REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
Tie Rod Ends
See Figures 1 through 15
If a steering boot or inner rod is damaged on the rack and pinion assembly, they are easily replaced after tie rod end removal. DO NOT allow a torn boot to go unattended, as steering rack damage will likely occur.
- Apply the parking brake, block the rear wheels, then raise and support the front of the vehicle safely using jackstands.
- Remove the cotter pin and nut from the tie rod end ball stud. Disconnect the tie rod end from the spindle using ball stud remover tool 3290-D or equivalent.
- Holding the tie rod end with a wrench, loosen the tie rod jam nut. Grip the tie rod end with pliers and remove the assembly from the tie rod, but first note the depth to which the tie rod was located by using the jam nut as a marker, or by marking the inner tie rod threads with white paint.
On some rack assemblies, the jam nut DOES NOT have to be touched, as the tie rod end can be unthreaded once the ball stud is free. On these assemblies, leaving the jam nut undisturbed will prevent you from having to make alignment marks for installation purposes. BUT, if a tie rod is replaced, you should still have the toe setting checked by a qualified front end alignment technician.
- Clean the tie rod threads.
- Thread the new tie rod end onto the tie rod to the same depth as the removed tie rod end.
- Place the tie rod end ball stud into the spindle and install the nut. Make sure the front wheels are in the straight-ahead position.
- Tighten the nut to the specified value, and continue tightening the nut to align the next castellation of the nut with the cotter pin hole in the stud. Install a new cotter pin.
- Tighten the jam nut to the figures given in the torque specifications chart.
- Have the front end alignment checked by a qualified automotive technician.