Avenger, Sebring Coupe, Stratus Coupe, 1999-2006

Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor

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Operation



The MAP sensor mounts to the driver side of the intake manifold plenum. The MAP serves as a PCM input, using a silicon based sensing unit, to provide data on the manifold vacuum that draws the air/fuel mixture into the combustion chamber. The PCM requires this information to determine injector pulse width and spark advance. When MAP equals Barometric pressure, the pulse width will be at maximum.

Also, like the cam and crank sensors, a 5-volt reference is supplied from the PCM and returns a voltage signal to the PCM that reflects manifold pressure. The zero pressure reading is 0.5V and full scale is 4.5V. For a pressure swing of 0 - 15 psi the voltage changes 4.0V. The sensor is supplied a regulated 4.8 to 5.1 volts to operate the sensor. Like the cam and crank sensors ground is provided through the sensor return circuit.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig.

The MAP sensor mounts to the driver side of the intake manifold plenum. The MAP serves as a PCM input, using a silicon based sensing unit, to provide data on the manifold vacuum that draws the air/fuel mixture into the combustion chamber. The PCM requires this information to determine injector pulse width and spark advance. When MAP equals Barometric pressure, the pulse width will be at maximum.

Also, like the cam and crank sensors, a 5-volt reference is supplied from the PCM and returns a voltage signal to the PCM that reflects manifold pressure. The zero pressure reading is 0.5V and full scale is 4.5V. For a pressure swing of 0-15 psi the voltage changes 4.0V. The sensor is supplied a regulated 4.8 to 5.1 volts to operate the sensor. Like the cam and crank sensors ground is provided through the sensor return circuit.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig.

The Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor serves as a Powertrain Control Module (PCM) input, using a silicon-based sensing unit, to provide data on the manifold vacuum that draws the air/fuel mixture into the combustion chamber. The PCM requires this information to determine injector pulse width and spark advance. When MAP equals Barometric pressure, the pulse width will be at maximum.

Also, like the camshaft and crankshaft sensors, a 5-volt reference is supplied from the PCM and returns a voltage signal to the PCM that reflects manifold pressure. The zero pressure reading is 0.5 volt and full scale is 4.5 volts. For a pressure swing of 0-15 psi, the voltage changes 4.0 volts. The sensor is supplied a regulated 4.8-5.1 volts to operate the sensor. Like the camshaft and crankshaft sensors, ground is provided through the sensor return circuit.

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor (1)

The MAP sensor input is the number one contributor to pulse width. The most important function of the MAP sensor is to determine barometric pressure. The PCM needs to know if the vehicle is at sea level or is it in Denver at 5000 feet above sea level, because the air density changes with altitude. It will also help to correct for varying weather conditions. If a hurricane was coming through the pressure would be very, very low or there could be a real fair weather, high-pressure area. This is important because as air pressure changes the barometric pressure changes.

Barometric pressure and altitude have a direct inverse correlation, as altitude goes up barometric goes down. The first thing that happens as the key is rolled on, before reaching the crank position, the PCM powers up, comes around and looks at the MAP voltage, and based upon the voltage it sees, it knows the current barometric pressure relative to altitude. Once the engine starts, the PCM looks at the voltage again, continuously every 12 milliseconds, and compares the current voltage to what it was at key ON. The difference between current and what it was at key on is manifold vacuum.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig.

During key ON (engine not running) the sensor reads (updates) barometric pressure. A normal range can be obtained by monitoring known good sensor in your work area.

As the altitude increases the air becomes thinner (less oxygen). If a vehicle is started and driven to a very different altitude than where it was at Key On, the barometric pressure needs to be updated. Any time the PCM sees Wide Open throttle, based upon TPS angle and RPM it will update barometric pressure in the MAP memory cell. With periodic updates, the PCM can make its calculations more effectively.

The PCM uses the MAP sensor to aid in calculating the following:



Barometric pressure
 
Engine load
 
Manifold pressure
 
Injector pulse-width
 
Spark-advance programs
 
Shift-point strategies (F4AC1 transmissions only, via the CCD bus)
 
Idle speed
 
Decel fuel shutoff
 

The MAP sensor signal is provided from a single piezo-resistive element located in the center of a diaphragm. The element and diaphragm are both made of silicone. As the pressures changes the diaphragm moves causing the element to deflect which stresses the silicone. When silicone is exposed to stress its resistance changes. As manifold vacuum increases, the MAP sensor input voltage decreases proportionally. The sensor also contains electronics that condition the signal and provide temperature compensation.

The PCM recognizes a decrease in manifold pressure by monitoring a decrease in voltage from the reading stored in the barometric pressure memory cell. The MAP sensor is a linear sensor; as pressure changes, voltage changes proportionately. The range of voltage output from the sensor is usually between 4.6 volts at sea level to as low as 0.3 volts at 26 in. of Hg. Barometric pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere upon an object. At sea level on a standard day, no storm, barometric pressure is 29.92 in Hg. For every 100 feet of altitude barometric pressure drops 0.10 in. Hg. If a storm goes through it can either add, high-pressure, or decrease, low pressure, from what should be present for that altitude. You should make a habit of knowing what the average pressure and corresponding barometric pressure is for your area. Always use the Diagnostic Test Procedures for MAP sensor Testing.

