Honda CRV/Odyssey 1995-2000 Repair Information

Brake Pads

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The brake pads should be inspected during every oil change. Brake wear varies with vehicle use and driving habits. Constant stop and go driving is likely to wear the linings much more quickly than highway driving. Vehicles equipped with an automatic transaxle are more likely to wear the linings more quickly than those equipped with a manual transmission.

Driving habits also affect brake wear. Aggressive braking from high speeds is likely to wear the linings more quickly than slow gradual stops. Aggressive braking also generates much more heat which could result in premature brake rotor wear, potential rotor warpage and wheel bearing damage, as the heat generated can decrease the ability of the grease to adequately lubricate the sealed wheel bearing.

Some brake pads are equipped with audible wear sensors. When the brake linings reach their wear limit, a small metal tab begins to contact the brake rotor, making an audible, but light scraping noise which initially occurs when the brakes are used. Eventually it will make a high pitched scraping noise any time the vehicle is moving, being most noticeable at slow speeds.


CAUTION
Older brake pads or shoes may contain asbestos, which has been determined to be cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surface with compressed air! Avoid physical contact or inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.


WARNING
If a scraping noise is heard when applying the brakes, inspect the brake linings immediately.

Sometimes brakes do squeal even though the brake linings are not worn. In this instance, the brake squeal usually diminishes when the brakes are used hard.

Causes of brake squeal include the following:



Rust or debris built up between the brake pad backing and caliper bracket
 
Insufficient lubricant on the sliding pins
 
Loose brake pad shims
 
Brake rotor surface wear and/or a ridge on the outer circumference of the brake rotor
 
Glazed, contaminated or improper brake linings
 

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Front



  1. Use a siphon or clean turkey baster to remove about half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder. Or remove all of the fluid, clean the reservoir with an approved brake cleaner and a clean lint-free cloth and fill 1 / 2 full with fresh brake fluid.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle with jackstands.
  4.  
  5. Remove the front tire/wheel assemblies.
  6.  
  7. If necessary, remove the brake hose mounting bolts from the steering knuckle.
  8.  

Regardless of their wear pattern, when brake pads are replaced on one side of the vehicle, they must also be replaced on the other side. It is advisable, however, to complete one side before beginning the other.

  1. Working on one brake caliper at a time, remove the lower brake caliper bolt and pivot the caliper up and out of the way.
  2.  


WARNING
Once a brake caliper has been lifted away from the brake pads, do not press the brake pedal.

  1. Remove the brake pads and shims.
  2.  

See Figures 1 through 7

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Fig. Fig. 1: To remove the front brake pads, remove the lower caliper mounting bolt ...



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Fig. Fig. 2: ... then pivot the brake caliper up, off of the brake pads



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Fig. Fig. 3: Once the caliper is pivoted up, you can remove the brake pads from the caliper bracket



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Fig. Fig. 4: Before installation, put a light coating of an anti-seizing compound onto the tabs of the brake pad backing ...



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Fig. Fig. 5: ... also lubricate the caliper sliders with a high temperature brake grease



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Fig. Fig. 6: You must press the brake caliper piston back into the piston bore, smoothly and gradually using a brake caliper piston tool. If necessary, use a suitable socket as a spacer ...



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Fig. Fig. 7: ... you can also use a large C-clamp, centered in the piston cavity to carefully press the piston into the caliper bore

To install:
  1. If the pad thickness is less than the service requirement, replace them.
  2.  
  3. Clean and check the brake rotor for cracks and uneven wear, or an excessive ridge on the outer circumference. Measure the brake rotor thickness with a micrometer and replace the rotor if the measured thickness is less than the minimum thickness specification stamped into the rotor.
  4.  
  5. Clean the caliper brackets, and lubricate the bracket sliding pins with a high temperature brake grease.
  6.  
  7. Apply a light coat of an anti-seizing compound to the brake pad backing tabs and the slots the tabs are installed into on the brake caliper bracket.
  8.  
  9. Make sure all the brake pad shims are properly and securely installed. If equipped with wear indicators, install the brake pad such that the wear indicator is at the top of the inside brake pad.
  10.  
  11. If the brake pads are being replaced, the brake caliper piston must be pressed back into the caliper body as follows:
    1. Clean the exposed portion of the brake caliper piston with an approved brake cleaner, and wipe off any residual debris using a clean lint-less cloth.
    2.  
    3. Using a tool designed for retracting brake caliper pistons or a suitable C-clamp, press on the center of the brake piston using a slow, light, even pressure to press the piston into the caliper. If necessary, place a suitable sized socket in the center cavity of the piston to act as a spacer, or, use an old brake pad to lay across the piston.
    4.  

