BMW Cars 1999-06

2.8L L6 - Std 2

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Trouble Code: P0412



Secondary Air Injection Solenoid Circuit Malfunction

Possible Causes:



AIR solenoid power circuit (B+) is open (check dedicated fuse)
 
AIR bypass solenoid control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
AIR diverter solenoid control circuit open or shorted to ground
 
AIR pump control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
Check valve (one or more) is damaged or leaking
 
Solid State relay is damaged or it has failed
 

Trouble Code: P0420



Catalyst System Efficiency (Bank 1) Below Threshold

Possible Causes:



Air leaks at the exhaust manifold or in the exhaust pipes
 
Catalytic converter is damaged, contaminated or it has failed
 
ECT/CHT sensor has lost its calibration (the signal is incorrect)
 
Engine cylinders misfiring, or the ignition timing is over retarded
 
Engine oil is contaminated
 
Front HO2S or rear HO2S is contaminated with fuel or moisture
 
Front HO2S and/or the rear HO2S is loose in the mounting hole
 
Front HO2S much older than the rear HO2S (HO2S-11 is lazy)
 
Fuel system pressure is too high (check the pressure regulator)
 
Rear HO2S wires improperly connected or the HO2S has failed
 

Trouble Code: P0430



Catalyst System Efficiency (Bank 2) Below Threshold

Possible Causes:



Air leaks at the exhaust manifold or in the exhaust pipes
 
Catalytic converter is damaged, contaminated or it has failed
 
ECT/CHT sensor has lost its calibration (the signal is incorrect)
 
Engine cylinders misfiring, or the ignition timing is over retarded
 
Engine oil is contaminated
 
Front HO2S or rear HO2S is contaminated with fuel or moisture
 
Front HO2S and/or the rear HO2S is loose in the mounting hole
 
Front HO2S much older than the rear HO2S (HO2S-11 is lazy)
 
Fuel system pressure is too high (check the pressure regulator)
 
Rear HO2S wires improperly connected or the HO2S has failed
 

Trouble Code: P0440



EVAP System Malfunction

Possible Causes:



EVAP canister purge valve is damaged
 
EVAP canister has an improper seal
 
Vapor line between purge solenoid and intake manifold vacuum reservoir is damaged, or vapor line between EVAP canister purge solenoid and charcoal canister is damaged
 
Vapor line between charcoal canister and check valve, or vapor line between check valve and fuel vapor valves is damaged
 

Trouble Code: P0441



EVAP Control System Incorrect Purge Flow

Possible Causes:



EVAP canister purge valve is damaged
 
EVAP canister has an improper seal
 
Vapor line between purge solenoid and intake manifold vacuum reservoir is damaged, or vapor line between EVAP canister purge solenoid and charcoal canister is damaged
 
Vapor line between charcoal canister and check valve, or vapor line between check valve and fuel vapor valves is damaged
 

Trouble Code: P0442



EVAP Control System Small Leak Detected

Possible Causes:



Aftermarket EVAP parts that do not conform to specifications
 
CV solenoid remains partially open when commanded to close
 
EVAP component seals leaking (i.e., leaks in the Purge valve, fuel tank pressure sensor, canister vent solenoid, fuel vapor control valve tube assembly or fuel vapor vent valve).
 
Fuel filler cap damaged, cross-threaded or loosely installed
 
Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP components
 
Small holes or cuts in fuel vapor hoses or EVAP canister tubes
 

Trouble Code: P0443



EVAP Vapor Management Valve Circuit Malfunction

Possible Causes:



EVAP power supply circuit is open
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is shorted to power (B+)
 
EVAP solenoid valve is damaged or it has failed
 

Trouble Code: P0446



EVAP Control System Large Leak Detected

Possible Causes:



Aftermarket EVAP hardware non-conforming to specifications
 
EVAP canister tube, EVAP canister purge outlet tube or EVAP return tube disconnected or cracked, or canister is damaged
 
