Inspection & Gapping
Check the plugs for deposits and wear. If they are not going to be replaced, clean the plugs thoroughly. Remember that any kind of deposit will decrease the efficiency of the plug. Plugs can be cleaned on a spark plug cleaning machine, which can sometimes be found in service stations, or you can do an acceptable job of cleaning with a stiff brush. If the plugs are cleaned, the electrodes must be filed flat. Use an ignition points file, not an emery board or the like, which will leave deposits. The electrodes must be filed perfectly flat with sharp edges; rounded edges reduce the spark plug voltage by as much as 50%.
Check spark plug gap before installation. The ground electrode (the L-shaped one connected to the body of the plug) must be parallel to the center electrode and the specified size wire gauge (please refer to the Tune-Up Specifications chart for details) must pass between the electrodes with a slight drag. NEVER adjust the gap on a used platinum type spark plug.
Always check the gap on new plugs as they are not always set correctly at the factory. Do not use a flat feeler gauge when measuring the gap on a used plug, because the reading may be inaccurate. A round-wire type gapping tool is the best way to check the gap. The correct gauge should pass through the electrode gap with a slight drag. If you're in doubt, try one size smaller and one larger. The smaller gauge should go through easily, while the larger one shouldn't go through at all. Wire gapping tools usually have a bending tool attached. Use that to adjust the side electrode until the proper distance is obtained. Absolutely never attempt to bend the center electrode. Also, be careful not to bend the side electrode too far or too often as it may weaken and break off within the engine, requiring removal of the cylinder head to retrieve it.
Removal & Installation
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- If removing the left side spark plugs, disconnect the crankcase vent tube quick connect coupling from the valve cover fitting and position it aside.
If removing the right side spark plugs, remove the upper intake manifold, as outlined in the Engine Mechanical Section.
NOTEThe upper intake manifold must be removed to access the right side spark plugs only.
Detach the 6 ignition coil-on-plug electrical connectors and unfasten the mounting bolts, then remove the ignition coils from the vehicle. .
NOTEWhen removing the ignition coil-on-plugs, a slight twisting motion will help break the seal and make removal easier.
CAUTIONOnly use hand tools when removing or installing the spark plugs, or you can damage the spark plug and/or cylinder head. Never use power tools.
NOTEUse compressed air to remove any foreign material in the spark plug well before removing the spark plugs.
Remove the 6 spark plugs.
Adjust the spark plug gap as necessary. The proper spark plug gap is 0.0051-0.0057 in. (1.29-1.45mm).
- Install the spark plugs and tighten to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
- Apply a little dielectric grease to the inside of the ignition coil-on-plug boots before attaching to the spark plugs.
- Install the 6 ignition coil-on-plugs and the 6 bolts, then tighten to 62 inch lbs. (7 Nm).
- Attach the 6 ignition coil-on-plug electrical connectors.
- If removed, install the upper intake manifold, as outlined in the Engine Mechanical Section.
- If disconnected, position and connect the crankcase vent tube quick connect coupling to the valve cover
- Connect the negative battery cable.