If your vehicle is equipped with manual steering, it is of the rack and pinion type. The gear input shaft is connected to the steering shaft by a double U-joint. A pinion gear, machined on the input shaft, engages the rack. The rotation of the input shaft pinion causes the rack to move laterally. The rack has two tie rods with ends connected to the front wheels. When the rack moves, so do the front wheel knuckles. Toe adjustment is made by turning the outer tie rod ends in or out equally as required.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Turn the ignition key to the RUN position.
- Remove the access trim panel from below the steering column.
- Remove the intermediate shaft bolts at the rack and pinion input shaft and the steering column shaft.
- Using a suitable prytool, spread the slots enough to loosen the intermediate shaft at both ends. They cannot be separated at this time.
- Raise the vehicle and support it safely.
- Separate the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles, using a suitable tool. Turn the right wheel to the full left turn position.
- Disconnect the speedometer cable at the transaxle on automatic transaxles only.
- Disconnect the secondary air tube at the check valve.
- Disconnect the exhaust system at the manifold and remove the system.
- Remove the gear mounting brackets and insulators. Keep them separated as they are not interchangeable.
- Turn the steering wheel full left so the tie rod will clear the shift linkage during removal.
- Separate the gear intermediate shaft, with an assistant pulling upward on the shaft from the inside of the vehicle.
Care should be taken during steering gear removal and installation to prevent tearing or damaging the steering gear bellows.
- Rotate the gear forward and down to clear the input shaft through the dash panel opening.
- With the gear in the full left turn position, move the gear through the right (passenger side) apron opening until the left tie rod clears the shift linkage and other parts so it may be lowered.
- Lower the left side of the gear assembly and remove from the vehicle.
- Rotate the input shaft to a full left turn stop. Position the right wheel to a full left turn.
- Start the right side of the gear through the opening in the right apron. Move the gear in until the left tie rod clears all parts so it may be raised up to the left apron opening.
- Raise the gear and insert the left side through the apron opening. Rotate the gear so the joint shaft enters the dash panel opening.
- With an assistant guiding the intermediate shaft from the inside of the vehicle, insert the input shaft into the intermediate shaft coupling. Insert the intermediate shaft clamp bolts finger-tight. Do not tighten at this time.
Install the gear mounting insulators and brackets in their proper places. Ensure the flat in the left mounting area is parallel to the dash panel. Tighten the bracket bolts to 40-55 ft. lbs. (54-75 Nm) in the sequence as described below:
- Tighten the left (driver's side) upper bolt halfway.
- Tighten the left side lower bolt.
- Tighten the left side upper bolt.
- Tighten the right side bolts.
- Do not forget that the right and left side insulators and brackets are not interchangeable side to side.
- Attach the tie rod ends to the steering knuckles. Tighten the castellated nuts to 27-32 ft. lbs. (36-43 Nm), then tighten the nuts until the slot aligns with the cotter pin hole. Insert a new cotter pin.
- Install the exhaust system.
- Install the speedometer cable, if removed.
- Tighten the gear input shaft to intermediate shaft coupling clamp bolt first. Then, tighten the upper intermediate shaft clamp bolt. Tighten both bolts to 20-37 ft. lbs. (28-50 Nm).
- Install the access panel below the steering column. Turn the ignition key to the OFF position.
- Check and adjust the toe. Tighten the tie rod end jam nuts, check for twisted bellows.