Equinox 2005-2007, Torrent 2006-07

Engine

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Removal & Installation



  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Proper relieve the fuel system pressure.
  4.  
  5. Drain the engine coolant from the cooling system.
  6.  
  7. Remove the battery box and carefully set the engine control module (ECM) on top of the engine.
  8.  
  9. Remove the battery cable retainers from the battery tray.
  10.  
  11. Remove the negative battery cable nut from the inner fender body ground stud.
  12.  
  13. Remove the negative battery cable from the inner fender body ground stud.
  14.  
  15. Remove the fuel injector sight shield.
  16.  
  17. Release the clamp from the brake booster vacuum hose connection.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the brake booster vacuum hose from the intake manifold.
  20.  
  21. Remove the transaxle control module (TCM) from the bracket and set the TCM on top of the engine.
  22.  
  23. Remove the air cleaner assembly and air intake duct.
  24.  
  25. Disconnect the evaporative emission (EVAP) hose/pipe from the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve.
  26.  
  27. Disconnect the engine fuel hose/pipe from the chassis fuel hose/pipe.
  28.  
  29. Properly discharge the air conditioning (A/C) system.
  30.  
  31. Remove the A/C compressor hose assembly from the compressor. Cap or plug the hoses and compressor to prevent contamination.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Frame-to-body bolts



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Engine-to-transaxle brace

  32.  
  33. Disconnect the transaxle shift control cable from the transaxle.
  34.  
  35. Disconnect engine to body inline connector C102.
  36.  
  37. Tie the radiator, A/C condenser, and fan module assembly to the upper radiator support to keep the assembly with the vehicle when the frame and drivetrain is removed.
  38.  
  39. Remove the coolant surge tank.
  40.  
  41. Disconnect the heater hoses from the engine.
  42.  
  43. Remove the radiator inlet hose.
  44.  
  45. Raise and support the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Remove the radiator outlet hose.
  48.  
  49. Disconnect the transaxle oil cooler lines from the transaxle and remove the seals.
  50.  
  51. Cap the transaxle oil cooler lines and plug the transaxle oil cooler line fittings to prevent loss of transmission fluid.
  52.  
  53. Remove the front bumper fascia air deflector.
  54.  
  55. Disconnect the heated oxygen sensor (HO 2 S) wiring harness.
  56.  
  57. Remove the HO 2 S wiring harness retainers from the vehicle underbody.
  58.  
  59. Remove the catalytic converter and secure the rear half of the exhaust system to the vehicle underbody.
  60.  
  61. If equipped with all wheel drive (AWD), disconnect the transfer case vent hose from the transfer case.
  62.  
  63. Remove the front tires.
  64.  
  65. Remove the right and left engine splash shields.
  66.  
  67. Remove the steering intermediate shaft pinch bolt and discard the bolt.
  68.  
  69. Disconnect the steering intermediate shaft from the steering gear.
  70.  
  71. Remove the right and left outer tie rod ends from the steering knuckles.
  72.  
  73. Remove the right and left stabilizer shaft links from the stabilizer shaft.
  74.  
  75. Remove the right and left lower ball joints from the steering knuckles.
  76.  
  77. Remove the right and left front halfshafts.
  78.  
  79. If equipped with AWD, remove the rear driveshaft.
  80.  
  81. Place a block of wood between the frame and the engine oil pan in order to support the engine once the bolts are removed from the right engine mount.
  82.  
  83. Place a block of wood between the frame and the transaxle in order to support the transaxle once the bolts are removed from the left transaxle mount.
  84.  
  85. Lower the vehicle.
  86.  
  87. Remove the bolts that secure the right engine mount to the engine.
  88.  
  89. Remove the bolts that secure the left transaxle mount to the transaxle.
    NOTE
    Insure the vehicle body is secured to the hoist.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove the bolts (2) that secure the right engine mount (1) to the engine (2).



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove the bolts that secure the left transaxle mounting to the engine.

