel. By monitoring the exhaust oxygen content through the O2S sensor, the PCM can fine-tune the injector pulse width. This is done to achieve optimum fuel economy combined with low emission engine performance.

The fuel injection system has the following modes of operation:



Ignition switch ON
 
Engine start-up (crank)
 
Engine warm-up
 
Idle
 
Cruise
 
Acceleration
 
Deceleration
 
Wide open throttle (WOT)
 
Ignition switch OFF
 

The ignition switch On, engine start-up (crank), engine warm-up, acceleration, deceleration and wide open throttle modes are Open Loop modes. The idle and cruise modes, (with the engine at operating temperature) are Closed Loop modes.

  1. Install or connect the following:


  2.  

This is an Open Loop mode. When the fuel system is activated by the ignition switch, the following actions occur:



The PCM pre-positions the idle air control (IAC) motor.
 
The PCM determines atmospheric air pressure from the MAP sensor input to determine basic fuel strategy.
 
The PCM monitors the engine coolant temperature sensor input. The PCM modifies fuel strategy based on this input.
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor input is monitored.
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS) is monitored.
 
The auto shutdown (ASD) relay is energized by the PCM for approximately three seconds.
 
The fuel pump is energized through the fuel pump relay by the PCM. The fuel pump will operate for approximately three seconds unless the engine is operating or the starter motor is engaged.
 
The O2S sensor heater element is energized via the ASD relay. The O2S sensor input is not used by the PCM to calibrate air-fuel ratio during this mode of operation.
 

  1. Install or connect the following:


  2.  

This is an Open Loop mode. The following actions occur when the starter motor is engaged.

The PCM receives inputs from:



Battery voltage
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Starter motor relay
 
Camshaft position sensor signal
 

The PCM monitors the crankshaft position sensor. If the PCM does not receive a crankshaft position sensor signal within 3 seconds of cranking the engine, it will shut down the fuel injection system. The fuel pump is activated by the PCM through the fuel pump relay.

Voltage is applied to the fuel injectors with the ASD relay via the PCM. The PCM will then control the injection sequence and injector pulse width by turning the ground circuit to each individual injector on and off. The PCM determines the proper ignition timing according to input received from the crankshaft position sensor.

  1. Install or connect the following:


  2.  

This is an Open Loop mode. During engine warm-up, the PCM receives inputs from:



Battery voltage
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Camshaft position sensor signal (in the distributor)
 
Park/neutral switch (gear indicator signalauto. trans. only)
 
Air conditioning select signal (if equipped)
 
Air conditioning request signal (if equipped)
 

Based on these inputs the following occurs:



Voltage is applied to the fuel injectors with the ASD relay via the PCM. The PCM will then control the injection sequence and injector pulse width by turning the ground circuit to each individual injector on and off.
 
The PCM adjusts engine idle speed through the idle air control (IAC) motor and adjusts ignition timing.
 
The PCM operates the A/C compressor clutch through the clutch relay. This is done if the vehicle operator has selected A/C and requested by the A/C thermostat.
 
When engine has reached operating temperature, the PCM will begin monitoring O2S sensor input. The system will then leave the warm-up mode and go into closed loop operation.
 

Acceleration Mode

This is an Open Loop mode. The PCM recognizes an abrupt increase in throttle position or MAP pressure as a demand for increased engine output and vehicle acceleration. The PCM increases injector pulse width in response to increased throttle opening.

Cruise Mode

When the engine is at operating temperature, this is a Closed Loop mode. At cruising speed, the PCM receives inputs from:



Air conditioning select signal (if equipped)
 
Air conditioning request signal (if equipped)
 
Battery voltage
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Camshaft position sensor signal (in the distributor)
 
Park/neutral switch (gear indicator signalauto. trans. only)
 
Oxygen (O2S) sensors
 

Based on these inputs, the following occurs:



Voltage is applied to the fuel injectors with the ASD relay via the PCM. The PCM will then adjust the injector pulse width by turning the ground circuit to each individual injector on and off.
 
The PCM monitors the O2S sensor input and adjusts air-fuel ratio. It also adjusts engine idle speed through the idle air control (IAC) motor.
 
The PCM adjusts ignition timing by turning the ground path to the coil on and off.
 
The PCM operates the A/C compressor clutch through the clutch relay. This happens if A/C has been selected by the vehicle operator and requested by the A/C thermostat.
 

