Chrysler Caravan/Voyager/Town and Country 1996-1999

Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor

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OPERATION



See Figures 1, 2 and 3



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Fig. Fig. 1: MAP sensor location-2.4L engine



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Fig. Fig. 2: MAP sensor location-3.0L engine



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Fig. Fig. 3: MAP sensor location-3.3L and 3.8L engines

The PCM supplies 5 volts of direct current to the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor. The MAP sensor then converts the intake manifold pressure into voltage. The PCM monitors the MAP sensor output voltage. As vacuum increases, the MAP sensor voltage decreases proportionately. Also, as vacuum decreases, the MAP sensor voltage increases proportionally.

With the ignition key ON , before the engine is started, the PCM determines atmospheric air pressure from the MAP sensor voltage. While the engine operates, the PCM figures out intake manifold pressure from the MAP sensor voltage. Based on the MAP sensor voltage and inputs from other sensors, the PCM adjusts spark advance and the air/fuel ratio. The MAP sensor is mounted to the intake manifold, near the throttle body inlet to the manifold. The sensor connects electrically to the PCM.

TESTING



See Figures 4, 5, 6 and 7



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Fig. Fig. 4: Disengage the MAP sensor connector-3.0L engine shown


WARNING
When testing the MAP sensor, make sure the harness wires do not become damaged by the test meter probes.

  1. Visually check the connector, making sure it is attached properly and that all of the terminals are straight, tight and free of corrosion.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: MAP sensor connector terminal identifications: (A) 5-volt supply, (B) sensor signal, (C) ground-3.0L engine shown



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Fig. Fig. 6: MAP sensor connector terminal identifications-2.4L, 3.3L and 3.8L engines



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Fig. Fig. 7: Using a digital volt-ohmmeter, test the MAP sensor voltage-3.0L engine shown

  1. Test the MAP sensor output voltage at the sensor connector between terminals B and C (2.4L, 3.3L and 3.8L engines), or A nd B (3.0L engine).
  2.  
  3. With the ignition switch ON and the engine not running, the output voltage should be 4-5 volts. The voltage should fall to 1.5-2.1 volts with a hot, neutral idle speed condition. If OK, go to the next step. If not OK, go to Step 5.
  4.  
  5. Test the PCM terminal 36 for the same voltage described in the previous step to make sure the wire harness is OK. Repair as necessary.
  6.  
  7. Test the MAP sensor ground circuit at the sensor connector terminal A (2.4L, 3.3L and 3.8L engines) or C (3.0L engine) and PCM terminal 43. If OK, go to the next step. If not OK, repair as necessary.
  8.  
  9. Test the MAP sensor supply voltage between the sensor connector terminals A and B (2.4L, 3.3L and 3.8L engines) r A and C (3.0L engine) with the ignition key in the ON position. The voltage should be about 4.5-5.5 volts.
  10.  
  11. There should also be 4.5-5.5 volts at terminal 61 of the PCM. If OK, replace the MAP sensor.
  12.  
  13. If not, repair or replace the wire harness as required.
  14.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4

The MAP sensor is mounted on the intake manifold near the throttle body inlet to the manifold.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. On the 3.0L engine only, disconnect the vacuum hose from the MAP sensor.
  4.  
  5. Detach the electrical connector from the MAP sensor.
  6.  
  7. Unfasten the mounting screws, then remove the MAP sensor from the vehicle.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install the sensor onto the intake manifold and tighten the mounting screws to 35 inch lbs. (4 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Attach the sensor electrical connector.
  4.  
  5. On the 3.0L engine, connect the vacuum hose to the MAP sensor.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  

 
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