EVAP canister purge valve stuck closed, or canister damaged
 
Fuel filler cap missing, loose (not tightened) or the wrong part
 
Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP components
 
Canister vent (CV) solenoid stuck open
 
Fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor has failed mechanically
 

Trouble Code: P0451



Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor

Possible Causes:



EVAP power supply circuit is open
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is shorted to power (B+)
 
EVAP solenoid valve is damaged or it has failed
 
EVAP canister has a leak or a poor seal
 

Trouble Code: P0455



EVAP Control System Large Leak Detected

Possible Causes:



Aftermarket EVAP hardware non-conforming to specifications
 
EVAP canister tube, EVAP canister purge outlet tube or EVAP return tube disconnected or cracked, or canister is damaged
 
EVAP canister purge valve stuck closed, or canister damaged
 
Fuel filler cap missing, loose (not tightened) or the wrong part
 
Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP components
 
Canister vent (CV) solenoid stuck open
 
Fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor has failed mechanically
 

Trouble Code: P0500



Vehicle Speed Sensor -A- Malfunction

Possible Causes:



VSS signal circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
VSS harness circuit is shorted to ground
 
VSS harness circuit is shorted to power
 
VSS circuit open between the DME and related control module
 
VSS or wheel speed sensors circuits are damaged
 
Modules connected to VSC/VSS harness circuits are damaged
 
Mechanical drive mechanism for the VSS is damaged
 

Trouble Code: P0505



Idle Air Control Valve Malfunction

Possible Causes:



Charge air system leaks
 
Recirculating valve for turbocharger is faulty
 
Turbocharging system is damaged
 
Vacuum diaphragm for turbocharger needs adjusting
 
Wastegate bypass regulator valve is faulty
 

Trouble Code: P0506



Idle Air Control System RPM Lower Than Expected

Possible Causes:



Air inlet is plugged or the air filter element is severely clogged
 
IAC circuit is open or shorted
 
IAC circuit VPWR circuit is open
 
IAC solenoid is damaged or has failed
 
The VSS has failed
 

Trouble Code: P0600



Serial Communication Link (Data BUS) Message Missing

Possible Causes:



CAN data bus wires have short circuited to each other
 

Trouble Code: P0601



Internal Control Module Memory Check Sum Error

Possible Causes:



Battery terminal corrosion, or loose battery connection
 
Connection to the DME interrupted, or the circuit has been opened
 
Reprogramming error has occurred
 
and needs replacement. Remember to check for Aftermarket Performance Products before replacing a DME.
 

Trouble Code: P0604



Internal Control Module Random Access Memory (RAM) Error

Possible Causes:



Battery terminal corrosion, or loose battery connection
 
Connection to the DME interrupted, or the circuit has been opened
 
Reprogramming error has occurred
 
and needs replacement. Remember to check for Aftermarket Performance Products before replacing a DME.
 

Trouble Code: P1132



HO2S (Bank 2 Sensor 1) Heater Circuit Malfunction

Possible Causes:



HO2S heater power circuit is open
 
HO2S heater ground circuit is open
 
HO2S signal tracking (due to oil or moisture in the connector)
 
HO2S is damaged or has failed
 

Trouble Code: P1133



HO2S (Bank 2 Sensor 1) Heater Circuit Malfunction

Possible Causes:



HO2S heater power circuit is open
 
HO2S heater ground circuit is open
 
HO2S signal tracking (due to oil or moisture in the connector)
 
HO2S is damaged or has failed
 

Trouble Code: P1178



O2 Sensor Switching Time

Possible Causes:



Oxygen sensor heater for oxygen sensor (HO2S) before catalytic converter is faulty
 
O2S is contaminated (due to presence of silicone in fuel)
 
O2S signal and ground circuit wires crossed in wiring harness
 
O2S signal circuit is shorted to sensor or chassis ground
 
O2S element before the catalytic converter has failed (internal short condition)
 
Leaks present in the exhaust manifold or exhaust pipes
 

Trouble Code: P1179



O2 Sensor Switching Time

Possible Causes:



