Chrysler Colt/Vista 1990-1993 Repair Information

Transaxle

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 through 5



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Fig. Fig. 1: Removal all these parts prior to transaxle removal - 1990-92 Colt hatchback and sedan

The transaxle and converter must be removed and installed as an assembly.

Except 1992-93 Vista
  1. Disconnect the battery cables, negative first. Remove the battery and tray. Remove the air cleaner case.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Removal all these parts prior to transaxle removal - 1990-91 Vista



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Fig. Fig. 3: Transaxle removal/installation - 1990-91 Vista



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Fig. Fig. 4: Removal all these parts prior to transaxle removal - 1992-93 FWD Vista



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Fig. Fig. 5: Transaxle removal/installation - 1992-93 FWD Vista

  1. Disconnect the throttle control cable at the carburetor. If equipped with fuel injection, disconnect the cable at the throttle body. Disconnect the manual control cable at the transaxle.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect from the transaxle: the inhibitor switch (neutral safety) connector, fluid cooler hoses and the 4 upper bolts connecting the engine to the transaxle.
  4.  

Cap oil cooler hoses to prevent fluid loss.

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  

  1. Remove the front wheels. Remove the engine splash shield.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  

  1. Disconnect the stabilizer bar at the lower arms and disconnect the control arms from the body. Remove the right and left halfshafts from the transaxle case.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the speedometer cable. Remove the starter motor.
  4.  
  5. Remove the lower cover from the converter housing. Remove the bolts connecting the converter to the engine driveplate.
  6.  

Never support the full weight of the transaxle on the engine driveplate.

  1. Turn and force the converter back and away from the engine driveplate.
  2.  
  3. Support the weight of the engine from above. Support the transaxle and remove the remaining mounting bolts.
  4.  
  5. Remove the transaxle mount insulator bolt.
  6.  
  7. Remove and the transaxle and converter as an assembly.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Secure the transaxle to a transmission jack.
  2.  
  3. Install the torque converter onto the transaxle input shaft. Make sure the converter is fully seated in to the front pump before bolting the transaxle to the engine.
  4.  
  5. Raise the transaxle and position it to the engine. Install the lower transmission-to-engine bolts. Torque the bolts to 31-39 ft. lbs. (43-54 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the transaxle mount insulator bolt. Torque the bolts to 31-40 ft. lbs. (43-54 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the remaining transaxle-to-engine bolts. Torque the bolts to 31-39 ft. lbs. (43-54 Nm).
  10.  
  11. From the converter housing, install the 3 bolts connecting the converter to the engine driveplate. Torque the bolts to 34-38 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Connect the speedometer cable.
  14.  
  15. Install the starter motor and connect the wiring to it.
  16.  
  17. Connect the stabilizer bar to the lower arms and connect the control arms to the body. Install the right and left halfshafts to the transaxle case.
  18.  
  19. Refill the transaxle fluid.
  20.  
  21. Install the engine splash shield. Install the front wheels.
  22.  
  23. Lower the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. Connect to the transaxle: the inhibitor switch (neutral safety) connector and the fluid cooler hoses.
  26.  
  27. Connect the throttle control cable to the transaxle.
  28.  
  29. Install the battery and tray. Connect the battery cables, positive first. If equipped with a turbocharger, install the air cleaner case.
  30.  

1992-93 Vista
  1. Disconnect negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the transaxle control lever. Disconnect and plug the oil cooler lines.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the pulse generator connector, oil temperature connector, kickdown servo switch connector, inhibitor switch connector and solenoid valve connection.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the speedometer cable connection. Remove the oil level dipstick and tube.
  10.  
  11. Install holding fixture to the top of the engine to support engine weight.
  12.  
  13. Remove the top transaxle upper coupling bolts.
  14.  
  15. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  16.  
  17. Remove the starter motor leaving wire harness attached.
  18.  
  19. Remove the right side under cover. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the tie rod ends, stabilizer bar and lower ball joints.
  22.  
  23. If equipped with 4WD, it will be necessary to remove the right driveshaft from the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. Except 4WD, remove the driveshafts from the transfer case, insert a pry bar between the driveshaft and the transaxle case and pry the shaft from the transaxle housing. Swing the shafts out of the way keeping the joints straight, and suspend using wire. Turn the right shaft 90 degrees toward the front of the vehicle so that it will not be a hindrance.
  26.  

Do not pull on the shaft during removal from the transaxle; doing so will damage the inboard joint. Do not insert the pry bar so deep as to damage the oil seal.

  1. Remove the lower bellhousing cover. Scribe a mark on the drive plate and transaxle converter face using chalk. Remove the drive plate connecting bolts while turning the crankshaft.
  2.  
  3. Support the transaxle using a transmission jack. Remove the center support.
  4.  
  5. Remove the transaxle mount bolt and bracket.
  6.  
  7. If equipped with 4WD, disconnect the front exhaust pipe and remove the transfer assembly.
  8.  
  9. Remove the lower transaxle case coupling bolts, press the torque converter towards the transfer case to prevent separation during removal and lower the transfer case from the vehicle.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Install the transaxle into the vehicle and secure using the lower case coupling bolts.
  2.  
  3. Install the transaxle mount bolt and bracket, torque through bolt nut to 51 ft. lbs. (70 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Align the scribe marks on the converter and the drive plate. Install the drive plate connecting bolts torquing to 33-38 ft. lbs. (46-53 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the transfer assembly and the center cross member. Remove the transmission jack.
  8.  
  9. Install the center exhaust pipe.
  10.  
  11. Install the drive axles into the transfer case taking care not to damage the oil seal lip part of the transaxle with the serrated part of the driveshaft.
  12.  
  13. Connect the tie rod ends, stabilizer bar and lower ball joints.
  14.  
  15. Install the right side under cover.
  16.  
  17. Lower the vehicle. Install the upper transaxle coupling bolts.
  18.  
  19. Connect the speedometer cable, and the electrical harness connectors disconnected during the removal procedure.
  20.  
  21. Install the starter motor torquing the retainer bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  22.  
  23. Connect the transaxle cooler hoses and the connections for the manual controls.
  24.  
  25. Install the air cleaner assembly and the oil level dipstick and tube.
  26.  
  27. Refill with Dexron II, Mopar ATF Plus type 7176, or equivalent automatic transaxle fluid.
  28.  
  29. Start the engine and allow to idle for 2 minutes. Apply parking brake and move selector through each gear position, ending in N . Recheck fluid level and add if necessary. Fluid level should be between the marks in the HOT range. Check operation of all gauges and meters.
  30.  

 
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