BMW Coupes and Sedans 1970-1988 Repair Guide

Instrument Cluster

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Except 3, 5, 6 and 7 Series Models
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lower dash trim from under the steering column by removing the retaining screws. On some models the buzzer module will have to be unclipped to remove the panel from the interior of the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering wheel. Refer to the procedure in Steering & Suspension for details.
  6.  
  7. Remove the 2 screws from the top of the instrument panel hood.
  8.  
  9. Remove the speaker grille and speaker from on top of the instrument panel. After the speaker has been removed, reach in and unfasten the speedometer cable from the back of the speedometer.
  10.  
  11. Remove the retaining screws from the lower portion of the dash panel which secure the instrument panel to the dash assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the instrument cluster and pull forward.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the wire harness from the instrument cluster.
  16.  
  17. Install in reverse order or removal. Connect the negative battery cable. Check all cluster components and connections including the gauge lighting and speedometer cable connection.
  18.  

3 Series Models

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,9 ,10 and 11

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lower dash trim from under the steering column by removing the retaining screws. On some models the buzzer module will have to be unclipped to remove the panel from the interior of the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering wheel. Refer to the procedure in Steering & Suspension for details.
  6.  
  7. Remove the 2 screws from the top of the instrument panel hood.
  8.  
  9. Working from behind the dash panel, remove the 2 knurled nuts which secure the trim panel above the steering column and below the instrument panel. When the nuts are removed, push the trim panel toward you and remove for the dash.
  10.  
  11. Loosen and remove the retaining screws behind the trim panel which secures the lower portion of the instrument panel.
  12.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Before beginning your work, note the location of the major components



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Fig. Fig. 2: Some lower dash panels have the buzzer attached. To remove, separate the clips



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Fig. Fig. 3: Remove the retaining screws from the upper portion of the instrument panel hood



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Fig. Fig. 4: Unfasten the knurled nuts securing the trim panel in front of the steering column



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Fig. Fig. 5: With the knurled nuts removed, push the trim panel out and remove



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Fig. Fig. 6: Remove the retaining screws from behind the trim panel



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Fig. Fig. 7: On most models there is a screw on either side of the steering column



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Fig. Fig. 8: With all the screws removed, the instrument panel hood can be removed



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Fig. Fig. 9: Remove the screws securing the instrument panel to the dash panel



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Fig. Fig. 10: Bring the instrument panel forward and pull out towards you slightly ...



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Fig. Fig. 11: ... then unfasten the instrument panel wiring harness

Note the position and length of the screws removed. These screws are not interchangeable as they are different lengths.

  1. Remove the screws from the instrument cluster and pull forward.
  2.  
  3. Pull the clip off the harness plug and disconnect from the instrument cluster.
  4.  
  5. Install in reverse order or removal. Connect the negative battery cable. Check all cluster components and connections including the gauge lighting and speedometer cable connection.
  6.  

5, 6 and 7 Series Models
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lower dash trim from under the steering column by removing the retaining screws. On some models the buzzer module will have to be unclipped to remove the panel from the interior of the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering wheel. Refer to the procedure in Steering & Suspension for details.
  6.  
  7. Remove the screws from the top of the instrument panel hood.
  8.  
  9. Working from behind the dash panel, remove the 2 knurled nuts which secure the trim panel above the steering column and below the instrument panel. When the nuts are removed, push the trim panel toward you and remove for the dash.
  10.  

When pushing out the trim panel pay particular attention not to bend, break or scratch the wood grain panel.

  1. Loosen and remove the retaining screws behind the trim panel which secures the lower portion of the instrument panel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the screws from the instrument cluster and pull forward.
  4.  
  5. Pull the clip off the harness plug and disconnect from the instrument cluster.
  6.  
  7. Install in reverse order or removal. Connect the negative battery cable. Check all cluster components and connections including the gauge lighting and speedometer cable connection.
  8.  

CLUSTER BULB REPLACEMENT



See Figures 12,13 and 14

The light bulbs in the instrument cluster are installed via a pressure fit or a twist lock assembly.

  1. Remove the instrument cluster.
  2.  
  3. Determine which bulb is in need of replacement. If the back of the bulb is round, it is a pressure fit type bulb. If the rear of the bulb is square, the bulb is a twist type bulb.
  4.  
  5. Remove the bulb by either carefully pulling it out, or twisting it 1 / 4 turn to release the connection.
  6.  
  7. Once the bulb is removed, gentle pull the bulb out.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 12: Remove the pressure fit type bulb and socket by gently pulling out



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Fig. Fig. 13: Remove the twist type bulb by turning and removing



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Fig. Fig. 14: To remove the bulb, simply pull straight out

To install:
  1. Purchase a bulb of the same watt amount as the removed bulb. If you have any questions on bulb type, consult a BMW dealer.
  2.  
  3. Press the new bulb in place.
  4.  
  5. Install the bulb and socket into the instrument cluster.
  6.  
  7. Install the cluster into the dash panel.
  8.  
  9. Test to make sure the replacement bulb functions correctly.
  10.  

 
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