Chrysler Cirrus/Stratus/Sebring/Avenger/Breeze 1995-1998

Engine

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OIL LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1 through 5

Every time you stop for fuel, check the engine oil, after making sure the engine has fully warmed and the vehicle is parked on a level surface. Because it takes some time for the oil to drain back to the oil pan, you should wait a few minutes before checking your oil. If you are doing this at a fuel stop, first fill the fuel tank, then open the hood and check the oil, but don't get so carried away as to forget to pay for the fuel! Most station attendants won't believe that you forgot.

  1. Make sure the car is parked on level ground.
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  3. When checking the oil level, it is best for the engine to be at normal operating temperature, although checking the oil immediately after stopping will lead to a false reading. Wait a few minutes after turning off the engine to allow the oil to drain back into the crankcase.
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  5. Open the hood and locate the dipstick, which will be in a guide tube located in the front of the engine compartment. Pull the dipstick from its tube, wipe it clean (using a clean, lint-free rag) and then reinsert it.
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Fig. Fig. 1: Locate the engine oil dipstick in the front of the engine compartment toward the right



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Fig. Fig. 2: The engine oil level should measure between the upper (1) and lower (2) notch marks

  1. Pull the dipstick out again and, holding it horizontally, read the oil level. The oil should be between the SAFE and ADD, MIN and MAX or the upper and lower notch marks on the dipstick. If the oil is below the ADD, MIN, or lower notch marks, add oil of the proper viscosity through the capped opening in the top of the valve cover. See the oil and fuel recommendations listed earlier in this section for the proper viscosity and rating of oil to use.
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Fig. Fig. 3: Remove the oil filler cap from the top of the valve cover. Examine the condition of the cap and rubber seal; replace if worn or damaged



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Fig. Fig. 4: Hold the oil container with the spout on top to avoid splashing, and pour in the proper amount of the correct viscosity engine oil



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Fig. Fig. 5: Always wipe the oil fill hole area clean of any dirt or spilled oil before installing the filler cap

  1. Insert the dipstick and check the oil level again after adding any oil. Approximately one quart of oil will raise the level from the ADD, MIN, or lower notch marks to the SAFE, MAX, or upper notch marks. Be sure not to overfill the crankcase. Excess oil will generally be consumed at an accelerated rate and may cause problems.
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WARNING
DO NOT overfill the crankcase. It may result in oil fouled spark plugs, oil leaks caused by oil seal failure, or engine damage due to oil foaming.

  1. Close the hood.
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OIL & FILTER CHANGE



See Figures 6 through 17


CAUTION
The EPA warns that prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause a number of skin disorders, including cancer! You should make every effort to minimize your exposure to used engine oil. Protective gloves should be worn when changing the oil. Wash your hands and any other exposed skin areas as soon as possible after exposure to used engine oil. Soap and water, or waterless hand cleaner should be used.

The manufacturer's recommended oil change interval is 7500 miles (12,000 km) under normal operating conditions. We recommend an oil change interval of 3000-3500 miles (4800-5600 km) under normal conditions; more frequently under severe conditions such as when the average trip is less than 4 miles (6 km), the engine is operated for extended periods at idle or low speed, when towing a trailer or operating in dusty areas.

In addition, we recommend that the filter be replaced EVERY time the oil is changed.

Please be considerate of the environment. Dispose of waste oil properly by taking it to a service station, municipal facility or recycling center.

