There are 2 types of door mounting that can be on your vehicle. These are; exposed hinge mounting (generally found on older BMW's) and hidden hinge mounting (found on some older and all newer models).
Exposed hinges are door mounts which are installed to the outside of the door body (not on the surface skin but on the inner, hanging surface). This type of door is easy to remove and adjust because of the easy access to the mounting points.
Hidden hinges are mounts where half of the hinge is actually inside the door. This poses a problem for removal because the door trim and window components must now be removed prior to gaining access to the mounting points.
Follow the below outlined procedure that fits the type of door mounting on your vehicle. Remember to be very careful when working with the doors, so as not to damage painted surfaces or delicate trim pieces.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
Use two people whenever removing or installing a door.Models with Exposed Hinges
The door on these models can be removed without removing the window glass or trim panels
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Roll down the window, if not already removed.
- Use a marker pen and scribe the location of the hinges in relation to the door. This will make sure that the door is reasonably adjusted when it is reinstalled.
- If the door is equipped with a retainer strap, remove the strap. This may require drilling out the strap rivets.
- With another person holding the door, remove the 3 upper and lower hinge-to-door retaining bolts.
- Carefully remove the door from the vehicle.
- Have another person place the door in position and loosely install the bolts.
- Align the hinges with the scribe marks and tighten the bolts.
- Check the adjustment of the door and adjust if necessary.
- Install any other parts removed earlier, including window glass and retainer straps.
- Connect the negative battery cable.
See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Before detaching the door, remove all trim pieces, window glass and electrical parts.
- Disconnect the negative battery cable
- Open the door to the full open position to make working on the hinges easier. Place a support under the bottom edge of the door to support the weight of the door. Roll down the window.
- If equipped, depress the clips on the electrical connection on the pillar and remove. Or unfasten the 2 bolts holding the wire connector to the door, then pull the connector out of the opening and pull up on the clip of the interior portion of the connector body. If equipped with a wire loom running into the door, these wires will have to be disconnected when the door panel is removed.
- Remove the clip on the bottom of the door brake pin. Push the pin out of the bore. Some older models use brake pins which are secured with a rivet. In this case the rivet will have to be drilled out.
- Support the door and remove the hinge bolts. The upper bolt is accessed from the base of the hinge, while the lower bolt is accessed from the top.
- Pull the door off the hinges and place upright on a padded surface.
- Check the door hinge bushing and replace if necessary. Lubricate the hinge. Place the door back on the hinges and replace the bolts.
- Connect the door brake pin and retainer.
- Fasten the electrical plug or harness(s) if removed.
- Close the door and check the alignment. Correct as necessary.
- Connect the negative battery cable.
See Figures 6, 7 and 8
- Check the gaps around the door. The gaps should be even.
- Adjust the spacing by loosening the hinge mounting bolts and moving the door in the direction necessary to even out the gap. Move the door in small increments.
- Adjust the panel height at the front edge of the door by inserting hinge shims between the hinge mount and the body. The hinges are available in 0.020 inch (0.5mm) and 0.039 inch (1.0mm) thicknesses. It is acceptable to have the front door edge set lower than the front fender by up to 0.039 inches (1.0mm). This will help prevent wind noise and stone chips.
- Adjust the rear edge of the door by moving the door striker in or out.
HINGE BUSHING REPLACEMENT
See Figures 9, 10 and 11
- Remove the door from the hinge.
- Remove the snapring and washer from the hinge pin. Press the hinge pin out of the hinge.
- Press the hinge bushing out of the hinge.
- Install a new hinge bushing by pressing in. Use tool 41 5 010 or equivalent to press the bushing into place.
- Install the hinge pin and lubricate. Install the door.