See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4
All vehicles are equipped with a Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) system. In this system, the intake manifold vacuum removes crankcase vapors and piston blow-by from the engine. The emissions pass through the PCV valve into the intake manifold where they become part of the set air/fuel ratio. They are burned and released with the exhaust gases. The air cleaner provides replacement air when the engine does not have enough vapor or blow-by gases. In this system, fresh air does not enter the crankcase. The PCV system is composed of a PCV valve, oil separator (1995 2.0L SOHC engines only) and connecting hoses.
The PCV valve has a spring loaded plunger. The plunger meters the amount of crankcase vapors routed into the combustion chamber, depending upon intake manifold vacuum. When the engine is not operating or during engine backfire, the spring forces the plunger back against the seat, preventing vapors from flowing through the valve. When the engine is at idle or cruising, high manifold vacuum is present. At these times, manifold vacuum is able to completely compress the spring and pull the plunger to the top of the valve. There is minimal vapor flow through the valve in this position. During periods of moderate manifold vacuum, the plunger is only pulled part of the way back from the inlet, resulting in maximum vapor flow.
On 1995 2.0L SOHC engines only, the PCV system also includes an oil separator. The crankcase vapors enter the bottom of the separator, then oil accumulated in the separator drains back into the crankcase from an outlet in the bottom of the separator. The PCV valve on these engines connects to the separator and to intake manifold vacuum. Replacement air is provided to the separator by a hose attached to the air cleaner air tube.
See Figure 5
- With the engine idling, remove the PCV valve from its attaching point. If the valve is not obstructed, a hissing noise will be heard as air passes through the valve. Also, a strong vacuum should be felt when you place your finger over the valve inlet.
- Attach the hose to the PCV valve. Disconnect the replacement air hose from the air plenum at the rear of the engine. Hold a piece of rigid paper loosely over the end of the replacement air hose.
- After allowing about one minute for the crankcase pressure to decrease, the paper should draw up against the hose with a noticeable force. If the engine does not draw the paper against the grommet after installing a new valve, replace the valve hose.
- Turn the engine OFF . Remove the PCV valve from the intake manifold, then shake the valve. The valve is OK if a rattling noise is heard as the valve is shaken.
- If any of the previous tests fail, replace the PCV valve and/or hose and retest the system. Do not try to clean and reuse the old PCV valve. It should be replaced with a new one.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
For PCV valve removal and installation procedures, refer to General Information & Maintenance of this repair guide.Oil Separator
See Figure 6
An oil separator is only used on 1995 2.0L SOHC engines.
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Remove the intake manifold from the vehicle, as outlined in Engine & Engine Overhaul of this repair guide.
Constant tension hose clamps are used on the separator hoses. During removal and installation, you should use the special clamp tools available for this purpose (No. 6094 or equivalent).
- Disconnect the PCV valve hose from the oil separator.
- Unfasten the hose clamps, then detach the 2 hoses from the bottom of the separator.
- Remove the 2 separator-to-block retaining bolts, then remove the separator from the vehicle.
- Position the separator in the vehicle, and secure with the 2 retaining bolt.
An identification number or letter is stamped into the tongue of the constant tension clamps. If you need to replace a clamp, make sure to get an original replacement clamp with a matching number or letter.
- Connect the 2 hoses to the bottom of the separator, then secure the hoses with the clamps.
- Attach the PCV valve hose to the oil separator.
- Install the intake manifold, as outlined in Engine & Engine Overhaul of this repair guide.
- Connect the negative battery cable.