  1. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature. Then turn the engine OFF .
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  3. Remove the oil filler cap.
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  5. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle using jackstands.
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  7. Slide a drain pan of at least 5 quarts (4.7 liters) capacity under the oil pan. Wipe the drain plug and surrounding area clean using an old rag.
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Fig. Fig. 6: After the drain pan is in correct position, loosen the oil pan drain plug



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Fig. Fig. 7: Remove the plug and allow the oil to drain until it stops dripping. Be careful not to drop the plug into the pan



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Fig. Fig. 8: Examine the the drain plug and gasket for wear or damage, and replace if necessary. The drain plug must always be installed with a gasket

  1. Loosen the drain plug using a ratchet, short extension and socket, or a box wrench. Turn the plug out by hand, using a rag to shield your fingers from the hot oil. By keeping an inward pressure on the plug as you unscrew it, oil won't escape past the threads and you can remove it without being burned by hot oil. Quickly withdraw the plug and move your hands out of the way, but be careful not to drop the plug into the drain pan, as fishing it out can be an unpleasant mess. Allow the oil to drain completely.
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  3. Examine the condition of the drain plug for thread damage or stretching, then examine the plug gasket for cracks or wear. Replace the drain plug, gasket or both if damaged.
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  5. Install the drain plug and gasket. Tighten the drain plug to 20-25 ft. lbs. (27-34 Nm) on 4-cylinder engines or 29 ft. lbs. (40 Nm) on 6-cylinder engines. Do not overtighten the plug.
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Fig. Fig. 9: The oil filter can be loosened with a variety of special tools made specifically for that purpose, such as a strap-type filter wrench ...



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Fig. Fig. 10: ... or an end cap-type oil filter wrench with a ratchet tool

  1. Move the drain pan under the oil filter. Use a strap-type or end cap-type wrench to loosen the oil filter. Cover your hand with a rag and spin the filter off by hand, but turn it slowly. Keep in mind that it's holding about one quart of dirty, hot oil.
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Be careful when removing the oil filter, because the filter contains about 1 quart of hot, dirty oil.

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Fig. Fig. 11: During removal, always keep the opening of the filter straight up to prevent any of the old oil, still contained in the filter, from spilling



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Fig. Fig. 12: Always check the filter adapter surface once the old filter is removed. The filter mounting gasket may have remained stuck to the surface



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Fig. Fig. 13: If the old filter mounting gasket is stuck to the adapter surface, remove it immediately before installing the new filter, or oil leakage will occur



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Fig. Fig. 14: Be sure to wipe the mounting surface of the filter adapter using a clean shop towel

  1. Empty the old oil filter into the drain pan, then properly dispose of the filter.
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  3. Using a clean shop towel, wipe off the filter adapter on the engine block. Be sure the towel does not leave any lint which could clog an oil passage.
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  5. Coat the rubber gasket and pour some fresh oil into the new filter before installation; this will lubricate the engine quicker during initial startup. Spin the filter onto the adapter by hand until it contacts the mounting surface, then tighten it an additional 1 / 2 - 3 / 4 turn. Do NOT overtighten the filter.
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Fig. Fig. 15: Before installing a new oil filter, lightly coat the rubber gasket with clean oil



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Fig. Fig. 16: Pour some fresh oil into the new filter before installation to lubricate the engine quicker during initial start-up



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Fig. Fig. 17: Install the new oil filter onto the adapter and hand-tighten only. Be careful not to overtighten the filter

  1. Carefully lower the vehicle.
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  3. Refill the crankcase with the correct amount of fresh engine oil. Please refer to the Capacities chart later in this section.
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  5. Install the oil filler cap.
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  7. Check the oil level on the dipstick. It is normal for the level to be a bit above the full mark until the engine is run and the new filter is filled with oil. Start the engine and allow it to idle for a few minutes.
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WARNING
Do not run the engine above idle speed until it has built up oil pressure, as indicated when the oil light goes out.

  1. Shut off the engine and allow the oil to flow back to the crankcase for a minute, then recheck the oil level. Check around the filter and drain plug for any leaks, and correct as necessary.
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When you have finished this job, you will notice that you now possess four or five quarts of dirty oil. The best thing to do is to pour it into plastic jugs, such as milk or old antifreeze containers. Then, locate a service station or automotive parts store where you can pour it into their used oil tank for recycling.

Improperly disposing of used motor oil not only pollutes the environment, it violates federal law. Dispose of waste oil properly.

 
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