Chrysler Front Wheel Drive Cars 4-CYL 1981-1995 Repair Information

Battery

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For more information on the upkeep and general maintenance of the battery and related components, refer to Routine Maintenance .

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 through 15



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Fig. Fig. 1: A special tool is available to pull the clamp from the post



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Fig. Fig. 2: Maintenance is performed with household items and with special tools like this post cleaner



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Fig. Fig. 3: The underside of this special battery tool has a wire brush to clean post terminals



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Fig. Fig. 4: Place the tool over the terminals and twist to clean the post



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Fig. Fig. 5: Clean the battery terminals until the metal is shiny



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Fig. Fig. 6: The cable ends should be cleaned as well



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Fig. Fig. 7: When removing or disconnecting the battery, always disconnect the negative battery cable first



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Fig. Fig. 8: Wrap the negative battery cable end with electrical tape to prevent accidental conductivity



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Fig. Fig. 9: Loosen and remove the hold-down nut using a long socket extension or wrench



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Fig. Fig. 10: Lift the battery cover up and off of the battery



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Fig. Fig. 11: Remove the loosened hold-down nut and hold-down bracket from the battery tray



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Fig. Fig. 12: Carefully lift the battery out of the engine compartment



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Fig. Fig. 13: If necessary, remove the battery tray-note: two bolts are located under the tray



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Fig. Fig. 14: Unplug and label the vacuum lines from the attached vacuum box ...



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Fig. Fig. 15: ... then remove the battery tray from the engine compartment


CAUTION
Batteries often develop acid leaks! During all battery handling, thick (not medical or household) rubber gloves should be worn. Failure to do this could result in acid burns!

  1. Turn the ignition switch OFF .
  2.  


WARNING
Always disconnect the negative battery cable first, otherwise possible sparking or arcing can occur causing damage to the electronic components in the vehicle.

  1. Disconnect both of the battery cable terminals, as follows:
    1. Loosen the clamping bolt and nut from the negative battery cable end.
    2.  
    3. Lift the negative battery cable end from the terminals with a twisting motion. If there is a battery cable puller available, make use of it.
    4.  
    5. Set the disconnected negative battery cable aside so that it will not accidentally come into contact with the negative terminal post of the battery while the vehicle is being serviced. Tying the cable end to another, remote component should keep it from accidentally touching the battery post. The is most important when servicing the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), or air bag.
    6.  
    7. Perform the same for the positive battery cable end.
    8.  

  2.  
  3. Remove the battery hold-down bolt and clamp. A long extension for the socket and ratchet wrench is necessary to access this hold-down bolt.
  4.  
  5. Carefully lift the battery out of the vehicle.
  6.  

To install:

WARNING
If cleaning the battery with a baking powder/water solution, make certain that no solution leaks down into the battery cells. Baking powder is an alkali and will neutralize the acid in the battery.

  1. Clean the battery tray with a mild solution of baking soda and water, using a stiff, bristle brush. If the battery is to be reinstalled, clean it as well, and then wipe it with a rag dampened in ammonia. Clean the battery and cable terminals with a stiff wire brush or a special battery terminal cleaner tool.
  2.  
  3. Carefully set the battery into the battery tray. Make sure that the positive and negative terminals are in the positions as when the battery was removed.
  4.  
  5. Locate the battery hold-down stud on the battery tray, then slide the battery away from the hold-down stud until the battery retaining lip (on the opposite side of the battery tray from the hold-down stud) engages the lower lip of the battery case. Install the hold-down clamp and nut. Tighten the nut to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Gently rock the battery back-and-forth to ensure that it is held securely to the battery tray.
  8.  
  9. Slide the positive battery cable end over the battery positive terminal until flush on the battery case. Tighten the clamping bolt nut until the cable end is securely clamped around the battery terminal. Gently wiggly the battery cable end to ensure that it is adequately tightened to the battery terminal.
  10.  
  11. Install the negative battery cable end in the same manner.
  12.  
  13. Coat the terminals with a petroleum grease or equivalent.
  14.  

 
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