Chrysler Front Wheel Drive Cars 4-CYL 1981-1995 Repair Information

Steering Wheel

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




CAUTION
On vehicles equipped with an air bag, the negative battery cable must be disconnected, isolated and a period of at least 2 minutes allowed to pass before working on the system. Failure to do so may result in deployment of the air bag and possible personal injury. Read all air bag precautions in Chassis Electrical before servicing this component.

Without Air Bag System

See Figures 1 through 8

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Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the steering wheel and electrical connectors



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Fig. Fig. 2: Remove the steering wheel pad-to-wheel retaining screws ...



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Fig. Fig. 3: ... lift the pad off of the wheel and detach the horn wires



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Fig. Fig. 4: Loosen the center steering wheel retaining nut ...



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Fig. Fig. 5: ... remove the retaining nut ...



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Fig. Fig. 6: ... then remove the spacer block



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Fig. Fig. 7: Use a steering wheel puller to break the steering wheel loose ...



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Fig. Fig. 8: ... then remove the steering wheel from the column shaft

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Straighten the steering wheel so the front tires are pointing straight forward.
  4.  
  5. Remove the horn pad. Label, then disconnect any electrical wire leads (horn, cruise control, etc.).
  6.  
  7. Remove the steering wheel hold-down nut and remove the damper, if equipped. Matchmark the steering wheel to the shaft.
  8.  
  9. Using a suitable steering wheel puller (Special Tool C-3428-B or equivalent), pull the steering wheel off of the shaft.
  10.  

Do not bump or hammer on the steering column shaft to remove the wheel.

To install:
  1. Place the steering wheel on the steering column shaft with the master splines and the matchmarks aligned.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering wheel-to-column shaft retaining nut. Tighten the nut to 52 ft. lbs. (70 Nm) for Premier vehicles and to 45 ft. lbs. (61 Nm) for all other vehicles.
  4.  

Do not force the steering wheel onto the shaft by driving it on with a heavy object. Pull the steering wheel down onto the column shaft using only the steering wheel retaining nut.

  1. Install the horn pad onto the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Connect the battery.
  4.  

With Air Bag System

See Figures 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17

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Fig. Fig. 9: Exploded view of the steering wheel, air bag module and electrical connectors



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Fig. Fig. 10: Disconnect the battery, wait at least 2 minutes, then remove the air bag retaining bolts ...



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Fig. Fig. 11: ... then lift the air bag module off of the steering wheel and ...



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Fig. Fig. 12: ... unplug the electrical connector from the back of the module



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Fig. Fig. 13: Remove the speed control panel switch (if equipped) and unplug the connector



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Fig. Fig. 14: Unplug and label all wiring connectors which interfere with steering wheel removal



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Fig. Fig. 15: Loosen and remove the steering wheel-to-steering column retaining bolt ...



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Fig. Fig. 16: ... then remove the steering wheel using a steering wheel puller



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Fig. Fig. 17: Do not hammer on the steering wheel to install it-doing so could damage the column


CAUTION
On vehicles equipped with an air bag, the negative battery cable must be disconnected, isolated and a period of at least 2 minutes allowed to pass before working on the system. Failure to do so may result in deployment of the air bag and possible personal injury. Read all air bag precautions in Chassis Electrical before servicing this component.

A steering wheel puller (Special Tool C-3428-B or equivalent) and a scan tool (DRB II or equivalent) will be needed for this procedure.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Straighten the steering wheel so the front tires are pointing straight forward.
  4.  
  5. Remove the 4 nuts located on the back side of the steering wheel that attach the air bag module to the steering wheel.
  6.  
  7. Lift the module off of the wheel, then detach the electrical connectors. Remove the speed control switch, if equipped.
  8.  

All columns except for the Acustar are equipped with a clockspring set screw held by a plastic tether on the steering wheel. Acustar-mounted clocksprings are auto-locking. If the steering column is not an Acustar and is lacking the set screw, obtain one before proceeding.

  1. If equipped with the set screw, place it in the clockspring to ensure proper positioning when the steering wheel is removed.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering wheel hold-down nut and remove the damper, if equipped. Matchmark the steering wheel to the shaft.
  4.  
  5. Using a suitable steering wheel puller (Special Tool C-3428-B or equivalent), pull the steering wheel off of the shaft.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Position the steering wheel on the steering column. Make sure the flats on the hub of the steering wheel are aligned with the formations on the clockspring.
  2.  
  3. Pull the air bag and speed control connectors through the lower, larger hole in the steering wheel and pull the horn wire through the smaller hole at the top. Make sure the wires are not pinched anywhere.
  4.  
  5. Install the damper, if equipped.
  6.  
  7. Install the hold-down nut and tighten it to 45 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  8.  
  9. If equipped with a clockspring set screw, remove the screw and place it in its storage location on the steering wheel.
  10.  
  11. Connect the horn wire.
  12.  
  13. Connect the speed control wire and install the speed control switch.
  14.  
  15. Connect the clockspring lead wire to the air bag module and install module to steering wheel.
  16.  

Do not allow anyone to enter the vehicle from this point on, until this procedure is completed.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Connect the DRB II to the Air bag System Diagnostic Module (ASDM) connector located to the right of the console.
  4.  
  5. From the passenger side of the vehicle, turn the key to the ON position.
  6.  
  7. Check to make sure nobody has entered the vehicle. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Using the DRB II, read and record any active fault data or stored codes.
  10.  
  11. If any active fault codes are present, perform the proper diagnostic procedures before continuing.
  12.  
  13. If there are no active fault codes, erase the stored fault codes; if there are active codes, the stored codes will not erase.
  14.  
  15. From the passenger side of the vehicle, turn the key OFF , then ON and observe the instrument cluster air bag warning light. It should come on for 6-8 seconds, then go out, indicating the system is functioning normally. If the warning light either fails to come on, or stays lit, there is a system malfunction and further diagnostics are needed.
  16.  

AIR BAG DISARMING
  1. Position the front wheels in the straight ahead position and place the key in the LOCK position.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable and insulate the cable end with high-quality electrical tape or similar non-conductive wrapping.
  4.  
  5. Wait at least 3 minutes before working on the vehicle. The air bag system is designed to retain enough voltage to deploy for a short period of time even after the battery has been disconnected.
  6.  
  7. If necessary, enter the vehicle from the passenger side and turn the ignition key to unlock the steering column.
  8.  

 
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