Ford Full-Size Vans 1989-1996 Repair Guide

Brake Drums


Older brake pads or shoes may contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air! Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.


See Figures 1 and 2

  1. Raise the vehicle so that the wheel to be worked on is clear of the floor and install jackstands under the vehicle.
  3. Remove the wheel.
  5. Remove the spring retaining nuts.
  7. Remove the brake drum. It may be necessary to back off the brake shoe adjustment in order to remove the brake drum. This is because the drum might be grooved or worn from being in service for an extended period of time.

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Fig. Fig. 1: Use a brake adjusting tool to back off the adjuster screw ...

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Fig. Fig. 2: ... and remove the drum from the van

  1. If the inside of the drum has a coating of rust or a ridge, clean it with a piece of coarse sandpaper before installation.
  3. Before installing a new brake drum, be sure to remove any protective coating with brake cleaner or a suitable fast-drying degreaser.
  5. Install the brake drum in the reverse order of removal and adjust the brakes.


Check that there are no cracks or chips in the braking surface. Excessive bluing indicates overheating and a replacement drum is needed. The drum can be machined to remove minor damage and to establish a rounded braking surface on a warped drum. Never exceed the maximum oversize of the drum when machining the braking surface. The maximum inside diameter is stamped on the rim of the drum.