Continental 2000-2002

Bleeding

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  1. Disconnect the ignition coil.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle so the front wheels are off the floor.
  4.  
  5. Fill the power steering fluid reservoir.
  6.  
  7. Crank the engine with the starter and add fluid until the level remains constant.
  8.  
  9. While cranking the engine, rotate the steering wheel from lock-to-lock.
  10.  


NOTE
The front wheels must be off the floor during lock-to-lock rotation of the steering wheel.

  1. Check the fluid level and add fluid, if necessary.
  2.  
  3. Connect the ignition coil wire. Start the engine and allow it to run for several minutes.
  4.  
  5. Rotate the steering wheel from lock-to-lock.
  6.  
  7. Shut off the engine and check the fluid level. Add fluid, if necessary.
  8.  
  9. If air is still present in the system, purge the system of air using power steering pump air evacuator tool 021-00014 or equivalent, as follows:
    1. Make sure the power steering pump reservoir is full to the COLD FULL mark on the dipstick or to just above the minimum indication on the reservoir.
    2.  
    3. Tightly insert the rubber stopper of the air evacuator assembly into the pump reservoir fill neck.
    4.  
    5. Apply 15 in. Hg maximum vacuum on the pump reservoir for a minimum of 3 minutes with the engine idling. As air purges from the system, vacuum will fall off. Maintain adequate vacuum with the vacuum source.
    6.  
    7. Release the vacuum and remove the vacuum source. Fill the reservoir to the COLD FULL mark or to just above the minimum indication on the reservoir.
    8.  
    9. With the engine idling, apply 15 in. Hg vacuum to the pump reservoir. Slowly cycle the steering wheel from lock-to-lock every 30 seconds for approximately 5 minutes. Do not hold the steering wheel on the stops while cycling. Maintain adequate vacuum with the vacuum source as the air purges.
    10.  
    11. Release the vacuum and remove the vacuum source. Add fluid, if necessary.
    12.  
    13. Start the engine and cycle the steering wheel.
    14.  
    15. Check for oil leaks at all connections.
    16.  

  10.  
  11. In severe cases of aeration, it may be necessary to repeat the purging procedure.
  12.  

Filling The System




NOTE
This procedure requires the use of the following special tools, or their equivalents: Vacuum Pump Kit 416-D002 (D95L-7559-A), Power Steering Evacuation Cap 211-265, Power Steering Fill Adapter Manifold 211-327.


WARNING
If the air is not purged from the power steering system correctly, premature power steering pump failure can result. The condition can occur on pre-delivery vehicles with evidence of aerated fluid or on vehicles that have had steering component repairs.

  1. Remove the power steering pump reservoir cap.
  2.  
  3. Tightly install the evacuation cap to the power steering pump reservoir.
  4.  
  5. Install the hose from the fill adapter manifold tee to the evacuation cap on the power steering pump reservoir.
  6.  
  7. Install the vacuum pump to the fill adapter manifold control valve.
  8.  
  9. Install the hose to the opposite fill adapter manifold control valve and submerge the open end of the hose into a container of clean, fresh power steering fluid.
    NOTE
    The fill adapter manifold control valves are in the open position when the point of the handles face the center of the fill adapter manifold.

  10.  
  11. Open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  12.  
  13. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the vacuum pump.
  14.  
  15. Using the vacuum pump, apply 25-30 in. Hg (84-101 kPa) of vacuum to the power steering system.
  16.  
  17. Observe the vacuum gauge for 30 seconds.
  18.  
  19. If the vacuum gauge reading drops more than 1 in. Hg (3 kPa), correct any leaks in the power steering system or the filling tools before proceeding.
    NOTE
    The vacuum pump gauge reading will drop slightly during this step.

  20.  
  21. Slowly open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container until power steering fluid completely fills the hose.
  22.  
  23. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  24.  
  25. Using the vacuum pump, apply 25-30 in. Hg (84-101 kPa) of vacuum to the power steering system.
  26.  
  27. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the vacuum pump.
  28.  
  29. Slowly open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  30.  
  31. When the power steering fluid has drained from the hose connected to the power steering fluid container, close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  32.  
  33. Remove the tools from the vehicle.
  34.  
  35. Install the power steering reservoir cap.
    WARNING
    Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than 3 to 5 seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump can occur.


    NOTE
    There will be a slight drop in the power steering fluid level in the power steering fluid reservoir when the engine is started.

  36.  
  37. Start the engine and turn the steering wheel from stop-to-stop 10 times.
  38.  
  39. Turn the ignition switch OFF .
    WARNING
    Do not overfill the reservoir.

  40.  
  41. Remove the power steering reservoir cap and fill the reservoir.
  42.  
  43. Install the power steering reservoir cap.
  44.  

Purging Air From The System




NOTE
This procedure requires the use of a suitable vacuum tester.


WARNING
If the air is not purged from the power steering system correctly, pump failure could result. This condition can occur on pre-delivery vehicles with evidence of aerated fluid or on vehicles that had steering component repairs.


NOTE
A whine heard from the power steering pump may be caused by air in the system. The power steering purge procedure must be performed prior to any component repair for which power steering noise complaints are accompanied by evidence of aerated fluid.

  1. Remove the fluid reservoir cap and check the fluid.
  2.  
  3. Tightly insert the stopper of the vacuum pump into the fluid reservoir.
  4.  
  5. Start the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. Apply maximum vacuum for a minimum of three minutes at idle. Maintain maximum vacuum with the source.
  8.  
  9. Release the vacuum and remove the vacuum source.
  10.  
  11. Add fluid to the appropriate level.
  12.  
  13. Use Motorcraft MERCON Multi-Purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid XT-2-QDX meeting Ford specification MERCON or equivalent.
  14.  
  15. Reinstall the vacuum source and apply vacuum.
    WARNING
    Do not hold the steering wheel in the far left or right position or damage to the power steering may result.

  16.  
  17. Cycle the steering wheel from stop to stop every 30 seconds for approximately 5 minutes.
  18.  
  19. Remove the vacuum source and install the fluid reservoir cap.
  20.  
  21. Check the fluid level and for leaks at all connections. If the power steering still shows signs of aeration, repeat this procedure.  
  22.  

 
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