Unlike gasoline engines, diesel engines have little vacuum available to power brake booster systems.
A hydraulically powered brake booster is used on diesel models. The power steering pump provides the fluid pressure to operate both the brake booster and the power steering gear.
The hydro-boost assembly contains a valve which controls pump pressure while braking, a lever to control the position of the valve and a boost piston to provide the force to operate a conventional master cylinder attached to the front of the booster. The hydro-boost also has a reserve system, designed to store sufficient pressurized fluid to provide at least 2 brake applications in the event of insufficient fluid flow from the power steering pump. The brakes can also be applied unassisted if the reserve system is depleted.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
- Remove the master cylinder from the Hydro-Boost unit. DO NOT disconnect the brake lines from the master cylinder or the entire system will have to be bled! Instead, position the master cylinder out of the way, being careful not to kink or damage the hydraulic lines.
- Disconnect the 3 hydraulic lines from the Hydro-Boost unit.
- Disconnect the pushrod from the brake pedal.
- Remove the booster mounting nuts and lift the booster from the firewall.
- Position the booster on the vehicle, then install and tighten the booster mounting nuts to 30 ft. lbs. (40.6 Nm)
- Connect the pushrod and tighten nuts to 30 ft. lbs. (40.6 Nm). Remove the plugs from the hydraulic lines and connect them to the respective ports. Tighten the tube nuts to 34 ft. lbs. (46 Nm).
- If removed, connect the brake pedal return spring.
- Connect the 3 hydraulic lines to the Hydro-Boost unit.
- Install the master cylinder to the booster and secure using the mounting nuts.
Refill and bleed the booster as follows:
- Fill the pump reservoir with ATF+3 ATF.
- Disconnect the coil wires and crank the engine for several seconds.
- Check the fluid level and refill, if necessary.
- Connect the coil wires and start the engine.
- With the engine running, turn the steering wheel lock-to-lock twice. Shut off the engine.
- Depress the brake pedal several times to discharge the accumulator.
- Start the engine and repeat Step e.
- If foam appears in the reservoir, allow the foam to dissipate.
- Repeat Step e as often as necessary to expel all air from the system.
The system is, in effect, self-bleeding and normal truck operation will expel any further trapped air.