Camaro, Firebird, 1999 - 2002

Spark Plugs & Wires

Print

Spark Plugs



Inspection and Gapping

Chromate coated spark plugs should not be wire brushed or handled in any way once they are put in service. Chromium topcoats form a protective oxide on spark plugs that is not effective if scratched. Both coated and uncoated spark plugs will have the best chance of surviving a corrosive environment if they are left in position. Attempts to maintain spark plugs by removing them and cleaning the threads can actually create the corrosive condition that the procedure was intended to prevent.

  1. Ensure that the correct spark plug is installed. An incorrect spark plug causes drivability conditions.
  2.  
  3. Ensure that the spark plug has the correct heat range. An incorrect heat range causes the following conditions:

    Spark plug fouling--colder plug
     
    Pre-ignition causing spark plug and/or engine damage--hotter plug
     

  4.  
  5. Inspect the terminal post for damage.

    Inspect for a bent or a broken terminal post.
     
    Test for a loose terminal post (1) by twisting and pulling the post. The terminal post should NOT move.
     

  6.  
  7. Inspect the insulator for flashover, for carbon tracking, and for soot. These conditions are caused by the electrical charge traveling across the insulator between the terminal post and the ground. Inspect for the following conditions:

    Inspect the spark plug boot for damage.
     
    Inspect the spark plug recess area of the cylinder head for moisture, such as oil, coolant, or water. A spark plug boot that is saturated causes arcing to ground.
     

  8.  
  9. Inspect the insulator for cracks. All or part of the electrical charge may arc through the crack instead of the electrodes.
  10.  
  11. Inspect for evidence of improper arcing.

    Measure the gap between the center electrode and the side electrode terminals. An excessively wide electrode gap can prevent correct spark plug operation.
     
    Inspect for the correct spark plug torque. Insufficient torque can prevent correct spark plug operation. An over torqued spark plug, causes the insulator to crack.
     
    Inspect for signs of tracking that occurred near the insulator tip instead of the center electrode.
     
    Inspect for a broken or worn side electrode.
     
    Inspect for a broken, worn, or loose center electrode by shaking the spark plug. A rattling sound indicates internal damage. A loose center electrode reduces the spark intensity.
     
    Inspect for bridged electrodes. Deposits on the electrodes reduce or eliminate the gap.
     
    Inspect for worn or missing platinum pads on the electrodes, if equipped.
     
    Inspect for excessive fouling.
     
    Inspect the spark plug recess area of the cylinder head for debris. Dirty or damaged threads can cause the spark plug to not seat correctly during installation.
     

  12.  
  13. Normal operation--Brown to grayish-tan with small amounts of white powdery deposits are normal combustion by-products from fuels with additives.
  14.  
  15. Excessive idling or slow speeds during light loads can keep spark plug temperatures so low that normal combustion deposits may not burn off.
  16.  
  17. Deposit Fouling--Oil, coolant, or additives that include substances such as silicone, or very white coating, reduce the spark intensity. Most powdery deposits will not affect the spark intensity unless the substances form into a glazing over the electrode.
  18.  

Removal & Installation
3.8L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect battery negative cable from battery and properly isolate to prevent accidental reconnection.
  4.  
  5. Turn OFF the ignition switch.
  6.  
  7. Remove the spark plug wires from the spark plugs.
  8.  
  9. Remove the spark plugs from the engine.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Measure the spark plug gap on the spark plugs to be installed. Compare the measurement to the gap specifications and correct as necessary.
  2.  
  3. Install the spark plugs to the engine and tighten to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm)
  4.  
  5. Connect the spark plug wires to the spark plugs.
  6.  

5.7L Engines
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect battery negative cable from battery and properly isolate to prevent accidental reconnection.
  4.  
  5. Turn OFF the ignition switch.
  6.  
  7. Remove the spark plug wires.
  8.  
  9. Loosen each spark plug 1 or 2 turns.
  10.  
  11. Use a brush, or use compressed air in order to remove any dirt from the spark plugs.
  12.  
  13. Remove the spark plugs one at a time and place each plug in a tray marked with the corresponding cylinder numbers.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Inspect each spark plug gap. Adjust each plug as needed.
    1. Spark plug gap: 0.060 in. (1.524 mm)
    2.  

  2.  
  3. Hand start the spark plugs in the corresponding cylinders.
  4.  
  5. Tighten the spark plugs to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm)
  6.  
  7. Install the spark plug wires.
  8.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo