GENERAL INFORMATION AND MAINTENANCE
Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level every time you fill the gas tank. Make sure the oil level is between the F and L marks on the 2.2L engine or between the FULL and ADD marks on the 3.0L engine. The engine and oil must be warm and the vehicle parked on level ground to get an accurate reading. Also, allow a few minutes after turning off the engine for the oil to drain back into the pan before checking, or an inaccurate reading will result. Check the engine oil level as follows:
- Open the hood and locate the engine oil dipstick.
- If the engine is hot, you may want to wrap a rag around the dipstick handle before removing it.
- Remove the dipstick and wipe it with a clean, lint-free rag, then reinsert it into the dipstick tube. Make sure it is inserted all the way or an inaccurate reading will result.
- Pull out the dipstick and note the oil level. It should be between the marks, as stated above.
- If the oil level is below the lower mark, replace the dipstick and add fresh oil to bring the level within the proper range. Do not overfill.
- Recheck the oil level and close the hood.
The engine oil and oil filter should be changed at the same time, at the recommended interval on the Maintenance Intervals chart. The oil should be changed more frequently if the vehicle is being operated in very dusty areas. Before draining the oil, make sure the engine is at operating temperature. Hot oil will hold more impurities in suspension and will flow better, allowing the removal of more oil and dirt.
Used oil has been classified as a hazardous waste and must be disposed of properly. A number of service stations and auto parts stores are now accepting waste oil from the public for recycling purposes. Consult with those in your area to find out what their policies are, before you drain any oil, as some will not accept oil that has been mixed with other fluids such as antifreeze or transmission fluid.
Change the oil and filter as follows:
- Run the engine until it reaches the normal operating temperature. Raise and safely support the front of the car.
- Slide a drain pan under the oil pan drain plug.
- Wipe the drain plug and the surrounding area clean. Loosen the drain plug with a socket or box wrench, and then remove it by hand, using a rag to shield your fingers from the heat. Push in on the plug as you turn it out, so that no oil escapes until the plug is completely removed.
- Allow the oil to drain into the pan. Be careful; if the engine is at operating temperature, the oil is hot enough to burn you.
- Clean and install the drain plug , making sure that the gasket is still on the plug. If the gasket is missing or damaged, install a new one. Tighten the drain plug to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
- Slide the drain pan under the oil filter. Slip an oil filter wrench onto the filter and turn it counterclockwise to loosen it. Wrap a rag around the filter and unscrew it the rest of the way. Be careful of oil running down the side of the filter.
- Clean the oil filter adapter on the engine with a clean rag.
- Coat the rubber gasket on the replacement filter with clean engine oil. Place the filter in position on the adapter fitting and screw it on by hand. After the rubber gasket contacts the sealing surface, turn the filter 1 / 2 turn, by hand.
- Pull the drain pan from under the vehicle and lower the vehicle to the ground.
- Remove the oil filler cap and fill the crankcase with the proper type and quantity of engine oil.
- On the turbocharged engine, it is necessary to pre-lube the lubricating system before starting the engine to ensure an adequate supply of oil to the turbocharger bearings. This is done as follows:
- Disconnect the ignition coil electrical connector from the ignition coil.
- Crank the engine for approximately 20 seconds. Doing this will generate a fault code in the Self-Diagnostic portion of the Electronic Control Assembly.
- Reconnect the electrical connector to the ignition coil.
- Start the engine and run it at idle for approximately 30 seconds.
- Stop the engine and disconnect the negative battery cable. Depress the brake pedal for approximately 5 seconds in order to cancel the fault code.
- Reconnect the negative battery cable.
- Run the engine and check for leaks. Stop the engine and check the oil level.