REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
Tie Rod Ends
See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4
- With paint or a marker pen, mark the tie rod end, jam nut and tie rod to make installation easier, without having to change the toe-in setting.
- Remove and discard cotter pin and nut from the worn tie rod end ball stud.
Although it is possible to remove the tie rod end first, loosening the jam nut is easier when the rod is still held in place.
- Holding the tie rod end with a suitable wrench, loosen the tie rod jam nut.
- Disconnect the tie rod end from spindle, using a tie rod end remover tool such as 3290-D and adapter T81P-3504-W or suitable equivalents.
- Grip the tie rod hex flats with a pair of locking pliers, and remove the tie rod end from the tie rod.
- Clean tie rod threads. Apply a light coating of disc brake caliper slide grease D7AZ-19590-A or equivalent, to tie rod threads. Thread new tie rod end to same depth as removed tie rod end. Tighten jam nut.
- Place the tie rod end stud into the steering spindle.
- Install a new nut on tie rod end stud. Tighten nut to 27-32 ft. lbs. (36-43 Nm), then continue tightening the nut to align the next castellation with the cotter pin hole in the stud. Install a new cotter pin.
- Set the toe to specification and tighten the jam nuts to 35-50 ft. lbs. (47-68 Nm). Do not twist the bellows. Have the front end alignment (specifically the toe) checked by a reputable repair facility.
Tie Rod Articulation/Steering Effort
The yoke clearance is not adjustable except when overhauling the steering gear assembly. Pinion bearing preload is not adjustable because of the non-adjustable bearing usage. Tie rod articulation is preset and is not adjustable. If articulation is out of specification, replace the tie rod assembly. To check tie rod articulation, proceed as follows:
- With the tie rod end disconnected from the steering knuckle, loop a piece of wire through the hole in the tie rod end stud.
- Insert the hook of spring scale T74P-3504-Y or equivalent, through the wire loop. Effort to move the tie rod after initial breakaway should be 0.7-5.0 lbs. (0.3-2.25 Nm).
Do not damage tie rod neck.
- Replace ball joint/tie rod assembly if effort falls outside this range. Save the tie rod end for use on the new tie rod assembly.