Chrysler Colt/Vista 1990-1993 Repair Information

Starter

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DIAGNOSIS



Starter Won't Crank The Engine
  1. Dead battery.
  2.  
  3. Open starter circuit, such as:
    1. Broken or loose battery cables.
    2.  
    3. Inoperative starter motor solenoid.
    4.  
    5. Broken or loose wire from ignition switch to solenoid.
    6.  
    7. Poor solenoid or starter ground.
    8.  
    9. Bad ignition switch.
    10.  

  4.  
  5. Defective starter internal circuit, such as:
    1. Dirty or burnt commutator.
    2.  
    3. Stuck, worn or broken brushes.
    4.  
    5. Open or shorted armature.
    6.  
    7. Open or grounded fields.
    8.  

  6.  
  7. Starter motor mechanical faults, such as:
    1. Jammed armature end bearings.
    2.  
    3. Bad bearings, allowing armature to rub fields.
    4.  
    5. Bent shaft.
    6.  
    7. Broken starter housing.
    8.  
    9. Bad starter drive mechanism.
    10.  
    11. Bad starter drive or flywheel driven gear.
    12.  

  8.  
  9. Engine hard or impossible to crank, such as:
    1. Hydrostatic lock, water in combustion chamber.
    2.  
    3. Crankshaft seizing in bearings.
    4.  
    5. Piston or ring seizing.
    6.  
    7. Bent or broken connecting rod.
    8.  
    9. Seizing of connecting rod bearings.
    10.  
    11. Flywheel jammed or broken.
    12.  

  10.  

Starter Spins Freely, Won't Engage
  1. Sticking or broken drive mechanism.
  2.  
  3. Damaged ring gear.
  4.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figure 1

  1. Disconnect the battery negative battery cable and the starter motor wiring. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  
  5. Remove the intake manifold-to-engine support bracket (Colt and Colt Wagon).
  6.  
  7. Remove the 2 starter attaching bolts and remove the starter motor.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Clean both surfaces of the starter motor flange and the rear plate.
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Starter removal/installation for the 1.5L, 1.6L and 1990 1.8L engines

  1. Position the starter in the housing opening.
  2.  
  3. Install the manifold-to-engine support bracket (Colt and Colt Wagon).
  4.  

  1. Install the attaching bolts. Torque to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm) evenly to avoid binding.
  2.  
  3. Install the starter wiring and lower the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Connect the negative battery cable and check operation.
  6.  

SOLENOID REPLACEMENT



  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the starter motor.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the field coil wire from the terminal connector on the solenoid.
  6.  
  7. Remove the mounting crews and the solenoid from the starter motor.
  8.  
  9. Place the solenoid over the spring and into position on the starter motor. Secure the solenoid with the mounting screws. Connect the field coil wire to the solenoid terminal.
  10.  
  11. Install the starter motor and connect the negative battery cable.
  12.  

 
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