Chrysler Full-Size Trucks 1997-2000 Repair Guide

Rack & Pinion Steering

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Late model Dakota and Durango vehicles are equipped with rack and pinion steering.



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Fig. Rack and pinion steering gear components-Dakota, Durango



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Fig. Power steering pump (1), gear (2) and oil cooler (3)-a typical rack and pinion steering system

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



  1. Raise and support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. 4WD: remove the splash shield.
  4.  
  5. Remove the nuts from the tie rod ends.
  6.  
  7. Separate the tie rod ends from the knuckles with a suitable puller.
  8.  
  9. Remove the power steering lines from the gear.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower coupler bolt and slide the coupler off the gear.
  12.  
  13. Remove the mounting bolts from the gear to front crossmember and remove the gear.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Reverse the removal procedure. Note the torque specifications for the fastening hardware.
  2.  
  3. Fill the system with fluid and perform the power steering pump initial operation procedure.
  4.  
  5. Realign the front end.
  6.  



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Fig. Tighten mounting bolts to the correct specification-Dakota, Durango

Tie Rod Ends
  1. Remove the cotter pin and the castellated nut from the outer tie rod end. Discard the cotter pin.
  2.  
  3. Separate the outer tie rod end from the steering knuckle using an appropriate tie rod end remover.
  4.  
  5. Mark the outer tie rod jam nut on one side with a reference line for installation.
  6.  
  7. Hold the outer tie rod end with a wrench and loosen the tie rod end jam nut.
  8.  
  9. Back the tie rod end jam nut off ONE FULL TURN ONLY.
  10.  
  11. Remove the outer tie rod end from the inner tie rod spindle.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Clean the threads on the inner tie rod spindle (front wheel spindle connecting rod).
  2.  
  3. Thread the new outer tie rod end onto the inner tie rod until it bottoms on the jam nut.
  4.  
  5. Back the tie rod and jam nut out one full turn until the reference line is in the same position as before.
  6.  
  7. Place the outer tie rod end stud into the steering knuckle. Set the front wheels in a straight-ahead position.
  8.  
  9. Install a new castellated nut onto the outer tie rod end stud.
  10.  
  11. Torque the nut to the proper specification.
  12.  
  13. Continue to tighten the castellated nut until a new cotter pin can be inserted through the hole in the stud. Install a new cotter pin.
  14.  
  15. If required, repeat the procedure for the opposite side.
  16.  
  17. Check the alignment and set the toe adjustment to specification.
  18.  
  19. Torque the outer tie rod end jam nut to the proper torque.
  20.  

Boot Seal
  1. Remove the steering gear.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the jam nut and remove the tie rod end and jam nut.
  4.  
  5. Remove the outer clamp from the rubber boot.
  6.  
  7. Remove the boot inner clamp.
  8.  
  9. On 2WD, mark the breather tube location on steering gear before removing the rubber boot.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Lubricate the boot outer groove (tie rod) with silicone type lubricant. Ensure that the boot is not twisted.
  2.  
  3. On 2WD, align the breather tube with the reference mark on the steering gear.
  4.  
  5. Position and align the new boot over the housing.
  6.  
  7. Install the inner clamp on the rubber boot.
  8.  
  9. Install the snorkel clamp on 2WD vehicles.
  10.  
  11. Install the outer clamp on the inner tie rod.
  12.  
  13. Install the jam nut and the tie rod end.
  14.  
  15. Install the steering gear.
  16.  



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Fig. Boot seal assembly-2WD shown

 
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