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    2008 Cadillac Truck Escalade 2WD 6.2L SFI OHV HO 8cyl

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    Ford Escort/Tracer 1991-1999 Repair Guide

    Power Rack and Pinion

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    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    1991-96 Models

    See Figure 1

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2.  
    3. From inside the passenger compartment, remove the steering column tube boot nuts at the base of the column and remove the tube boots.
    4.  
    5. Remove the intermediate shaft-to-pinion shaft bolt.
    6.  
    7. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
    8.  
    9. Remove the front wheel and tire assemblies.
    10.  
    11. Remove the left-hand splash shield.
    12.  
    13. Remove the cotter pins and castellated nuts from the tie rod ends. Using a suitable tool, separate the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles. Discard the cotter pins.
    14.  
    15. Remove the strap that holds the power steering lines to the rack and pinion (steering gear) housing and discard the strap.
    16.  
    17. Disconnect the pressure and return lines from the rack and pinion assembly and plug the lines.
    18.  
    19. If equipped with a manual transaxle, disconnect the gearshift stabilizer bar and shift control rod from the transaxle.
    20.  
    21. Remove the retaining nuts from the rack and pinion mounting brackets.
    22.  
    23. Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the left-hand side of the vehicle.
    24.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the left-hand side of the vehicle-1991-96 models with power rack and pinion

    To install:
    1. Place the rack and pinion assembly in its mounting location.
    2.  
    3. Install the rack and pinion mounting brackets. Install the retaining nuts and tighten to 28-38 ft. lbs. (37-57 Nm).
    4.  
    5. If equipped with a manual transaxle, connect the gearshift stabilizer bar and shift control rod. Tighten the gearshift stabilizer bar nut to 23-34 ft. lbs. (31-46 Nm) and the shift control rod nut to 12-17 ft. lbs. (16-23 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Remove the plugs and connect the pressure and return lines to the rack and pinion assembly. Tighten the flare nuts to 22-28 ft. lbs. (29-39 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Install a new strap to hold the power steering lines to the rack and pinion housing.
    10.  
    11. Install the tie rod ends to the steering knuckles and install the castellated nuts. Tighten to specification. Install new cotter pins.
    12.  
    13. Install the left-hand splash shield.
    14.  
    15. Install the wheel and tire assemblies.
    16.  
    17. Lower the vehicle.
    18.  
    19. From inside the vehicle, install the intermediate shaft-to-pinion shaft bolt. Tighten the bolt to 13-20 ft. lbs. (18-27 Nm) for 1991-94 vehicles or 30-36 ft. lbs. (40-50 Nm) for 1995-96 vehicles.
    20.  
    21. Install the steering column tube boot and the five retaining nuts. Tighten the retaining nuts to 35 inch lbs. (4 Nm).
    22.  
    23. Connect the negative battery cable.
    24.  
    25. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
    26.  
    27. Check the alignment and adjust as required.
    28.  
    29. Start the engine and check for leaks.
    30.  
    31. Road test the vehicle and check for proper steering system operation.
    32.  

    1997-99 Models

    See Figures 2, 3 and 4



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 2: Unfasten the nuts (A) at the base of the steering column, then remove the steering column tube boot (B) and inner steering column tube boot (C)-1997-99 models

    1. Turn the key to the ACC position.
    2.  
    3. From inside the passenger compartment, remove the steering column tube boot nuts at the base of the column and remove the tube boots.
    4.  
    5. Remove the steering column input shaft coupling-to-steering gear input shaft pinch bolt.
    6.  
    7. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
    8.  
    9. Remove the front wheel and tire assemblies.
    10.  
    11. Using a suitable tool, separate the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles. Discard the cotter pins.
    12.  
    13. Remove the right-hand lower splash shield.
    14.  
    15. Unfasten the bolts and remove the crossmember.
    16.  
    17. Disconnect the pressure and return lines from the rack and pinion assembly and plug the lines.
    18.  
    19. Remove and discard the strap holding the hoses to the steering gear.
    20.  
    21. If equipped with a manual transaxle, disconnect the gearshift rod and clevis from the transaxle.
    22.  
    23. If equipped with a manual transaxle, unfasten the extension bar nut and disconnect the gearshift lever stabilizer bar and support from the transaxle.
    24.  
    25. Unfasten the retaining nuts from the rack and pinion mounting brackets and remove the brackets.
    26.  
    27. Remove the pushpin and position the right-hand boot aside.
    28.  
    29. Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the right-hand side of the vehicle.
    30.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 3: Unfasten the retaining nuts (1) from the rack and pinion mounting brackets, then remove the brackets (2)



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 4: Remove the pushpin (A) and position the right-hand boot (B) aside

    To install:
    1. Place the rack and pinion assembly in its mounting location.
    2.  
    3. Align the steering column input shaft coupling and the steering gear input shaft.
    4.  
    5. Install the rack and pinion mounting brackets. Install the retaining nuts and tighten to 28-38 ft. lbs. (37-57 Nm).
    6.  
    7. If equipped with a manual transaxle, connect the gearshift stabilizer bar, support and the gearshift rod and clevis.
    8.  

    Install new Teflon® seals on the power steering pressure hose fitting and make sure the threads are clean before connecting the hose.

    1. Remove the plugs and connect the pressure and return lines to the rack and pinion assembly. Tighten the pressure hose to 21-25 ft. lbs. (28-33 Nm) and the return line fitting to 20-25 ft. lbs. (27-34 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Install a new strap to hold the power steering lines to the rack and pinion housing.
    4.  
    5. Install the crossmember and tighten the bolts to 69-97 ft. lbs. (94-131 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Place the right-hand boot shield into position and install the push pin.
    8.  
    9. Install the right-hand splash shield.
    10.  
    11. Install the tie rod ends to the steering knuckles and install the castellated nuts. Tighten to specification. Install new cotter pins.
    12.  
    13. Install the wheel and tire assemblies.
    14.  
    15. Lower the vehicle.
    16.  
    17. Install the steering column input shaft coupling-to-steering gear input shaft pinch bolt and tighten the bolt to 30-36 ft. lbs. (40-50 Nm).
    18.  
    19. Install the steering column tube boots and the five retainers. Tighten the retainers to 18-52 inch lbs. (2-6 Nm).
    20.  
    21. Connect the negative battery cable.
    22.  
    23. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
    24.  
    25. Check the alignment and adjust as required.
    26.  
    27. Start the engine and check for leaks.
    28.  
    29. Road test the vehicle and check for proper steering system operation.
    30.  

     
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