  90.  
  91. Raise the vehicle.
  92.  
  93. Place a universal frame support fixture or jackstands under the frame.
  94.  
  95. Lower the vehicle until the frame contacts the frame support fixture or jackstands.
  96.  
  97. Remove the frame-to-body bolts. Discard the bolts.
    NOTE
    Inspect for areas of body to powertrain contact or entanglement of wires and hoses while separating the vehicle body and powertrain.

  98.  
  99. Carefully raise the vehicle body up away from the powertrain.
  100.  
  101. Disconnect the engine electrical wiring harness from the following components:

    Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve
     
    Throttle body EVAP purge solenoid
     
    Remove nut and alternator B+ lead
     
    Generator regulator
     
    Fuel injector inline connector
     
    Heated oxygen sensor (HO 2 S)
     
    Ignition coil/control module. Remove wire harness from retainers 
     

  102.  
  103. Disconnect the engine electrical wiring harness from the following components:

    Knock sensor (KS)
     
    Crankshaft position (CKP) sensor
     
    Remove bolt (4) and ground lead
     
    Remove the wire harness from retainers 
     

  104.  
  105. If equipped with an engine coolant heater, disconnect the coolant heater cord.
  106.  
  107. Disconnect the engine electrical wiring harness from the following components:

    Air conditioning (AC) compressor clutch
     
    AC refrigerant pressure sensor
     
    Remove wire harness from retainer 
     

  108.  
  109. Disconnect the engine electrical wiring harness from the following components:

    Knock sensor (KS)
     
    Oil pressure indicator switch 
     

  110.  
  111. Remove the throttle body assembly.
  112.  
  113. Remove the nut securing the fuel pipe to the transaxle.
  114.  
  115. Remove the fuel pipe retainer from the threaded stud on the transaxle.
  116.  
  117. If equipped with AWD, remove the transfer case mounting bracket bolts and bracket.
  118.  
  119. If equipped with front wheel drive (FWD), remove the intermediate shaft.
  120.  
  121. Remove the negative battery cable-to-transaxle nut from the transaxle stud
  122.  
  123. Remove the negative battery cable from the transaxle stud.
  124.  
  125. Remove the engine-to-transaxle brace bolts and brace.
  126.  
  127. Remove the starter motor.
  128.  
  129. Remove the torque converter bolts.
  130.  
  131. Install an engine lift chain to the engine lift brackets.
  132.  
  133. Support the engine weight with an engine hoist.
  134.  
  135. Remove the automatic transaxle bolts.
  136.  
  137. Separate the automatic transaxle from the engine.
  138.  
  139. Lift the engine away from the frame and the automatic transaxle.
  140.  
  141. Secure the engine to an engine stand.
  142.  
  143. Remove any additional engine components as necessary. Refer to appropriate component sections in manual if needed.
  144.  

To install:

  1. Remove the engine from the engine stand.
  2.  
  3. Align the engine to the frame and automatic transaxle.
  4.  
  5. Install the automatic transaxle bolts. Tighten the bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Place a block of wood between the frame and the engine oil pan in order to support the engine on the frame once the engine hoist is removed.
  8.  
  9. Remove the engine hoist and lift chain.
  10.  
  11. Install the torque converter bolts. Tighten the bolts to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Install the starter motor.
  14.  
  15. Install the engine to transaxle brace and bolts. Tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Install the negative battery cable to the transaxle stud.
  18.  
  19. Install the negative battery cable-to-transaxle nut to the transaxle stud. Tighten the nut to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm).
  20.  
  21. If equipped with AWD, install the transfer case mounting bracket and bolts. Tighten the bolts to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  22.  
  23. If equipped with FWD, install the intermediate shaft.
  24.  
  25. Install the fuel pipe retainer to the threaded stud on the transaxle.
  26.  
  27. Install the nut securing the fuel pipe to the transaxle. Tighten the nut to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).
  28.  
  29. Install the throttle body assembly.
  30.  
  31. Connect the engine electrical wiring harness to the following components:

