Dodge Aspen/Volare 1976-1980 Repair Guide




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Fig. Fig. 1 Engine mounts used on the 225 cu. in. 6-cylinder engine

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Fig. Fig. 2 Engine mounts used on the 318 and 360 cu. in. 8-cylinder engines

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Fig. Fig. 3 Rear engine (transmission-to-crossmember) mount used on all vehicles

There are two methods of engine removal. The first is to remove the transmission from the car, then take out the engine. The second is to remove only the engine, leaving the transmission in place.

If the car has air conditioning, detach the compressor from the engine and set it aside. Do not disconnect any refrigerant linesrefer to air conditioning in . Keep the compressor upright. On reinstallation, turn the compressor pulley by hand a few turns to make sure that all the compressor oil is in the sump.

Transmission and Engine
  1. Scribe the outline of the hood hinge brackets on the bottom of the hood and remove the hood.
  3. Drain the cooling system. Remove the radiator.
  5. Remove and plug the fuel lines from the pump. Remove the air cleaner.
  7. Being sure to take note of their positions, remove all wires and hoses which attach to the engine (except air conditioning hoses). Remove all emission control equipment which may be damaged by the engine removal procedure. Remove the emission canister, coolant reservoir, and any other interfering items.
  9. If the vehicle is equipped with air conditioning and/or power steering, remove the unit from the engine and position it out of the way without disconnecting the lines.
  11. On six-cylinder models, attach a lifting sling to the engine cylinder head. On V8 models remove the carburetor and attach the engine lifting fixture to the carburetor flange studs on the intake manifold.
  13. Raise the vehicle support the rear of the engine with a jack.
  15. On automatic transmission models, drain the transmission and torque converter. On standard transmission models, disconnect the clutch torque shaft from the engine.
  17. Disconnect the exhaust pipe/s from the exhaust manifold/s.
  19. Remove the driveshaft.
  21. Disconnect the transmission linkage and any wiring or cables which attach to the transmission.
  23. Remove the engine rear support crossmember and remove the transmission.
  25. Remove the bolts which attach the motor mounts to the chassis.
  27. Lower the vehicle and attach a chain hoist or other lifting device to the engine.
  29. Raise the engine and carefully remove it from the vehicle.
  31. Reverse above procedure to install.

Engine Alone

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Fig. Fig. 4 Removing the engine with the transmission still installed in the vehicle. Use a clamp on the automatic transmission bellhousing to keep the torque converter from falling out

It is possible to remove the engine without removing the transmission. If this is to be done, care must be taken not to allow the weight of the engine to rest on the torque converter hub (automatic transmission) or transmission input shaft (standard transmission).

Perform Steps 1-7 and 10 of the "Removal of Transmission and Engine" operation. If the car has an automatic transmission, attach a remote starter switch to the engine, remove the inspection plate from the bellhousing, crank the engine to gain access to the torque converter-to-drive-plate attaching nuts and remove the nuts. Remove the starter. If the car has a manual transmission, disconnect the clutch torque shaft from the engine block and the clutch linkage from the adjustment rod. Remove the bolt which attaches the transmission filler tube to the engine (automatic transmission). Support the transmission and remove the bolts which attach the transmission to the engine or clutch bellhousing. When removing the engine, place a block of wood on the lifting point of a floor jack and position the jack under the transmission. As the engine is removed from the vehicle, raise and lower the jack as required so that the angle of the transmission duplicates as nearly as possible the angle of the engine. Use a clamp so that the torque converter doesn't fall out of the transmission.

When installing the engine into a vehicle with an automatic transmission, keep in mind that the crankshaft flange bolt circle, the inner and outer circle of holes in the driveplate, and the four tapped holes in the front face of the converter all have one hole offset. To ensure proper engine-torque converter balance, the torque converter must be mounted to the driveplate in the same location in which it was originally installed.

When installing the engine into a vehicle with a manual transmission, it may be necessary to disconnect the driveshaft, and turn the transmission output shaft, with the transmission in gear, to get the transmission input shaft splines to mesh with the inner hub on the clutch disc.