Audi Cars 1999-05

Removal & Installation

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Inner Steering Rods



  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  6.  
  7. On models with the 5-valve engine, remove the air cleaner and intake pipe.
  8.  
  9. If removing the left tie rod on models equipped with the 1.8L engine, remove the heat shield.
  10.  
  11. Remove the tie rod cover by prying out the clips and removing the nut.
  12.  
  13. Open the steering rack boot clamps.
  14.  
  15. Remove the cap bolt from the top of the tie rod end, counting the number of revolutions needed for removal, then loosen and remove the pinch bolt and self locking nut.
  16.  
  17. Separate the outer tie rod end from the bearing housing (knuckle) using an appropriate tie rod end removal tool.
  18.  
  19. Slide the steering boot outward as far as possible and using a suitable size crow's foot and extension, loosen and remove the inner steering rod.
  20.  
  21. If replacing the inner steering rod and reusing the tie rod end;
  22.  
    1. Matchmark the steering rod to tie rod end lock nut and tie rod end.
    2.  
    3. Counter hold the steering rod.
    4.  
    5. Loosen the lock nut one turn.
    6.  
    7. Move the steering rod back and forth to make sure it is free. If necessary spray a penetrating lubricant onto the threads to loosen it.
    8.  
    9. Counter hold the steering rod and counting the number of revolutions for removal, remove the outer tie rod end.
    10.  


To install:

  1. Install the inner steering rod and torque to:
  2.  


    Inner steering rod-to-steering rack: 74 ft. lbs. (100 Nm)
     

  3. Inspect the steering boots and replace as necessary. Make sure the boots are not twisted during assembly. Apply a light coating of grease between the boot and the steering rod to help prevent the boot from twisting during an alignment procedure.
  4.  
  5. If tie rod end was removed;
  6.  
    1. Thread the jam nut and outer tie rod end onto the steering rod the same number of turns as the previously removed part. Make sure there is a sufficient length of the steering rod installed into the tie rod end.
    2.  

  7. Install the spindle of the outer tie rod end into the bearing housing (knuckle) and install the cap bolt the same number of revolutions counted during removal.
  8.  
  9. Install the pinch bolt and self locking nut and tighten to specification, the tighten the cap bolt as follows:
  10.  

Tie rod end-to-bearing housing (knuckle):



Pinch bolt and nut (replace nut): 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm)
 
Cap bolt: 62 inch lbs. (7 Nm)
 

  1. Counter hold the steering rod and thread the jam nut until it contacts the tie rod end, then counter hold the tie rod end and tighten the jam nut to:
  2.  


    Steering rod-to-tie rod end nut: 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
     

  3. The balance of the installation is in reverse order of removal noting the following:
  4.  
  5. Check and adjust the wheel alignment as necessary.
  6.  

Tie Rod Ends




WARNING
The following procedures will require the vehicle's alignment to be checked and if necessary, adjusted. This should be done by a professional with proper resources and equipment. Failure to recheck the alignment could cause poor handling and loss of control resulting in vehicle damage and bodily injury.

  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  6.  
  7. Matchmark the steering rod to tie rod end lock nut and tie rod end.
  8.  
  9. Counter hold the steering rod.
  10.  
  11. Loosen the lock nut one turn.
  12.  
  13. Move the steering rod back and forth to make sure it is free. If necessary spray a penetrating lubricant onto the threads to loosen it.
  14.  
  15. Matchmark the tie rod end spindle height-to-bearing housing. (Note: this adjustment affects the raised toe)
  16.  
  17. Remove the cap bolt from the top of the tie rod end, counting the number of revolutions needed for removal, then loosen and remove the pinch bolt and self-locking nut.
  18.  
  19. Separate the outer tie rod end from the bearing housing (knuckle) using an appropriate tie rod end removal tool.
  20.  
  21. Counter hold the steering rod and counting the number of revolutions for removal, remove the outer tie rod end.
  22.  

To install:

  1. Clean the threads on the inner tie rod spindle (front wheel spindle connecting rod).
  2.  
  3. If identical, thread the replacement outer tie rod end onto the steering rod the same number of turns as the previously removed part. If the replacement part is not identical, thread it onto the steering rod until it bottoms against the jam nut, then back off one turn. Make sure there is a sufficient length of the steering rod installed into the tie rod end.
  4.  
  5. Install the spindle of the outer tie rod end into the bearing housing (knuckle) and install the cap bolt the same number of revolutions counted during removal.
  6.  
  7. Install the pinch bolt and self locking nut and tighten to specification, the tighten the cap bolt as follows:
  8.  

Tie rod end-to-bearing housing (knuckle):



Pinch bolt and nut (replace nut): 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm)
 
Cap bolt: 62 inch lbs. (7 Nm)
 

  1. Counter hold the steering rod and thread the jam nut until it contacts the tie rod end, then counter hold the tie rod end and tighten the jam nut to:
  2.  


    Steering rod-to-tie rod end nut: 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
     

  3. Reinstall the wheel and tire assembly. Torque the lug bolts in a three step crisscross patter to:
  4.  

Lug bolts:



M14 x 1.5: 89 ft. lbs. (120 Nm)
 

  1. Reconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Check the alignment and set the toe and toe raised adjustment as necessary.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Use a suitable tie rod end removal tool to release the tapered shaft from the bearing housing/knuckle assembly



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. When reinstalling a tie rod end, locking pliers can be used to keep the tapered spindle seated and prevent it from spinning freely

 
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