Catera 2000-2001

Bleeding the ABS System


Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.

Items Required:

A scan tool.
A 35 psi pressure bleeder with the proper master cylinder adapter.
Delco Supreme 11 or equivalent Dot 3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed container.
A hoist.
An unbreakable plastic bleeder bottle equipped with a hose to recover fluid at the wheels.
An assistant, if needed.
The suitable safety attire, including safety glasses.

Preliminary Inspection:

Inspect the battery for full charge, repair the battery and charging system as necessary.
Connect a scan tool to the Data Link Connector (DLC) and select current and history DTCs. Repair any DTCs prior to performing the ABS bleed procedure.
Inspect for visual damage and leaks and repair as needed.

  1. Raise and vehicle on a suitable support.
  3. Turn the ignition switch to OFF position.
  5. Remove all four wheels, if necessary.
  7. Connect the pressure bleeding tool according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  9. Turn the ignition switch to RUN position, engine off.
  11. Connect a scan tool and establish communications with the ABS system.
  13. Pressurize the bleeding tool to 30-35 psi (206-241 kPa).
    The Auto Bleed Procedure may be terminated at any time during the process by pressing the EXIT button. No further Scan Tool prompts pertaining to the Auto Bleed procedure will be given. After exiting the bleed procedure, relieve bleed pressure and disconnect bleed equipment per manufacturer-s instructions. Failure to properly relieve pressure may result in spilled brake fluid causing damage to components and painted surfaces.

  15. With the pressure bleeding tool at 30-35 psi (206-241 kPa), and all bleeder screws in closed position, select Automated Bleed Procedure on the scan tool and follow the instructions.
    1. The first part of the automated bleed procedure will cycle the pump and front release valves for one minute. After the cycling has stopped the scan tool will enter a "cool down" mode and display a 3 minute timer. The auto bleed will not continue until this timer expired, and cannot be overridden.
    3. During the next step, the scan tool will request the technician to open one of the bleeder screws. The scan tool will then cycle the respective release valve and pump motor for 1 minute.
    5. The scan tool will repeat step 3 for the remaining bleeder screws.
    7. With the bleeder tool still attached to the vehicle and maintaining 35 psi (241 kPa), the scan tool will instruct the technician to independently open each bleeder screw for approximately 20 seconds. This should allow any remaining air to be purged from the brake lines.
    9. When the automated bleed procedure is completed the scan tool will display the appropriate message.

  17. Remove pressure from the pressure bleeding tool and then disconnect the tool from the vehicle.
  19. Depress the brake pedal to gauge pedal height and feel. Repeat steps 1 through 8 until the pedal is acceptable.
  21. Remove the scan tool from the DLC connector.
  23. Install the tire and wheels assemblies, if they were removed.
  25. Lower the vehicle.
  27. Inspect the brake fluid level in master cylinder.
  29. Road test the vehicle while making sure the brake pedal remains high and firm.
    If vehicle is equipped with Traction Control System (TCS) the scan tool will cycle both the ABS and TCS solenoids valves. This bleed procedure is the same as above.