The MAP sensor input is the number one contributor to pulse width. The most important function of the MAP sensor is to determine barometric pressure. The PCM needs to know if the vehicle is at sea level or is it in Denver at 5000 feet above sea level, because the air density changes with altitude. It will also help to correct for varying weather conditions. If a hurricane was coming through the pressure would be very, very low or there could be a real fair weather, high-pressure area. This is important because as air pressure changes the barometric pressure changes.

Barometric pressure and altitude have a direct inverse correlation, as altitude goes up barometric goes down. The first thing that happens as the key is rolled on, before reaching the crank position, the PCM powers up, comes around and looks at the MAP voltage, and based upon the voltage it sees, it knows the current barometric pressure relative to altitude. Once the engine starts, the PCM looks at the voltage again, continuously every 12 milliseconds, and compares the current voltage to what it was at key ON. The difference between current and what it was at key on is manifold vacuum.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig.

During key ON (engine not running) the sensor reads (updates) barometric pressure. A normal range can be obtained by monitoring known good sensor in your work area.

As the altitude increases the air becomes thinner (less oxygen). If a vehicle is started and driven to a very different altitude than where it was at Key On, the barometric pressure needs to be updated. Any time the PCM sees Wide Open throttle, based upon TPS angle and RPM it will update barometric pressure in the MAP memory cell. With periodic updates, the PCM can make its calculations more effectively.

The PCM uses the MAP sensor to aid in calculating the following:



Barometric pressure
 
Engine load
 
Manifold pressure
 
Injector pulse-width
 
Spark-advance programs
 
Shift-point strategies (F4AC1 transmissions only, via the CCD bus)
 
Idle speed
 
Decel fuel shutoff
 

The MAP sensor signal is provided from a single piezo-resistive element located in the center of a diaphragm. The element and diaphragm are both made of silicone. As the pressures changes the diaphragm moves causing the element to deflect which stresses the silicone. When silicone is exposed to stress its resistance changes. As manifold vacuum increases, the MAP sensor input voltage decreases proportionally. The sensor also contains electronics that condition the signal and provide temperature compensation.

The PCM recognizes a decrease in manifold pressure by monitoring a decrease in voltage from the reading stored in the barometric pressure memory cell. The MAP sensor is a linear sensor; as pressure changes, voltage changes proportionately. The range of voltage output from the sensor is usually between 4.6 volts at sea level to as low as 0.3 volts at 26 in. of Hg. Barometric pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere upon an object. At sea level on a standard day, no storm, barometric pressure is 29.92 in Hg. For every 100 feet of altitude barometric pressure drops 0.10 in. Hg. If a storm goes through it can either add, high-pressure, or decrease, low pressure, from what should be present for that altitude. You should make a habit of knowing what the average pressure and corresponding barometric pressure is for your area. Always use the Diagnostic Test Procedures for MAP sensor Testing.

Removal & Installation



  1. Remove the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the MAP sensor.
  4.  
  5. Remove sensor.
  6.  

To Install:

  1. The sensor mounts onto intake manifold plenum. Tighten screws to 4.5 Nm (40 inch lbs.) torque.
  2.  
  3. Attach electrical connector to sensor.
  4.  
  5. Install the negative battery cable.
  6.  

  1. Remove the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the MAP sensor.
  4.  
  5. Remove sensor.
  6.  

To Install:

  1. The sensor mounts onto intake manifold plenum. Tighten screws to 4.5 Nm (40 inch lbs.) torque.
  2.  
  3. Attach electrical connector to sensor.
  4.  
  5. Install the negative battery cable.
  6.  

2.4L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the electrical connector from the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor.
  6.  
  7. Remove the 2 screws holding the sensor to the intake manifold.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Install the sensor.
  2.  
  3. Install the 2 screws and tighten.
  4.  
  5. Connect the electrical connector to the MAP sensor.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  

2.7L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the electrical connector from the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor.
  6.  
  7. Remove the bolt from the MAP sensor.
  8.  
  9. Remove the MAP sensor.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Mount the MAP sensor onto the intake manifold plenum. Tighten the screws to 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm) torque.
  2.  
  3. Attach the electrical connector to the MAP sensor.
  4.  
  5. Connect the negative battery cable.
  6.  

Testing



  1. Turn the ignition OFF.
  2.  
  3. Using the wiring diagram/schematic as a guide, inspect the wiring and connectors between the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor and the PCM.
  4.  
  5. Look for any chafed, pierced, pinched, or partially broken wires.
  6.  
  7. Look for broken, bent, pushed out, or corroded terminals.
  8.  
  9. Turn the ignition ON.
  10.  
  11. Monitor the scan tool data relative to the sensor and wiggle test the wiring and connectors.
  12.  
  13. Look for the data to change or for a DTC to set during the wiggle test. If necessary, check each sensor circuit for high resistance or a shorted condition.
  14.  
  15. With a scan tool, read the Barometric Pressure. The Barometric Pressure should be approximately equal to the actual barometric pressure. If necessary, compare the Barometric Pressure value of the tested vehicle to the value of a known good vehicle of a similar make and model.
  16.  
  17. Connect a vacuum gauge to a manifold vacuum source and start the engine.
  18.  
  19. With the scan tool, read the MAP Sensor vacuum. The scan tool reading for MAP vacuum should be within 1 inch of the vacuum gauge reading.
  20.  
  21. With the scan tool, monitor the MAP Sensor signal voltage. With the engine idling in neutral or park, snap the throttle. The MAP Sensor signal voltage should change from below 2.0 volts at idle to above 3.5 volts at wide open throttle.
  22.  

 
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