The Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) system should be checked and cleaned at least every five years or 50,000 miles (80,000 km) on average. Inspection and service should be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected. Severe usage conditions may require shorter intervals-refer to the owner's manual for your truck.
To prevent combustion blow-by gasses from entering the atmosphere, all Dodge gasoline engines use a closed type crankcase ventilation system. On the 1979-80 models a small orifice is fixed into the intake manifold or at the valve cover. On 1981 and later models, the system uses a PCV valve that is threaded into the valve cover. The PCV system supplies fresh air from the air cleaner through a metered orifice in the PCV valve to the crankcase. Inside the crankcase, fresh air is mixed with the blow-by gasses. This mixture passes through the PCV valve and into the air induction system.
The diesel engine does not use a PCV system; the crankcase vapors are instead routed through a breather hose and pipe where they are introduced into the intake airstream. After passing through the turbocharger, they enter the engine to be reburned.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
See Figures 1, 2 and 3
- Use a wrench to unscrew the PCV valve at the valve cover. It may be necessary to disconnect the hose at the outer end of the PCV to avoid twisting it too much (see the first part of the next step). If necessary, reconnect the PCV hose. Then, start the engine and run it at idle. You should hear a hissing sound as air is drawn into the valve. Place your finger over the inlet. You should be able to feel a strong vacuum. If not, the valve will have to be replaced. Stop the engine.
- Using a pair of pliers, pinch open the clamp that fastens the hose to the outer end of the PCV and then slide the clamp back a few inches. Pull the valve out of the hose. Then, blow through the threaded end of the valve. If air will pass freely through the valve, the valve is okay. If not, try to flush it out with spray solvent and if that doesn't work, replace it. PCV valves are not serviceable.
- Clean both PCV hoses by spraying a safe solvent, such as a fuel injection safe throttle body cleaner and gum cutter solvent, through them. Inspect the hoses for cracks or excessive stiffness, and replace, as necessary.
- Install the old PCV valve or replace it with a new one in reverse order. Be careful not to crossthread the valve into the aluminum valve cover, and do not overtighten it.