    Oil pressure indicator switch
     
    Knock sensor (KS) 
     

  32.  
  33. Connect the engine electrical wiring harness to the following components:

    Install wire harness to retainer
     
    AC refrigerant pressure sensor
     
    Air conditioning (AC) compressor clutch 
     

  34.  
  35. If equipped with an engine coolant heater, connect the coolant heater cord.
  36.  
  37. Connect the engine electrical wiring harness to the following components:

    Install the wire harness to retainers
     
    Install ground lead and bolt. Tighten the bolt to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)
     
    CKP sensor
     
    KS 
     

  38.  
  39. Connect the engine electrical wiring harness to the following components:
    NOTE
    Inspect for areas of body to powertrain contact or entanglement of wires and hoses while joining the vehicle body to the powertrain.



    Install wire harness to retainers
     
    Ignition coil/control module HO 2 S 1
     
    Fuel injector inline connector
     
    Generator regulator
     
    Install alternator B+ lead and nut. Tighten the nut to 115 inch lbs. (13 Nm).
     
    EVAP purge solenoid
     
    Throttle body EGR valve 
     

  40.  
  41. Carefully lower the vehicle body down to the powertrain.
  42.  
  43. Install NEW frame-to-body bolts. Tighten the bolts to 114 ft. lbs. (155 Nm).
  44.  
  45. Raise the vehicle up away from the frame support fixture or jackstands and remove the support fixture or jackstands from under the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Lower the vehicle.
  48.  
  49. Install the bolts that secure the left transaxle mount to the transaxle. Tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  50.  
  51. Install the bolts that secure the right engine mount to the engine. Tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  52.  
  53. Raise the vehicle.
  54.  
  55. Remove the block of wood between the frame and the transaxle used to support the transaxle while the bolts were removed from the left transaxle mount.
  56.  
  57. Remove the block of wood between the frame and the engine oil pan used to support the engine while the bolts were removed from the right engine mount.
  58.  
  59. If equipped with AWD, install the rear driveshaft.
  60.  
  61. Install the right and left front halfshafts.
  62.  
  63. Install the right and left lower ball joints to the steering knuckles.
  64.  
  65. Install the right and left stabilizer shaft links to the stabilizer shaft.
  66.  
  67. Install the right and left tie rod ends to the steering knuckles.
  68.  
  69. Connect the steering intermediate shaft to the steering gear.
  70.  
  71. Install a NEW pinch bolt to the steering intermediate shaft. Tighten the bolt to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  72.  
  73. Install the right and left engine splash shields.
  74.  
  75. Install the front tires.
  76.  
  77. If equipped with AWD, connect the transfer case vent hose to the transfer case.
  78.  
  79. Install the catalytic converter.
  80.  
  81. Install the HO 2 S 2 wiring harness retainers to the vehicle underbody.
  82.  
  83. Connect the HO 2 S 2 wiring harness.
  84.  
  85. Install the front bumper fascia air deflector.
  86.  
  87. Install new seals and then connect the transaxle oil cooler lines to the transaxle.
  88.  
  89. Install the radiator outlet hose.
  90.  
  91. Lower the vehicle.
  92.  
  93. Install the radiator inlet hose.
  94.  
  95. Connect the heater hoses to the engine.
  96.  
  97. Install the coolant surge tank.
  98.  
  99. Untie the radiator, AC condenser, and fan module assembly from the upper radiator support.
  100.  
  101. Connect engine to body inline connector C102.
  102.  
  103. Connect the transaxle shift control cable to the transaxle.
  104.  
  105. Install the AC compressor hose assembly to the compressor.
  106.  
  107. Connect the engine fuel hose/pipe to the chassis fuel hose/pipe.
  108.  
  109. Connect the EVAP hose/pipe to the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve.
  110.  
  111. Install the air cleaner assembly and air intake duct.
  112.  
  113. Install the TCM to the TCM bracket.
  114.  
  115. Connect the brake booster vacuum hose to the intake manifold.
  116.  
  117. Position the clamp on the brake booster vacuum hose connection.
  118.  
  119. Install the fuel injector sight shield.
  120.  
  121. Install the negative battery cable from the inner fender body ground stud.
  122.  
  123. Install the negative battery cable nut to the inner fender body ground stud. Tighten the nut to 106 inch lbs. (12 Nm).
  124.  
  125. Install the battery cable retainers to the battery tray.
  126.  
  127. Install the battery box, battery and ECM.
  128.  
  129. Fill the engine with oil to the correct level.
  130.  
  131. Fill the engine with coolant to the correct level.
  132.  
  133. Check the transaxle fluid level.
  134.  
  135. Charge the AC system.
  136.  
  137. Prime the fuel system.
    1. Cycle the ignition ON for 5 seconds then OFF for 10 seconds. Repeat cycling twice.
    2.  
    3. Crank the engine until it starts. The maximum starter motor cranking time is 20 seconds.
    4.  
    5. If the engine does not start, repeat the steps.
    6.  

