Chevrolet Citation/Omega/Phoenix/Skylark 1980-1985 Repair Guide

Shock Absorbers

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TESTING



Visually inspect the shock absorber. If there is evidence of leakage and the shock absorber is covered with oil, the shock is defective and should be replaced.

If there is no sign of excessive leakage (a small amount of weeping is normal) bounce the car at one corner by pressing down on the fender or bumper and releasing. When you have the car bouncing as much as you can, release the fender or bumper. The car should stop bouncing after the first rebound. If the bouncing continues past the center point of the bounce more than once, the shock absorbers are worn and should be replaced.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION





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Fig. Fig. 1 Exploded view of the shock absorber mounting



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Fig. Fig. 2 no caption



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Fig. Fig. 3 If you raise the vehicle to remove the shocks, be sure to securely support the rear axle



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Fig. Fig. 4 To remove the rear shocks, open the trunk and remove the shock cover



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Fig. Fig. 5 Unfasten the upper shock absorber nuts



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Fig. Fig. 6 With the axle supported, remove the lower shock bolt



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Fig. Fig. 7 no caption

  1. Open the hatch or trunk lid, remove the trim cover if present, and remove the upper shock absorber nut.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the car at a convenient working height if you desire. It is not necessary to remove the weight of the car from the shock absorbers, however, so you can leave the car on the ground if you prefer.
  4.  
  5. If the car is equipped with superlift shock absorbers, disconnect the air line.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower attaching bolt and remove the shock.
  8.  
  9. If new shock absorbers are being installed, repeatedly compress them while inverted and extend them in their normal upright position. This will purge them of air.
  10.  
  11. Install the shocks in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the lower mount nut and bolt to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm), the upper to 7 ft. lbs. (10 Nm).
  12.  

 
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