See Figures 1 through 12
Naturally, without the proper tools and equipment it is impossible to properly service your vehicle. It would be impossible to catalog each tool that you would need to perform each (or even most) operation(s) in this repair guide. It would also be unwise for the amateur to rush out and buy an expensive set of tools on the theory that he/she may need one or more of them at sometime.
The best approach is to proceed slowly gathering together a good quality set of those tools that are used most frequently. Don't be misled by the low cost of bargain tools. It is far better to spend a little more for better quality. Forged wrenches, 6 or 12-point sockets and fine tooth ratchets are by far preferable to their less expensive counterparts. As any good mechanic can tell you, there are few worse experiences than trying to work on a truck with bad tools. Your monetary savings will be far outweighed by frustration and mangled knuckles.
Begin by accumulating those tools that are used most frequently; those associated with routine maintenance and tune-up. In addition to the normal assortment of screwdrivers and pliers you should have the following tools for routine maintenance jobs:
If possible, buy various length socket drive extensions. One break in this department is that the metric sockets available in the U.S. will fit the ratchet handles and extensions you may already have (1/4in.,3/8in., and1/2in. drive).
In addition to the above items there are several others that are not absolutely necessary, but handy to have around. these include a form of oil dry (a cat litter like substance which absorbs fluids), a transmission funnel and the usual supply of lubricants, antifreeze and fluids, although these can be purchased as needed. This is a basic list for routine maintenance, but only your personal needs and desire can accurately determine your list of tools.
The second list of tools is for tune-ups. While the tools involved here are slightly more sophisticated, they need not be outrageously expensive. There are several inexpensive tach/dwell meters on the market that are every bit as good for the average mechanic as an expensive professional model. Just be sure that it goes to a least 1,200-1,500 rpm on the tach scale and that it works on 4, 6, 8 cylinder engines. (A special tach is needed for diesel engines). A basic list of tune-up equipment could include:
Here again, be guided by your own needs. A feeler blade will set the points as easily as a dwell meter will read the dwell, but with some sacrifice to accuracy. And since you will need a tachometer anyway... well, make your own decision.
In addition to these basic tools, there are several other tools and gauges you may find useful. These include:
As a final note, you will probably find a torque wrench necessary for all but the most basic work. The beam-type models are perfectly adequate, although the newer click-types are more precise.