Camaro, Firebird, 1999 - 2002

EVAP Canister Purge & Vent Solenoids

Print

Removal & Installation



Purge Solenoid Valve-5.7L V8 Engine
  1. Remove the left fuel rail cover, if equipped.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the engine vacuum pipe from the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve to intake manifold EVAP pipe.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the engine purge pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the EVAP canister purge valve harness connector.
  8.  
  9. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve from the purge bracket.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Install the EVAP canister purge valve to the purge bracket.
  2.  
  3. Connect the harness connector to the EVAP canister purge valve.
  4.  
  5. Connect the engine purge pipe to the chassis purge pipe.
  6.  
  7. Connect the engine vacuum pipe to the EVAP canister purge valve.
  8.  
  9. Install the left fuel rail cover.
  10.  

Vent Solenoid Valve-Camaro & Firebird 5.7L V8 Engines
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Relieve the fuel system pressure.
  4.  
  5. Drain the fuel tank.
  6.  
  7. Remove the fuel tank.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the EVAP canister vent valve electrical connector (2).
  10.  
  11. Slide the vent hose clamp (1) back.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the vent hose from the EVAP vent valve.
  14.  
  15. Remove the EVAP canister vent valve from the EVAP canister vent valve bracket.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Install the EVAP canister vent valve to the EVAP canister vent valve bracket.
  2.  
  3. Connect the vent hose to the EVAP canister vent valve.
  4.  
  5. Slide the vent hose clamp (1) back into position.
  6.  
  7. Connect the EVAP canister vent valve electrical connector (2).
  8.  
  9. Install the fuel tank.
  10.  
  11. Refill the fuel tank.
  12.  
  13. Install the fuel filler cap.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  
  17. Inspect for leaks.
  18.  
  19. Turn the ignition switch ON for 2 seconds.
  20.  
  21. Turn the ignition switch OFF for 10 seconds.
  22.  
  23. Turn the ignition switch ON.
  24.  
  25. Inspect for fuel leaks.
  26.  
  27. Perform the Idle Learn Procedure.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Location of EVAP vent solenoid valve on Camaro & Firebird 5.7L V8 engines

  28.  

Testing



The EVAP control system limits fuel vapors from escaping into the atmosphere. Fuel tank vapors are allowed to move from the fuel tank, due to pressure in the tank, through the vapor pipe, into the EVAP canister. Carbon in the canister absorbs and stores the fuel vapors. Excess pressure is vented through the vent line and the EVAP vent solenoid to the atmosphere. The EVAP canister stores the fuel vapors until the engine is able to use the vapors. At an appropriate time, the PCM will command the EVAP purge valve open, allowing engine vacuum to be applied to the EVAP canister. With the EVAP vent valve open, fresh air will be drawn through the valve and vent line to the EVAP canister. Fresh air is drawn through the canister, pulling fuel vapors from the carbon. The air/fuel vapor mixture continues through the EVAP purge pipe and EVAP purge valve into the intake manifold to be consumed during normal combustion. The EVAP system requires the PCM be able to detect a leak as small as 1 mm (0.040 inch) in the EVAP system. The PCM uses several tests to determine if the EVAP system is sealed.

Canister Vent Restriction Test

If the EVAP vent system is restricted, fuel vapors will not be properly purged from the EVAP canister. The PCM tests this condition by commanding the EVAP purge valve CLOSED and commanding the EVAP vent valve OPEN and monitoring the FTP sensor for an increase in vacuum. If an increase in vacuum is detected, DTC P0446 will set.

EVAP Service Bay Test

The EVAP service bay test is accessed with a scan tool, and allows EVAP diagnostic tests to be run at higher engine coolant temperatures (ECT) than are allowed during normal testing. The EVAP service bay test allows all of the above tests to be run on demand. When the EVAP service bay tests are run, the scan tool will indicate that the tests have passed, or will indicate which specific DTC has failed. If a EVAP service bay test fails, DTCs will not be recorded in the PCM Freeze Frame/Failure Records. The DTCs will only be displayed on the scan tool. The EVAP service bay test is useful in determining if a fault is present, and for verifying a repair.

The EVAP purge valve controls the flow of vapors from the EVAP system to the intake manifold. This normally closed valve is pulse width modulated by the PCM in order to precisely control the flow of fuel vapor to the engine. The valve will also be opened during some portions of the EVAP testing, allowing engine vacuum to enter the EVAP system.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig.

The EVAP vent valve (1) controls the fresh airflow into the EVAP canister. The EVAP is a normally open valve. The PCM will command the valve closed during some EVAP tests, allowing the system to be tested for leaks

Purge Valve Leak Test

If the EVAP purge valve does not seal properly, fuel vapors could enter the engine at an undesired time, causing driveability concerns. The PCM tests for this condition by commanding the EVAP purge and vent valves closed, sealing the system, and monitoring the FTP for an increase in vacuum. If the PCM detects an increase in vacuum, DTC P1441 will set.

Vacuum Decay Test

If the weak vacuum test passes, the PCM will command OFF the EVAP purge valve, sealing the EVAP system. The PCM tests for vacuum decay in the EVAP system by monitoring the FTP sensor for a change in voltage over a period of time. If the decay rate is more than a calibrated value, the PCM will rerun the test. If the test fails again, a DTC P0442 will set.

Weak Vacuum Test

This tests for large leaks and blockages in the EVAP system. The PCM will command ON and close the EVAP vent valve and will command ON and open the EVAP purge valve with the engine running, allowing engine vacuum into the EVAP system. The PCM monitors the FTP sensor in order to verify that the system is able to reach a predetermined level of vacuum within a set amount of time. If the PCM does not detect the predetermined vacuum level on 2 consecutive tests, a DTC P0440 will set.

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo