The following explains how to activate the Trouble Code signal light in the instrument cluster and gives an explanation of what each code means. This is not a full C-4 or CCC System troubleshooting and isolation procedure.
Before suspecting the C-4 or CCC System or any of its components as faulty, check the ignition system including distributor, timing, spark plugs and wires. Check the engine compression, air cleaner, and emission control components not controlled by the ECM. Also check the intake manifold, vacuum hoses, and hose connections for leaks and the carburetor bolts for tightness.
The following symptoms could indicate a possible problem with the C-4 or CCC System.
- Stalls or rough idle-cold
- Stalls or rough idle-hot
- Poor gasoline mileage
- Sluggish or spongy performance
- Hard starting-cold
- Hard starting-hot
- Objectionable exhaust odors
- Cuts out
As a bulb and system check, the Check Engine light will come on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position but the engine is not started.
The Check Engine light will also produce the trouble code of codes by a series of flashes which translates as follows. When the diagnostic test lead (C-4) or terminal (CCC) under the dash is grounded, with the ignition in the ON position and the engine not running, the Check Engine light will flash once, pause, then flash twice in rapid succession. This is a code 12, which indicates that the diagnostic system is working. After a longer pause, the code 12 will repeat itself two more times. The cycle will then repeat itself until the engine is started or the ignition is turned OFF.
When the engine is started, the Check Engine light will remain on for a few seconds, then turn off. If the Check Engine light remains on, the self-diagnostic system has detected a problem. If the test lead (C-4) or test terminal (CCC) is then grounded, the trouble code will flash three times. If more than one problem is found, each trouble code will flash three times. Trouble codes will flash in numerical order (lowest code number to highest). The trouble codes series will repeat as long as the test lead or terminal is grounded.
A trouble code indicates a problem with a given circuit. For example, trouble code 14 indicates a problem in the cooling sensor circuit. This includes the coolant sensor, its electrical harness, and the Electronic Control Module (ECM).
Since the self-diagnostic system cannot diagnose every possible fault in the system, the absence of a trouble code does not mean the system is trouble-free. To determine problems within the system which do not activate a trouble code, a system performance check must be made. This job should be left to a qualified technician.
In the case of an intermittent fault in the system, the Check Engine light will go out when the fault goes away, but the trouble code will remain in the memory of the ECM. Therefore, if a trouble code can be obtained even though the Check Engine light is not on, the trouble code must be evaluated. It must be determined if the fault is intermittent or if the engine must be at certain operating conditions (under load, etc.) before the Check Engine light will come on. Some trouble codes will not be recorded in the ECM until the engine has been operated at part throttle for about 5 to 18 minutes.
On the C-4 System, the ECM erases all trouble codes every time the ignition is turned OFF . In the case of intermittent faults, a long term memory is desirable. This can be produced by connecting the orange connector/lead from terminal S of the ECM directly to the battery (or to a hot fuse panel terminal). This terminal must be disconnected after diagnosis is complete or it will drain the battery.
On the CCC System, a trouble code will be stored until terminal R of the ECM has been disconnected from the battery for 10 seconds.
An easy way to erase the computer memory on the CCC system is to disconnect the battery terminals from the battery. If this method is used, don't forget to reset clocks and electronic preprogrammable radios. Another method is to remove the fuse marked ECM in the fuse panel. Not all models have such a fuse.
ACTIVATING THE TROUBLE CODE
On the C-4 System, activate the trouble code by grounding the trouble code test lead under the instrument panel (usually a white and black wire or a wire with a green connector). Run a jumper wire from the lead to ground.
On the CCC System, locate the test terminal under the instrument panel. Ground the test lead. On many systems, the test lead is situated side by side with a ground terminal. In addition, on some models, the partition between the test terminal and the ground terminal has a cut out section so that a spade terminal can be used to connect the two terminals.
Ground the test lead or terminal according to the instructions given in Basic Troubleshooting above.