  12.  


WARNING
Do not force the brake caliper piston back into the caliper. If the piston begins to bind, stop immediately until the cause can be determined.

Possible causes for a brake caliper piston to bind include:



An out of round brake caliper piston
 
An excessively worn brake caliper bore and/or brake piston
 
Excessive corrosion or debris built up on the brake piston surface or caliper bore
 


WARNING
When reusing the old brake pads, be sure to install them in the same positions to prevent an increase in stopping distance.

  1. Using an old pad as a cushion, push the piston into the caliper to allow enough space for the new pads. Or, you can use a large C-clamp, or other suitable tool, to completely retract the piston into the caliper.
  2.  
  3. Install all the mounting bolts.
  4.  
  5. Check the master cylinder brake reservoir fluid level and top off as necessary.
  6.  
  7. Once the brake calipers are completely installed, press the brake pedal in short 2 inch (50mm) strokes until the brake pedal is firm. Avoid pressing the brake pedal more than 2 inches because the wear in the master cylinder bore could damage the internal seals. Depress and hold the brake several times to ensure they work.
  8.  
  9. Carefully road test the vehicle. Allow approximately 200 miles (320km) of driving for new brake pads to fully seat.
  10.  

Rear

4-CYLINDER ODYSSEY MODELS

The 4-cylinder Odyssey models are equipped with hydraulic disc brakes on the rear wheels. The disc brake rotor also has an internal brake drum machined into the center of the rotor assembly. The drum portion of the rotor assembly is used for the mechanical parking brake.

  1. Use a siphon or clean turkey baster to remove about half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder.
  2.  
  3. Raise and properly support the vehicle. Remove the rear tire/wheel assemblies.
  4.  
  5. Unfasten the lower caliper mounting bolt, then pivot the caliper upward from the bracket.
  6.  
  7. Remove the pad shims, retainers and brake pads. If the brake pads are worn below specification, replace the pads.
  8.  

See Figures 8 and 9

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Fig. Fig. 8: Once the caliper body is pivoted upward, the brake pads can be removed from the bracket assembly.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 9: When lowering the brake caliper assembly in place, make sure the piston is pressed back into the bore, and be careful not to damage the piston dust seal and the lower pin boot

To install:
  1. If the brake pads are being replaced, the brake caliper piston must be pressed back into the caliper body. Refer to the procedure in front disc brake pad replacement in this section for details.
  2.  
  3. Clean and remove any rust from the mounting bracket and caliper assembly.
  4.  
  5. Clean the brake disc and check for cracks.
  6.  
  7. Apply Molykote M77®or equivalent grease to the back of the brake pads and shims.
  8.  


WARNING
Do not apply any grease to the friction material.

  1. Install the brake pads and shims into the caliper bracket.
  2.  
  3. Carefully rotate the brake caliper into place, making sure to not damage the piston dust boot and the mounting pin boot, then install and tighten the caliper mounting bolt to 17 ft. lbs. (23 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Check the master cylinder brake reservoir fluid level and top off as necessary.
  6.  
  7. Once the brake calipers are completely installed, press the brake pedal in short 2 inch (50mm) strokes until the brake pedal is firm. Avoid pressing the brake pedal more than 2 inches because the wear in the master cylinder bore could damage the internal seals. Depress and hold the brake several times to ensure they work.
  8.  
  9. Carefully road test the vehicle. Allow approximately 200 miles of driving for new brake pads to fully seat.
  10.  

INSPECTION



You should check the brake pads every 6,000 miles (9,600km), any time the oil is changed or wheels are removed. Inspect both ends of the outer brake pad by looking in at each end of the caliper. These are the points at which the highest rate of wear normally occurs. Also, check the thickness on the inner brake pad to make sure it is not wearing prematurely. Some inboard pads have a thermal layer against the steel backing surface which is integrally molded with the pad. Do not confuse this extra layer with unev