Ford recommends using Motorcraft Mercon ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluid) XT-2-QDX or equivalent Mercon ATF fluid (Dexron Mercon III).
See Figures 1 through 7
The transmission dipstick is typically located near the back of the engine, towards the firewall.
- Park the vehicle on a level surface.
- The transmission should be at normal operating temperature when checking fluid level. To ensure the fluid is at normal operating temperature, drive the vehicle at least 10 miles.
- With the selector lever in P and the parking brake applied, start the engine.
- Open the hood and locate the transmission fluid dipstick. Pull the dipstick from its tube, wipe it clean, and reinsert it. Make sure the dipstick is fully inserted.
- Pull the dipstick from its tube again. Holding it horizontally, read the fluid level. The fluid should be between the MIN and MAX mark. If the fluid is below the MIN mark, add fluid through the dipstick tube.
- Insert the dipstick, and check the level again after adding any fluid. Be careful not to overfill the transmission.
PAN & FILTER SERVICE
See Figures 8 through 20
The fluid should be changed according to the schedule in the Maintenance Intervals chart. If the car is normally used in severe service, such as stop and start driving, trailer towing, or the like, the interval should be halved. If the car is driven under especially nasty conditions, such as in heavy city traffic where the temperature normally reaches 90°F (32°C), or in very hilly or mountainous areas, or in police, taxi, or delivery service, the fluid should be changed according to the severe service schedule.
To drain the automatic transmission fluid, the fluid pan must be removed.
- Raise and safely support the vehicle.
- Place a drain pan underneath the transmission pan, then remove the pan attaching bolts except for the bolts on the four corners of the pan.
- Loosen the four attaching bolts on the corners approximately four turns each, but do not remove them.
- Very carefully pry the pan loose on one corner. You can use a small prybar for this if you work CAREFULLY. Do not distort the pan flange, or score the mating surface of the transmission case. You'll be very sorry later if you do. As the pan is pried loose, all of the fluid is going to come pouring out.
- Carefully break the other corners loose until fluid is flowing steadily from the entire pan.
If the drained fluid is discolored (brown or black), thick, or smells burnt, serious transmission troubles, probably due to overheating, should be suspected. Your car's transmission should be inspected by a reliable transmission specialist to determine the problem.
- After the fluid is done flowing, remove one corner bolt and attempt to drain any remaining fluid. Remove the remaining bolts and remove the pan and gasket.
On some later models, the transmission pan gasket is reusable, do no throw it away.
- Clean the pan and the magnets with solvent and allow them to air dry. If you use a rag to wipe out the pan, you risk leaving bits of lint behind, which will clog the tiny hydraulic passages in the transmission.
- Remove and discard the filter and the O-ring seal if applicable.
On some models, the filter may be retained by bolts; on these, remove the bolts and the filter from the valve body.To install:
- Install a new filter and O-ring, if applicable.
- If the filter is retained by bolts, tighten the bolts to 80-120 inch lbs. (9-14 Nm).
If removed from the pan, make sure the magnets are repositioned back into the pan.
- Position the gasket on the pan, then install the pan. Tighten the bolts evenly and in rotation to 10 ft. lbs. (13 Nm.). Do not overtighten.
- Lower the vehicle.
- Add the recommended automatic transmission fluid to the transmission through the dipstick tube. You will need a long necked funnel, or a funnel and tube to do this. A quick check of the capacities chart later in this Section will reveal the capacity of the transmission in your vehicle. On a first fill after removing the pan and filter, this number should cut into a 1 / 3 and checked on the dipstick before refilling.
- With the transmission in P , put on the parking brake, block the front wheels, start the engine and let it idle. DO NOT RACE THE ENGINE. DO NOT MOVE THE LEVER THROUGH ITS RANGES.
- With the lever in Park, check the fluid level. If it's OK, take the car out for a short drive, park on a level surface, and check the level again, as outlined earlier in this section. Add more fluid if necessary. Be careful not to overfill, which will cause foaming and fluid loss.