REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
All 1989-91 vehicles are equipped with sealed-beam halogen headlights. All 1992-98 vehicles are equipped with aerodynamically styled headlight bodies using replaceable halogen bulbs.
- Remove the headlight door mounting screws and remove the headlight door.
- Remove the 4 retainer ring screws and remove the retainer ring from the headlight.
- Pull the headlight bulb forward and detach the wiring connector.
- Attach the wiring connector to the headlight bulb and place the bulb in position, locating the bulb glass tabs in the positioning slots.
- Attach the bulb retainer ring to the assembly with the retainer ring screws.
- Install the headlight door and secure with the screws.
- Check the headlight bulb aim and adjust as necessary.
See Figure 1
- Make sure the headlight switch is in the OFF position.
- Lift the hood and remove the trim panel located above the headlight bulb.
- Rotate the bulb counterclockwise (when viewed from the rear) about an 1 / 8 - 1 / 4 turn.
- Carefully remove the bulb from the socket in the reflector by gently pulling straight out of the socket. Do not rotate the bulb during removal.
- Detach the electrical connector from the bulb.
- Attach the electrical connector to the bulb.
- Insert the glass envelope of the bulb into the socket while aligning the locking tabs.
- Rotate the bulb 1 / 4 turn.
- Turn the headlights on and check for proper operation.
A properly aimed headlight normally does not need to be re-aimed after bulb installation. A burned out bulb should not be removed from the headlight reflector until just before a replacement bulb is to be installed. Removal of a bulb for an extended period of time may allow contaminants to enter the headlight body and affect the performance of the headlight. The headlight bulb should be energized only while it is contained within the headlight body.
See Figures 2, 3, 4 and 5
AIMING THE HEADLIGHTS
On 1989-91 vehicles, the headlights can be aimed using the adjusting screws located above and to the side of the headlight bulbs. A rough adjustment can be made while shining the headlights on a wall or on the rear of another vehicle, but headlight adjustment should really be made using proper headlight aiming equipment.
On 1992-98 vehicles, the aerodynamically styled headlights necessitate the use of headlight aiming kit 107-00003 or equivalent. The adjustable aimer adapters provided in the kit must be used to aim the headlights. Adjustment aimer adapter positions are moulded into the bottom edge of the headlight lens. Set and lock the adjustable adapters, attach each adapter to its mechanical aimer and aim the headlights according to the instructions in the kit.
Headlight aim adjustment should be made with the fuel tank approximately half full, the vehicle unloaded and the trunk empty, except for the spare tire and jacking equipment. Make sure all tires are inflated to the proper pressure.
The headlights must be properly aimed to provide the best, safest road illumination. The lights should be checked for proper aim and adjusted as necessary. Certain state and local authorities have requirements for headlight aiming; these should be checked before adjustment is made.
Headlight adjustment may be temporarily made using a wall, as described below, or on the rear of another vehicle. When adjusted, the lights should not glare in oncoming car or truck windshields, nor should they illuminate the passenger compartment of vehicles driving in front of you. These adjustments are rough and should always be fine-tuned by a repair shop which is equipped with headlight aiming tools. Improper adjustments may be both dangerous and illegal.
For most of the vehicles covered by this guide, horizontal and vertical aiming of each sealed beam unit is provided by two adjusting screws which move the retaining ring and adjusting plate against the tension of a coil spring. There is no adjustment for focus; this is done during headlight manufacturing.
Because the composite headlight assembly is bolted into position, no adjustment should be necessary or possible. Some applications, however, may be bolted to an adjuster plate or may be retained by adjusting screws. If so, follow this procedure when adjusting the lights, BUT always have the adjustment checked by a reputable shop.
Before removing the headlight bulb or disturbing the headlamp in any way, note the current settings in order to ease headlight adjustment upon reassembly. If the high or low beam setting of the old lamp still works, this can be done using the wall of a garage or a building:
- Park the vehicle on a level surface, with the fuel tank about 1 / 2 full and with the vehicle empty of all extra cargo (unless normally carried). The vehicle should be facing a wall which is no less than 6 feet (1.8m) high and 12 feet (3.7m) wide. The front of the vehicle should be about 25 feet from the wall.
See Figure 6
- If aiming is to be performed outdoors, it is advisable to wait until dusk in order to properly see the headlight beams on the wall. If done in a garage, darken the area around the wall as much as possible by closing shades or hanging cloth over the windows.
- Turn the headlights ON and mark the wall at the center of each light's low beam, then switch on the brights and mark the center of each light's high beam. A short length of masking tape which is visible from the front of the vehicle may be used. Although marking all four positions is advisable, marking one position from each light should be sufficient.
See Figures 7 and 8
- If neither beam on one side is working, and if another like-sized vehicle is available, park the second one in the exact spot where the vehicle was and mark the beams using the same-side light. Then switch the vehicles so the one to be aimed is back in the original spot. It must be parked no closer to or farther away from the wall than the second vehicle.
- Perform any necessary repairs, but make sure the vehicle is not moved, or is returned to the exact spot from which the lights were marked. Turn the headlights ON and adjust the beams to match the marks on the wall.
- Have the headlight adjustment checked as soon as possible by a reputable repair shop.