Dodge Omni/Horizon/Rampage 1978-1989 Repair Guide

Manual and Power Steering Gear

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




WARNING
An assistant will be needed to perform this procedure.

  1. Loosen the wheel nuts. Raise the vehicle and support it securely by the body.
  2.  
  3. Detach the tie rod ends at the steering knuckles as described above.
  4.  
  5. Support the lower front suspension crossmember securely with a jack. Then, remove all four suspension crossmember attaching bolts. Lower the crossmember with the jack until it is possible to gain access to the steering gear and the lower steering column. Slide the gear off the steering column coupling.
  6.  
  7. Remove the splash shields and boot seal shields.
  8.  
  9. If the car has power steering, remove the fasteners from the hose locating bracket attachment points. Get a drain pan and disconnect both hoses at the opening nearest the steering gear and drain them into the pan. Discard the O-rings.
  10.  
  11. Remove the bolts attaching the power steering unit to the crossmember.
  12.  
  13. Remove the steering gear from the crossmember by pulling it off the steering column coupling and then removing it.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Position the steering gear on the crossmember. Tighten the fasteners to 250 inch lbs. (28 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Raise the crossmember into position with the jack, lining up the steering column coupling and the corresponding fitting on the end of the steering rack pinion shaft. Have an assistant inside the car help to position the column. If the car has manual steering, make sure the master serrations are lined up. Then, maneuver the crossmember/rack assembly so as to engage the column coupling and pinion shaft.
  4.  
  5. Position the crossmember so the bolt holes will line up. Install the bolts, but do not tighten them. Merely start the threads. Tighten the right rear bolt, which serves as a pilot bolt to properly located the crossmember. Then, tighten all four bolts to 90 ft. lbs. (122 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Reconnect the tie rod ends, as described above.
  8.  
  9. Wipe the ends of the power steering pump hoses and the ports in the steering gear. Install new O-rings on the hose tube ends and coat them with power steering fluid. Then, route the hose carefully in all clips and in such a way as to avoid kinks or close proximity to any exhaust system parts.
  10.  
  11. Make the hose connections and tighten them to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm). Refill the power steering pump with approved fluid.
  12.  
  13. Adjust toe in. Bleed the power steering system. Run the engine and check for leaks.
  14.  
  15. Have the wheel alignment checked as soon as possible.
  16.  



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Fig. Fig. 1 Basic Steering Column Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 2 Basic Steering Column Diagnosis(Cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 3 Basic Ignition Switch Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 4 Basic Turn Signal Switch Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 5 Basic Turn Signal Switch Diagnosis(Cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 6 Basic Manual Steering Gear Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 7 Basic Power Steering Gear Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 8 Basic Power Steering Gear Diagnosis(Cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 9 Basic Power Steering Pump Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 10 Basic Power Steering Pump Diagnosis(Cont.)

 
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