Oxygen sensor heater for oxygen sensor (HO2S) before catalytic converter is faulty
 
O2S is contaminated (due to presence of silicone in fuel)
 
O2S signal and ground circuit wires crossed in wiring harness
 
O2S signal circuit is shorted to sensor or chassis ground
 
O2S element before the catalytic converter has failed (internal short condition)
 
Leaks present in the exhaust manifold or exhaust pipes
 

Trouble Code: P1186



O2 Sensor Heater Circuit (Bank 1-Sensor 1) Electrical Malfunction

Possible Causes:



HO2S heater power circuit is open
 
HO2S heater ground circuit is open
 
HO2S signal tracking (due to oil or moisture in the connector)
 
HO2S is damaged or has failed
 
Oxygen sensor (before catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor (behind catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor heater (before catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor heater (behind catalytic converter) is faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1187



O2 Sensor Heater Circuit (Bank 1-Sensor 1) Electrical Malfunction

Possible Causes:



HO2S heater power circuit is open
 
HO2S heater ground circuit is open
 
HO2S signal tracking (due to oil or moisture in the connector)
 
HO2S is damaged or has failed
 
Oxygen sensor (before catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor (behind catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor heater (before catalytic converter) is faulty
 
Oxygen sensor heater (behind catalytic converter) is faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1188



Fuel System Malfunction (Cylinder Bank 1)

Possible Causes:



Air leaks after the MAF sensor, or leaks in the PCV system
 
Exhaust leaks before or near where the HO2S is mounted
 
Fuel injector(s) restricted or not supplying enough fuel
 
Fuel system not supplying enough fuel during high fuel demand conditions (e.g., the fuel pump may not supply enough fuel)
 
Leaking EGR gasket, or leaking EGR valve diaphragm
 
MAF sensor dirty (causes DME to underestimate airflow)
 
Vehicle running out of fuel or engine oil dip stick not seated
 

Trouble Code: P1189



Fuel System Malfunction (Cylinder Bank 1)

Possible Causes:



Air leaks after the MAF sensor, or leaks in the PCV system
 
Exhaust leaks before or near where the HO2S is mounted
 
Fuel injector(s) restricted or not supplying enough fuel
 
Fuel system not supplying enough fuel during high fuel demand conditions (e.g., the fuel pump may not supply enough fuel)
 
Leaking EGR gasket, or leaking EGR valve diaphragm
 
MAF sensor dirty (causes DME to underestimate airflow)
 
Vehicle running out of fuel or engine oil dip stick not seated
 

Trouble Code: P1396



Camshaft Position Sensor -A- Circ Malfunction

Possible Causes:



CMP sensor circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
CMP sensor circuit is shorted to power
 
CMP sensor ground (return) circuit is open
 
CMP sensor installation incorrect (Hall-effect type)
 
CMP sensor is damaged or CMP sensor shielding damaged
 

Trouble Code: P1397



Camshaft Position Sensor Circ Malfunction

Possible Causes:



CMP sensor circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
CMP sensor circuit is shorted to power
 
CMP sensor ground (return) circuit is open
 
CMP sensor installation incorrect (Hall-effect type)
 
CMP sensor is damaged or CMP sensor shielding damaged
 

Trouble Code: P1403



Evaporative Emission System Shut Off Valve

Possible Causes:



EVAP power supply circuit is open
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
EVAP solenoid control circuit is shorted to power (B+)
 
EVAP solenoid valve is damaged or it has failed
 
EVAP canister has a leak or a poor seal
 

Trouble Code: P1421



Secondary Air Injector Valve Circuit Short to Ground

Possible Causes:



Connector to the secondary air injection valve is loose or disconnected
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit short
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit is open
 
Faulty secondary air injector valve
 

Trouble Code: P1423



Secondary Air Pump Valve Plausibility

Possible Causes:



Connector to the secondary air injection valve is loose or disconnected
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit short
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit is open
 
