BMW 318/325/M3/525/535/M5 1989-1993 Repair Information

Steering Linkage

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Tie Rod
E30 3 SERIES
  1. Raise and support them front of the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the tie rod nut at the steering arm. Disconnect the tie rod from the steering arm with a tie rod end removal press.
  4.  
  5. Remove the straps around the rack dust boot and push the boot back to expose the rack connection.
  6.  
  7. Use pliers to push back the lock plate. Use tool 32 2 100 or equivalent, to loosen and remove the tie rod from the rack.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install a new lock plate. Install a new dust boot, if necessary. Torque the tie rod joint to 54 ft. lbs. (75 Nm). The boss must fit into the groove on the rack. Use pliers to bend the lock plate over the flats on the nut.
  2.  
  3. Install new straps to hold the dust boot in place.
  4.  
  5. Install the tie rod to the steering knuckle. Clean the bore and the stud before assembly. Torque the nut to 23-29 ft. lbs. (33-40 Nm). Do not use a locknut on a tie rod that has a hole for a cotter pin. If originally equipped with a locknut, use a new locknut for installation.
  6.  
  7. Have the alignment check and adjusted.
  8.  

E36 3 SERIES
  1. Raise and support them front of the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the tie rod nut at the steering arm. Disconnect the tie rod from the steering arm with a tie rod end removal press.
  4.  
  5. Remove the straps around the rack dust boot and push the boot back to expose the rack connection.
  6.  
  7. Use pliers to push back the lock plate. Use tool 32 2 100 or equivalent, to loosen and remove the tie rod from the rack.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install a new lock plate. Install a new dust boot, if necessary. Torque the tie rod joint to 54 ft. lbs. (75 Nm). The boss must fit into the groove on the rack. Use pliers to bend the lock plate over the flats on the nut.
  2.  
  3. Install new straps to hold the dust boot in place.
  4.  
  5. Install the tie rod to the steering knuckle. Clean the bore and the stud before assembly. Torque the nut to 23-29 ft. lbs. (33-40 Nm). Do not use a locknut on a tie rod that has a hole for a cotter pin. If originally equipped with a locknut, use a new locknut for installation.
  6.  
  7. Have the alignment checked and adjusted.
  8.  

E34 5 Series
  1. Raise and safely support the front end. Do not place the jackstands under any suspension parts. Remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the 3 bolts holding the steering knuckle to the bottom of the strut.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tie rod nut and press the stud out of the steering knuckle with a tie rod remover tool.
  6.  
  7. Remove the tie rod nut and press the stud out of the control arm with a tie rod remover tool.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Clean the grease and dirt off of the ball joint stud and bore. Install the tie rod stud into the steering knuckle and control arm. Torque the new nut to 67 ft. lbs. (93 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Clean the threads and bores of the steering knuckle mounting bolts and the strut housing. Install the bolts, using threadlocker, and torque to 80 ft. lbs. (110 Nm). There is a groove that will align the strut and knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Install the wheel and lower the vehicle to the ground. Have the alignment checked and adjusted.
  6.  

Center Link
  1. Raise and support the front end of the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the joint nuts and press the studs out of the center link with a tie rod removal tool.
  4.  
  5. Check the length between the studs. It should be 21.023 in. (534mm).
  6.  
  7. Install the center link. Clean the bores and studs. Use new nuts and torque to 23-29 ft. lbs. (33-40 Nm). Do not use a locknut on a tie rod that has a hole for a cotter pin. If originally equipped with a locknut, use a new locknut for installation.
  8.  
  9. Have the alignment checked and adjusted.
  10.  

Idler Arm
  1. Raise and support the front end of the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the center link ball joint nut and press the stud out of the center link with a tie rod removal tool.
  4.  
  5. Remove the nut and bolt holding the idler arm. Remove the idler arm taking note of the positioning of the washer between the arm and the subframe. The bushing can be pressed out and replaced.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Install the idler arm and torque the nut to 30 ft. lbs. (42 Nm) if it is M10 or 61 ft. lbs. (85 Nm) if it is M12.
  2.  
  3. Clean the bores and studs. Use new nuts and torque the center link ball joint to 23-29 ft. lbs. (33-40 Nm). Do not use a locknut on a joint that has a hole for a cotter pin. If originally equipped with a locknut, use a new locknut for installation.
  4.  
  5. Have the alignment checked and adjusted.
  6.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo