Use hypoid gear lubricant SAE 80W or 90W.
On models with the front locking differential, add 2 oz. of friction modifier Ford part No. EST-M2C118-A. On models with the rear locking differential, use only locking differential fluid Ford part No. ESP-M2C154-A or its equivalent, and add 4 oz. of friction modifier Ford part No. EST-M2C118-A.
See Figures 1 through 11
The fluid level in the drive axles should be checked at each oil change. Like the manual transmission which is available, the rear axle does not have a dipstick to check fluid level. Instead, a filler plug is located in the side of the housing (or in the side of the cover), at a level just barely above the level to which fluid should fill the housing. To check the fluid level:
- Make sure the transmission is in P (A/T) or in gear on a manual, then FIRMLY set the parking brake and block the drive wheels.
- Check under the vehicle to see if there is sufficient clearance for you to access the filler plug on the side of the differential housing. If not you will have to raise and support the vehicle using jackstands at four points to make sure it is completely level. Failure to support the vehicle level will prevent from properly checking or filling the drive axle fluid.
- Thoroughly clean the area surrounding the fill plug. This will prevent any dirt from entering the housing and contaminating the gear oil.
- Remove the fill plug and make sure that the gear oil is up to the bottom of the fill hole. If a slight amount of lubricant does not drip out of the hole when the plug is removed, additional lubricant should be added. Use hypoid gear lubricant SAE 80 or 90.
If the differential is a Traction-Lok limited-slip unit, be sure to use 4 oz. of Ford Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or equivalent special limited-slip additive with the lubricant.
- Once you are finished, install the fill plug, then (if raised) remove the jackstands and lower the vehicle.
DRAIN & REFILL
Drain and refill the drive axle housings every 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or any time the vehicle is driven in high water (up to the axle). Although some fluid can be removed using a suction gun, the best method is to remove the axle housing cover (if equipped) to ensure that all of any present contaminants are removed. As with any fluid change, the oil should be at normal operating temperature to assure the best flow and removal of fluid/contaminants.
Most front and some rear drive axle assemblies do not have a removable cover for fluid draining. However, these units may have a drain plug instead. Drain plug equipped drive axles can be serviced in the same manner as the manual transmission and/or transfer case. If no drain plug is found, you will need to use a suction gun through the fill hole to remove the fluid. The procedure below is for housing cover equipped axles.
- Drive the vehicle until the lubricant reaches normal operating temperature.
- If necessary for access, raise and support the vehicle safely using jackstands, but be sure that the vehicle is level so you can properly refill the axle when you are finished.
If a suction gun is used to drain the fluid, remove the fill plug and insert the suction tube into the fill hole until it rests at the lowest most point inside the housing. Operate the suction gun as per the manufacturers directions. When the fluid is completely removed, skip to the differential filling procedure.
- Use a wire brush to clean the area around the differential. This will help prevent dirt from contaminating the differential housing while the cover is removed.
- Position a drain pan under the drive axle.
- Loosen and remove all but 2 of the housing cover's upper or side retaining bolts. The remaining 2 bolts should then be loosened to within a few turns of complete removal. Use a small prytool to carefully break the gasket seal at the base of the cover and allow the lubricant to drain. Be VERY careful not to force or damage the cover and gasket mating surface.
- Once most of the fluid has drained, remove the final retaining bolts and separate the cover from the housing.
- Carefully clean the gasket mating surfaces of the cover and axle housing of any remaining gasket or sealer. A putty knife is a good tool to use for this. You may want to cover the differential gears using a rag or piece of plastic to prevent contaminating them with dirt or pieces of the old gasket.
- Install the housing cover using a new gasket and sealant. Tighten the retaining bolts using a crisscross pattern.
Make sure the vehicle is level before attempting to add fluid to the drive axle, otherwise an incorrect fluid level will result.
- Refill the drive axle housing using the proper grade and quantity of lubricant. Install the filler plug, operate the vehicle and check for any leaks.