  138.  
  139. Install a scan tool.
  140.  
  141. Monitor the powertrain control module (PCM) for DTCs with a scan tool. If other DTCs are set, except DTC P0315, refer to Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) List.
  142.  
  143. Select the crankshaft position variation learn procedure with a scan tool.
  144.  
  145. The scan tool instructs you to perform the following:
    1. Accelerate to wide open throttle (WOT).
    2.  
    3. Observe fuel cut-off for applicable engine.
    4.  
    5. Release throttle when fuel cut-off occurs.
    6.  
    7. Engine should not accelerate beyond calibrated RPM value.
    8.  
    9. Release throttle immediately if value is exceeded.
    10.  
    11. Block drive wheels.
    12.  
    13. Set parking brake.
    14.  
    15. DO NOT apply brake pedal.
    16.  
    17. Cycle ignition from OFF to ON.
    18.  
    19. Apply and hold brake pedal.
    20.  
    21. Start and idle engine.
    22.  

  146.  
  147. Turn the A/C OFF. Vehicle must remain in Park or Neutral. The scan tool monitors certain component signals to determine if all the conditions are met to continue with the procedure. The scan tool only displays the condition that inhibits the procedure. The scan tool monitors the following components:
    NOTE
    While the learn procedure is in progress, release the throttle immediately when the engine starts to decelerate. The engine control is returned to the operator and the engine responds to throttle position after the learn procedure is complete.



    Crankshaft position (CKP) sensors activity--If there is a CKP sensor condition, refer to the applicable DTC
     
    Camshaft position (CMP) signal activity--If there is a CMP signal condition, refer to the applicable DTC
     
    Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT)--If the engine coolant temperature is not warm enough, idle the engine until the engine coolant temperature reaches the correct temperature
     

  148.  
  149. Enable the CKP system variation learn procedure with the scan tool and perform the following:

    Accelerate to WOT
     
    Release throttle when fuel cut-off occurs
     

  150.  
  151. The scan tool displays Learn Status: Learned this ignition. If the scan tool indicates that DTC P0315 ran and passed, the CKP variation learn procedure is complete. If the scan tool indicates DTC P0315 failed or did not run, refer to DTC P0315. If any other DTCs set, refer to Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) List.
  152.  
  153. Turn OFF the ignition for 30 seconds after the learn procedure is completed successfully.
  154.  
  155. The CKP system variation learn procedure is also required when the following service procedures have been performed, regardless of whether or not DTC P0315 is set:

    An engine replacement
     
    A PCM replacement
     
    A harmonic balancer replacement
     
    A crankshaft replacement
     
    A CKP sensor replacement
     
    Any engine repairs which disturb the crankshaft to CKP sensor relationship
     

  156.  

 
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