Ford Freestar, Monterey 2004-2006

Bleeding

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Filling The System




NOTE
This procedure requires the use of the following special tools or their equivalents. Vacuum Pump Kit 416-D002 (D95L-7559-A), Power Steering Evacuation Cap 211-265, and Power Steering Fill Adapter Manifold 211-327.


WARNING
If the air is not purged from the power steering system correctly, premature power steering pump failure can result. The condition can occur on pre-delivery vehicles with evidence of aerated fluid or on vehicles that have had steering component repairs.

  1. Remove the power steering pump reservoir cap.
  2.  
  3. Tightly install the evacuation cap to the power steering pump reservoir.
  4.  
  5. Install the hose from the fill adapter manifold tee to the evacuation cap on the power steering pump reservoir.
  6.  
  7. Install the vacuum pump to the fill adapter manifold control valve.
  8.  
  9. Install the hose to the opposite fill adapter manifold control valve and submerge the open end of the hose into a container of new power steering fluid.
    NOTE
    The fill adapter manifold control valves are in the open position when the point of the handles face the center of the fill adapter manifold.

  10.  
  11. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  12.  
  13. Open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the vacuum pump.
  14.  
  15. Using the vacuum pump, apply 20-25 in. Hg (68-85 kPa) of vacuum to the power steering system. Observe the vacuum gauge for 30 seconds.
  16.  
  17. If the vacuum gauge reading drops more than 0.88 in. Hg (3 kPa), correct any leaks in the power steering system or the filling tools before proceeding.
    NOTE
    The vacuum pump gauge reading will drop slightly during this step.

  18.  
  19. Slowly open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container until power steering fluid completely fills the hose.
  20.  
  21. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  22.  
  23. Using the vacuum pump, 20-25 in. Hg (68-85 kPa) of vacuum to the power steering system.
  24.  
  25. Close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the vacuum pump.
  26.  
  27. Slowly open the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  28.  
  29. When the power steering fluid has drained from the hose connected to the power steering fluid container, close the fill adapter manifold control valve connected to the power steering fluid container.
  30.  
  31. Remove the tools from the vehicle.
  32.  
  33. Install the power steering reservoir cap.
    WARNING
    Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than 3 to 5 seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump can occur.


    NOTE
    There will be a slight drop in the power steering fluid level in the power steering fluid reservoir when the engine is started.

  34.  
  35. Start the engine and turn the steering wheel from stop-to-stop.
  36.  
  37. If equipped with Hydro-Boost®, apply the brake pedal twice.
  38.  
  39. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
    WARNING
    Do not overfill the reservoir.

  40.  
  41. Remove the power steering reservoir cap and fill the reservoir.
  42.  
  43. Install the power steering reservoir cap.
  44.  

 
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