Dodge Omni/Horizon/Rampage 1978-1989 Repair Guide

Starter

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The starter is an overrunning clutch drive type with a solenoid mounted on the starter motor. Six different type starters are used on these models. Two each are built by Nippondenso, Bosch and Mitsubishi for manual and automatic transaxle applications. Removal and installation procedures are the same for all units.

Some early production models may experience starter motor damage due to improper fit of the upper and lower steering column shrouds. Irregularities in the mating surface of the key cylinder area may cause the ignition key to bind, causing the starter to be continuously engaged. The condition can be corrected by loosening the shroud cover screws about 1 1 / 2 turns.

If loosening the screws does not solve the problem, the covers will have to be replaced with new parts, which are available only in black and must be painted to match interior trim.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. If equipped, remove the heat shield.
  4.  
  5. On the 2.2L loosen the air pump tube at the exhaust manifold, then swivel the bracket away from the starter.
  6.  
  7. Remove the wires from the starter and solenoid.
  8.  
  9. Support the starter, remove the bolts and lift the unit out from the flywheel housing.
  10.  
  11. Installation is the reverse of removal.
  12.  



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Fig. Fig. 1 Starter mounting on the 1.6L engine



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Fig. Fig. 2 Mounting for the 1.7L engine with A-412 manual transaxle



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Fig. Fig. 3 Mounting on the 1.7L engine with the A-404 automatic transaxle



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Fig. Fig. 4 Mounting for the 1.7L A-460 manual transaxle and the 2.2L manual or automatic transaxle



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Fig. Fig. 5 Starter Specifications

SOLENOID REPLACEMENT



  1. Remove the starter from the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect any wiring that may be connecting the solenoid and starter.
  4.  
  5. Loosen the solenoid mounting screws, then slide it off the starter.
  6.  

To install:

  1. Position the new solenoid on the starter, tighten the mounting screws.
  2.  
  3. Connect any wiring from the starter to the solenoid.
  4.  
  5. Install the starter.
  6.  

 
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