The air conditioning system contains refrigerant under high pressure. Severe personal injury may results from improper service procedures. Repairs should only be performed by qualified service personnel. Avoid breathing the refrigerant and refrigerant oil vapor or mist. Exposure may irritate the eyes, nose and/or throat. Wear eye protection when servicing the air conditioning refrigerant system. Serious eye injury can result from direct contact with the refrigerant. If eye contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately. Do not expose the refrigerant to open flame. Poisonous gas is created when refrigerant is burned. An electronic leak detector is recommended.
If accidental system discharge occurs, ventilate the work area before resuming service. Large amounts of refrigerant released in a closed work area with displace the oxygen and cause suffocation. The evaporation rate of R-134A refrigerant at average room temperature and altitude is extremely high. As a result, anything that comes in contact with the refrigerant will freeze. Always protect the skin or delicate objects from direct contact with refrigerant.
The R-134A service equipment or the vehicle refrigerant system should not be pressure or leak tested with compressed air. Some mixtures of air and R-134A have been shown to be combustible at elevated pressures.
Liquid refrigerant is corrosive to metal surfaces. Follow the operating instructions supplied with the service equipment being used.
Never add R-12 to a refrigerant system designed to use R-134a. Damage to the system will result. R-12 refrigerant oil must not be mixed with R-134a refrigerant oil. They are not compatible. Do not use R-12 equipment or parts on the R-134a system. Damage to the system will result.
Do not overcharge the refrigerant system. This will cause excessive compressor head pressure and can cause noise and system failure. Recover the refrigerant before opening any fitting or connection. Open the fittings with caution, even after the system has been discharged. Never open or loosen a connection before recovering the refrigerant. The refrigerant system must always be evacuated before charging. Do not open the refrigerant system or uncap a replacement component until you are ready to service the system. This will prevent contamination in the system. Before disconnecting a component, clean the outside of the fittings thoroughly to prevent contamination from entering the refrigerant system. Immediately after disconnecting a component from the refrigerant system, seal the open fittings with a cap or plug. Before connecting an open refrigerant fitting, always install a new seal or gasket. Coat the fitting and seal with clean refrigerant oil before connecting. Do not remove the sealing caps from a replacement component until it is to be installed.
When installing a refrigerant line, avoid sharp bends that may restrict refrigerant flow. Position the refrigerant lines away from exhaust system components or any sharp edges, which may damage the line. Tighten refrigerant fittings only to the specified torque. The aluminum fittings used in the refrigerant system will not tolerate overtightening.
When disconnecting a refrigerant fitting, use a wrench on both halves of the fitting. This will prevent twisting of the refrigerant lines or tubes.
Refrigerant oil will absorb moisture from the atmosphere if left uncapped. Do not open a container of refrigerant oil until you are ready to use it. Replace the cap on the oil container immediately after using. Store refrigerant oil only in a clean, airtight, and moisture-free container.
Keep service tools and the work area clean. Contamination of the refrigerant system through careless work habits must be avoided.