Faulty secondary air injector valve
 

Trouble Code: P1432



Secondary Air Injection Valve Open

Possible Causes:



Fuel pump relays have failed
 
Fuel injector has failed
 
Hoses on the EVAP canister may be clogged
 
EVAP canister purge regulator valve may be faulty
 
DME may have failed
 
Manifold Tuning Valve (IMT) may have failed
 

Trouble Code: P1453



Secondary Air Injector Valve Circuit Electrical Malfunction (Disconnection)

Possible Causes:



Connector to the secondary air injection valve is loose or disconnected
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit short
 
Secondary air injector valve circuit is open
 
Faulty secondary air injector valve
 

Trouble Code: P1470



EVAP Emission Control LDP Circuit Electrical Malfunction

Possible Causes:



EVAP canister system has an improper or broken seal
 
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) canister purge regulator valve 1 is faulty
 
Leak Detection Pump (LDP) is faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1475



EVAP Emission Control LDP Circuit Malfunction/Signal Circuit Open

Possible Causes:



Leak Detection Pump has failed
 
EVAP canister system has an improper or broken seal
 
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) canister purge regulator valve 1 is faulty
 
Hoses between the fuel pump and the EVAP canister are faulty
 
Fuel filler cap is loose
 
Fuel pump seal is defective, faulty or otherwise leaking
 
Hoses between the EVAP canister and the fuel flap unit are faulty
 
Hoses between the EVAP canister and the evaporative emission canister purge regulator valve are faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1476



EVAP Emission Control LDP Circuit Malfunction/Insufficient Vacuum

Possible Causes:



Leak Detection Pump has failed
 
EVAP canister system has an improper or broken seal
 
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) canister purge regulator valve 1 is faulty
 
Hoses between the fuel pump and the EVAP canister are faulty
 
Fuel filler cap is loose
 
Fuel pump seal is defective, faulty or otherwise leaking
 
Hoses between the EVAP canister and the fuel flap unit are faulty
 
Hoses between the EVAP canister and the evaporative emission canister purge regulator valve are faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1509



Idle Air Control Valve

Possible Causes:



Charge air system leaks
 
Recirculating valve for turbocharger is faulty
 
Turbocharging system is damaged
 
Vacuum diaphragm for turbocharger needs adjusting
 
Wastegate bypass regulator valve is faulty
 

Trouble Code: P1511



Differentiated Intake Manifold Control Circuit Electrical

Possible Causes:



Leaky vacuum reservoir, vacuum lines loose or damaged
 
Vacuum solenoid or vacuum actuator is damaged
 
IMRC actuator cable/gears are seized, or the cables are improperly routed or seized
 
IMRC housing return springs are damaged or disconnected
 
Lever/shaft return stop may be obstructed or bent, or the lever/shaft wide open stop may be obstructed or bent, or the IMRC lever/shaft may be sticking, binding or disconnected
 
IMRC control circuit open, shorted or the VPWR circuit is open
 

Trouble Code: P1519



Engine Oil Quality Sensor Temperature Measurement

Possible Causes:



Replace the oil temperature sensor
 

Trouble Code: P1522



Intake Camshaft Control (Bank 2) Malfunction

Possible Causes:



Camshaft control circuit is open or shorted to ground
 
Camshaft sensor is damaged or the DME has failed
 
Camshaft out of adjustment
 

Trouble Code: P1526



Camshaft Control Circuit Ground

Possible Causes:



Fuel pump has failed
 
CPS circuit is open, shorted to ground or shorted to power
 
Battery voltage below 11.5 volts
 
Position actuator circuit may short to B+ or Ground
 
Camshaft timing improperly set, or continuous oil flow to the VCT piston chamber
 
Camshaft advance mechanism (the VCT unit) is sticking or binding mechanically
 
VCT solenoid valve is stuck in open position
 

Trouble Code: P1527



Variable Camshaft Timing (VANOS) Circuit Malfunction

Possible Causes:



Replace the sensor
 

 
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