REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
The bumpers, front or rear, are actually assemblies. The outer surface is the cover or fascia, behind which may be found absorbent materials (foam block or honeycomb lattice) and the reinforcing steel bar. The components cannot be removed separately; the entire assembly must be removed from the car and then broken down into individual pieces.
The bumper covers are generally made of urethane. If this heavy, flexible plastic receives minor damage, generally under 1 in. (25mm), it can be repaired by a reputable body shop using established industry methods. Like any body repair, the bumper will require painting and should be removed from the car. In the event of more extensive damage, the cover can be replaced individually after the bumper is removed. This will save the cost of a complete bumper assembly.FRONT
See Figures 1, 2 and 3
- On some models it will be necessary to remove the grille and valance panel.
- Disconnect the wiring to the front turn signal lights. The lights may stay in the bumper if you wish.
- Disconnect the front bumper from the side stays on each side.
- Remove the bumper corner ends.
- Remove the bolts attaching the front bumper support to the frame and remove the front bumper.
- When reinstalling, place the bumper on the truck and tighten the retaining bolts finger-tight. Align the holes and install the side bolts to the side stays.
- Check the bumper for correct alignment; it should not sag or hang on an angle. Adjust its position as needed and tighten the bolts.
- Connect the wiring for the turn signals.
- Install the front skirt panel.
Not all Pick-ups are delivered with rear bumpers. Those that do have bumpers at the rear may have either the optional bumper or one of a number of aftermarket products. In general, the rear bumper simply bolts to the frame, but the style and manufacture of the bumper may affect its installation.
Removal of these bumpers is generally straightforward, but be warned that some bumpers, notably the plate steel ones, are extremely heavy! Use a floor jack to help support the unit and have an assistant handy throughout the removal or installation. If the bumper contains any lighting or electrical equipment, remember to disconnect or remove it before separating the bumper from the truck.