Deceleration Mode

When the engine is at operating temperature, this is an Open Loop mode. During hard deceleration, the PCM receives the following inputs:



Air conditioning select signal (if equipped)
 
Air conditioning request signal (if equipped)
 
Battery voltage
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Camshaft position sensor signal (in the distributor)
 
Park/neutral switch (gear indicator signalauto. trans. only)
 
Vehicle speed sensor
 

If the vehicle is under hard deceleration with the proper rpm and closed throttle conditions, the PCM will ignore the oxygen sensor input signal. The PCM will enter a fuel cut-off strategy in which it will not supply a ground to the injectors. If a hard deceleration does not exist, the PCM will determine the proper injector pulse width and continue injection.

Based on the above inputs, the PCM will adjust engine idle speed through the idle air control (IAC) motor.

The PCM adjusts ignition timing by turning the ground path to the coil on and off.

Idle Mode

When the engine is at operating temperature, this is a Closed Loop mode. At idle speed, the PCM receives inputs from:



Air conditioning select signal (if equipped)
 
Air conditioning request signal (if equipped)
 
Battery voltage
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Camshaft position sensor signal (in the distributor)
 
Battery voltage
 
Park/neutral switch (gear indicator signalauto. trans. only)
 
Oxygen sensors
 

Based on these inputs, the following occurs:



Voltage is applied to the fuel injectors with the ASD relay via the PCM. The PCM will then control injection sequence and injector pulse width by turning the ground circuit to each individual injector on and off.
 
The PCM monitors the O2S sensor input and adjusts air-fuel ratio by varying injector pulse width. It also adjusts engine idle speed through the idle air control (IAC) motor.
 
The PCM adjusts ignition timing by increasing and decreasing spark advance.
 
The PCM operates the A/C compressor clutch through the clutch relay. This happens if A/C has been selected by the vehicle operator and requested by the A/C thermostat.
 

Ignition Switch Off Mode

When ignition switch is turned to OFF position, the PCM stops operating the injectors, ignition coil, ASD relay and fuel pump relay.

Power Grounds

The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) has 2 main grounds. Both of these grounds are referred to as power grounds. All of the high-current, noisy, electrical devices are connected to these grounds as well as all of the sensor returns. The sensor return comes into the sensor return circuit, passes through noise suppression, and is then connected to the power ground.

The power ground is used to control ground circuits for the following PCM loads:



Generator field winding
 
Fuel injectors
 
Ignition coil(s)
 
Certain relays/solenoids
 
Certain sensors
 

Sensor Return

The Sensor Return circuits are internal to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM).

Sensor Return provides a lownoise ground reference for all engine control system sensors.

Signal Ground

Signal ground provides a low noise ground to the data link connector.

Wide Open Throttle Mode

This is an Open Loop mode. During wide open throttle operation, the PCM receives the following inputs:



Battery voltage
 
Crankshaft position sensor
 
Engine coolant temperature sensor
 
Intake manifold air temperature sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
 
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
 
Camshaft position sensor signal (in the distributor)
 

During wide open throttle conditions, the following occurs:



Voltage is applied to the fuel injectors with the ASD relay via the PCM. The PCM will then control the injection sequence and injector pulse width by turning the ground circuit to each individual injector on and off. The PCM ignores the oxygen sensor input signal and provides a predetermined amount of additional fuel. This is done by adjusting injector pulse width.
 
The PCM adjusts ignition timing by turning the ground path to the coil on and off.
 

Removal & Installation




NOTE
Use the proper scan tool to reprogram the new powertrain control module (PCM) with the vehicles original identification number (VIN) and the vehicles original mileage. If this step is not done, a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) may be set.


WARNING
To avoid possible voltage spike damage to the PCM, ignition key must be off, and negative battery cable must be disconnected before unplugging PCM connectors.

  1. Disconnect and isolate the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cover over the electrical connectors.
  4.  
  5. Carefully unplug the three 32way connectors (four 38way connectors if equipped with NGC) from PCM.
  6.  
  7. Remove the PCM mounting bolts and remove the PCM from vehicle.
  8.  

To Install:


NOTE
Use the proper scan tool to reprogram the new powertrain control module (PCM) with the vehicles original identification number (VIN) and the vehicles original mileage. If this step is not done, a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) may be set.

  1. Install the PCM and mounting bolts to vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Tighten bolts to 35 Nm (3040 inch lbs.).
  4.  
  5. Check pin connectors in the PCM. Also check the three 32way connectors (four 38way connectors if equipped with NGC) for corrosion or damage. Repair as necessary.
  6.  
  7. Install the three 32way connectors (four 38way connectors if equipped with NGC) to PCM.
  8.  
  9. Install the cover over electrical connectors.
  10.  
  11. Reconnect the negative battery cable.
  12.  

 
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